later became the Animal Welfare Act. MAINTENANCE OF LABORATORY ANIMALS Proper management of animal facilities is essential to the welfare of animals, validity of research data, and health and safety of the animal care staff. Environmental changes are made with the goal of increasing the animals’ behavioral choices and drawing out their species-appropriate behaviors, thus enhancing animal welfare. Animal ethics • Term used to describe human-animal relationships and how animals ought to be managed and treated • The subject matter includes animal rights, animal welfare, animal law, animal cognition, wildlife conservation, the moral status of nonhuman animals, And the history of animal use PPS, MUHS, Nashik 1/16/2018 8 As our understanding of animal pain has developed, great progress has also been made in diagnosing and treating it, and it is now far more common to treat pain in animals used in research than it was many years ago. animal environments within the context of the animals’ behavioral biology and natural history. Read more here. Animals specifically considered include rodents, cats and dogs, nonhuman primates, agricultural animals, avian animals and aquatic animals. Laboratory Animal Welfare provides a comprehensive, up-to-date look into the new science of animal welfare within laboratory research. Source: Adapted from Formulary for Laboratory Animals, Hawk, Leary, and Morris 2005. The Animal Welfare Act (AWA), the law requiring records to be kept on laboratory animals, excludes mice, rats, and birds from its coverage. A good husbandary program provides a system of housing and care that permits animals to grow, mature , reproduce , and maintain good health. USDA oversight of care for dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, guinea pigs, and non-human primates and other mammals used in biomedical research and education. Note: If the amount of blood volume removed is 7.5% of total blood volume, allow 1 week recovery; if amount removed is 10%, allow 2 weeks recovery; if amount removed is 15%, allow 4 weeks recovery. Common Sites for Blood Collection: The website is free of charge, but you can contribute to its future by making a voluntary donation. AZA/BAG 1999 Enrichment Working Group Key Points: Other states of poor welfare. One such promising technique is heterospecific play, or “rat tickling”, which mimics aspects of rat rough-and-tumble play and can contribute to improving welfare, but may be infrequently implemented. You learn how to apply humane endpoints, which improves the scientific quality of your research. HOUSING: Caging and housing system: The caging or housing … 156 Introduction Laboratory rat welfare is critically influenced by laboratory animal personnel through their implementation, or lack of implementation, of various enrichment techniques. Animal welfare is a matter for both science and morality, and neither domain, acting alone, can adequately explain the issue or provide the answers. The total estimated number of animals used in research in the U.S. is 11-23 million; worldwide, the number of animals used is thought to be well over 100 million. Exempt: Birds, mice and … This website trains you how to monitor welfare in laboratory animals, identify endpoints and define responsibilities. 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