[58] Some common early 20th century eugenics methods involved identifying and classifying individuals and their families, including the poor, mentally ill, blind, deaf, developmentally disabled, promiscuous women, homosexuals, and racial groups (such as the Roma and Jews in Nazi Germany) as "degenerate" or "unfit", and therefore led to segregation, institutionalization, sterilization, and even mass murder. Other articles where Selective breeding is discussed: zoology: Applied zoology: …largely as a consequence of selective breeding and improved animal nutrition. Selective breeding (A.K.A artificial selection) is a procedure in which humans intentionally choose which traits they desire of an organism to pass on to their offspring. Selective breeding or artificial selection is when humans breed plants and animals for particular genetic characteristics. Alison Bashford and Philippa Levine. Science Fiction Studies, 27: 193-215", "Why we Should Defend Gene Editing as Eugenics", "Looking into the Shadow: Eugenics arguments in debates about reproductive technologies", "Deadly Medicine: Creating the Master Race", "Leilani Muir versus the philosopher king: Eugenics on trial in Alberta", List of varieties of genetically modified maize, Detection of genetically modified organisms, Misinformation related to the COVID-19 pandemic, Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science, The Skeptic Encyclopedia of Pseudoscience, List of topics characterized as pseudoscience, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eugenics&oldid=998326583, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2014, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. ", "Health and human rights leaders call for an international ban on species-altering procedures", "Beyond Abortion: Human Genetics and the New Eugenics", "Are We Too Close to Making Gattaca a Reality? “Selective Breeding.”, Biologydictionary.net Editors. A long-term, species-wide eugenics plan might lead to such a scenario because the elimination of traits deemed undesirable would reduce genetic diversity by definition. This was a situation where the local indigenous people were systematically controlled in a way that would slowly breed out their skin colour and culture. He demonstrated the event of genetic mutation occurring outside of inheritance involving the discovery of the hatching of a fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) with white eyes from a family with red eyes,[98] demonstrating that major genetic changes occurred outside of inheritance. [66] In spite of the decline in discriminatory eugenics laws, some government mandated sterilizations continued into the 21st century. A series of matings or breedings is then performed between the individuals with favored features to produce offspring that exhibit the feature and that can be used for future matings. [13] In ancient Greece, the philosopher Plato suggested selective mating to produce a guardian class. Another criticism is that eugenics policies eventually lead to a loss of genetic diversity, thereby resulting in inbreeding depression due to a loss of genetic variation. This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 21:56. [14] In Sparta, every Spartan child was inspected by the council of elders, the Gerousia, which determined if the child was fit to live or not. The authors write: “These results indicate that through selective breeding, humans have significantly altered the brains of different lineages of domestic dogs in different ways. In Australia there is something called “The Stolen Generation”. Typically, strains that are selectively bred are domesticated, and the breeding is normally done by a professional breeder. Natural selection is driven by environmental factors that limit survival and reproduction, such as harsh environments or competition for mates. Frederick Osborn's 1937 journal article "Development of a Eugenic Philosophy" framed it as a social philosophy—a philosophy with implications for social order. To jump from this to "make the later generations as genetically talented as possible," as Pence does, is a masterpiece of misinterpretation. What is Selective Breeding? [119] The Original position, a hypothetical situation developed by Rawls, has been used as an argument for negative eugenics. 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