Mecca Family Population Trend historical fluctuation. Mecca is mentioned in the following early Qur'anic manuscripts: In the Islamic view, the beginnings of Mecca are attributed to the Biblical figures, Abraham, Hagar and Ishmael. [28] Arab and Islamic tradition holds that the wilderness of Paran, broadly speaking, is the Tihamah coastal plain and the site where Ishmael settled was Mecca. At least one man of the Jurhum helped Ismāʿīl and his father to construct or according to Islamic narratives, reconstruct, the Ka'bah ('Cube'),[48][16][49] which would have social, religious, political and historical implications for the site and region. Meaning of Mecca City in w saudi arabia, islam spiritual center. Non-Muslims are not permitted to enter Mecca under Saudi law,[10] and using fraudulent documents to do so may result in arrest and prosecution. It has been theorized that an epidemic such as by smallpox could have caused such a failed invasion of Mecca. The Ottomans had planned to extend their railway network to the holy city, but were forced to abandon this plan due to their partaking in the First World War. In The United States the number of people carrying the Mecca surname rose 15,669 percent between 1880 and 2014. [18][19][20], In South Arabic, the language in use in the southern portion of the Arabian Peninsula at the time of Muhammad, the b and m were interchangeable. There are some industries and factories in the city, but Mecca no longer plays a major role in Saudi Arabia's economy, which is mainly based on oil exports. "[29], In 2010, Mecca and the surrounding area became an important site for paleontology with respect to primate evolution, with the discovery of a Saadanius fossil. [120] The 18.1-kilometer (11.2-mile) elevated metro transports pilgrims to the holy sites of 'Arafat, Muzdalifah and Mina in the city to reduce congestion on the road and is only operational during the Hajj season. [62] It is one of the lowest in the Hejaz region. Formal education started to be developed in the late Ottoman period continuing slowly into Hashemite times. Traditional, historical homes built of local rock, two to three stories long are still present within the city's central area, within view of modern hotels and shopping complexes. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. Muslims face in the direction of Mecca when they pray, and they are expected to go on a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lives. [105], Mecca is very densely populated. The Umayyad Caliphate moved the capital to Damascus in Syria and the Abbasid Caliphate to Baghdad, in modern-day Iraq, which remained the center of the Islamic Empire for nearly 500 years. Mecca was regularly hit by cholera outbreaks. Comments and insights on the name Mecca. Mecca as a girls' name. Mecca re-entered Islamic political history during the Second Fitna, when it was held by Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr and the Zubayrids. This is a mountain believed by Muslims to have been the place where Muhammad spent his time away from the bustling city of Mecca in seclusion. From 1880 to 2018 less than 5 people per year have been born with the first name Meccai. Year-round, pilgrims stream into the city to perform the rites of 'Umrah, and during the last weeks of eleventh Islamic month, Dhu al-Qi'dah, on average 2-4 million Muslims arrive in the city to take part in the rites known as Hajj. [14], Mecca has been referred to by many names. [12][13] The City of Mecca amanah, which constitutes Mecca and the surrounding region, is the capital of the Mecca Province, which includes the neighboring cities of Jeddah and Ta'if, even though Jeddah is considerably larger in population compared to Mecca. The Mecca family name was found in the USA between 1880 and 1920. [118][119] Mecca is served by four ring roads, and these are very crowded compared to the three ring roads of Medina. Rain usually falls in Mecca in small amounts scattered between November and January, with heavy thunderstorms also common during the winter. Mecca has been referred to by many names. This plan was later carried out by the Saudi government, which connected the two holy cities of Medina and Mecca with the modern Haramain high-speed railway system which runs at 300 km/h (190 mph) and connects the two cities via Jeddah, King Abdulaziz International Airport and King Abdullah Economic City near Rabigh within two hours. While in Mecca, prayers were made for (not to) the King of Iraq and also for Salaheddin al-Ayyubi, Sultan of Egypt and Syria at the Ka'bah. Arabic Makkah, sacred city of Islam, birthplace of Muhammad, which every Muslim must visit at least once. [28] Yaqut al-Hamawi, the 12th century Syrian geographer, wrote that Fārān was "an arabized Hebrew word, one of the names of Mecca mentioned in the Torah. Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press Mecca, city, located in the Sirat Mountains in western Saudi Arabia, inland from the Red Sea coast. The birthplace in AD 570 of the prophet Muhammad, Mecca was the scene of his early teachings before his emigration to Medina in 622 (the Hegira). [73], One of the most famous travelers to Mecca in the 14th century was Moroccan scholar and traveler, Ibn Battuta. The Ottomans assigned the task of bringing Mecca back under Ottoman control to their powerful Khedive (viceroy) and Wali of Egypt, Muhammad Ali Pasha. 70 km away) internationally and the Ta'if Regional Airport (approx. The origin of the name Mecca is Arabic. The siege lasted two weeks, and resulted in several hundred deaths and significant damage to the shrine, especially the Safa-Marwah gallery. Mecca's most important pagan deity was Hubal, which had been placed there by the ruling Quraish tribe. Ptolemy lists the names of 50 cities in Arabia, one going by the name of "Macoraba". [96] The city has grown substantially in the 20th and 21st centuries, as the convenience and affordability of jet travel has increased the number of pilgrims participating in the Hajj. Since then, dams have been built to ameliorate this problem.[96]. [111] Guru Nanak Sahib, the founder of Sikhism, visited Mecca[112] in December 1518. The Hira cave atop the Jabal al-Nur ("Mountain of Light") is just outside the city and is where Muslims believe the Qur'an was first revealed to Muhammad. The masjid is also the site of the Zamzam Well. Several temporary clinics are set up during the Hajj to tend to wounded pilgrims. This city in Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of Muhammad and the site which Muslims must attempt to visit on a pilgrimage; from its role as a religious destination Mecca began to be used in the early 19th century (sometimes capitalized, and sometimes not) in a non-religious sense. The first were local wells, such as the Zamzam Well, that produced generally brackish water. Income generated from the Hajj, in fact, not only powers the Meccan economy but has historically had far-reaching effects on the economy of the entire Arabian Peninsula. The Saudi government has also carried out the destruction of several historical structures and archaeological sites,[6] such as the Ajyad Fortress. In everyday language it's an honourable mention; The center of any given thing, area or activity. Statistical information department of the ministry of education: Dr Harjinder Singh Dilgeer says that Mecca was not banned to non-Muslim till nineteenth century; destruction of several historical structures and archaeological sites, Destruction of early Islamic heritage sites in Saudi Arabia, https://web.archive.org/web/20181117112400/https://www.stats.gov.sa/sites/default/files/ar-g-serv-2015-makkah.pdf, "Mecca for the rich: Islam's holiest site 'turning into Vegas, Islamic Pilgrims Bring Cosmopolitan Air to Unlikely City, "Mayor of Makkah Receives Malaysian Consul General", "Prince Khalid Al Faisal appointed as governor of Makkah region", "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), MAACAH, MAACAH, MACORABA", "Ape ancestors brought to life by fossil skull of 'Saadanius' primate", "Civil Society Institutions in Pre-Islamic Mecca", "Outline of the History of Ancient Southern Arabia", "Tafsir of Surah al Fil – The Elephant (Surah 105)", "Miscellaneous works: comprising An inquiry into the antiquity of the small-pox, measles, and scarlet fever, now first published; Reports on the diseases in London, a new ed. The sources of this spring are the mountains of Jabal Sa'd and Jabal Kabkāb, which are a few kilometers east of 'Arafah/'Arafat or about 20 km (12 mi) southeast of Mecca. he started the rites of the pilgrimage. [65][66], Abraha marched upon the Ka'bah with a large army, which included one or more war elephants, intending to demolish it. Regardless, it was built several times before reaching its current state, the most famous of these renovations being the one by Abraham (Ibrahim in Islamic tradition). Be the first to like this name. Abdul Muttalib told the Meccans to seek refuge in the hills while he and some members of the Quraysh remained within the precincts of the Kaaba. [92] In addition to the Masjid al-Haram, pilgrims also must visit the nearby towns of Mina/Muna, Muzdalifah and Mount Arafat for various rituals that are part of the Hajj. Mecca became the center of a loose confederation of client tribes, which included those of the Banu Tamim. Overall, Meccan efforts to annihilate Islam failed and proved to be costly and unsuccessful. [57][58] and remained until the Conquest of Mecca by Muhammad. Music was not immediately broadcast, but gradually folk music was introduced. There has been speculation since 1646 that this could be a reference to Mecca, but many scholars see no compelling explanation to link the two names. The Black Stone is a stone, considered by scientists to be a meteorite or of similar origin and believed by Muslims to be of divine origin. This practice started in 1950, with the initiation of broadcasts on the Day of 'Arafah (9 Dhu al-Hijjah), and increased until 1957, at which time Radio Makkah became the most powerful station in the Middle East at 50 kW. However, it was also the time each year that disputes would be arbitrated, debts would be resolved, and trading would occur at Meccan fairs. 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