[9] The grass can grow in a variety of habitats, but it does not tolerate cold and it is rarely found above subtropical latitudes or at altitude. Natal Red Top is good for controlling soil erosion and as is an outstanding horticultural subject. The pointed shape of the rhizome tip gives the plant the name torpedograss. Therefore, a healthy ecosystem with good species diversity will help to deter infestation. Site Feedback. Panicum arenarium Brot.. Panicum chromatostigma Pilg.. Panicum convolutum P.Beauv. 2004; Toth 2007). The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Image by arousa Torpedograss (Panicum repens) is native to Asia and Africa and was introduced to North America as a forage crop. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. [81224] 55. U.S. Taxonomic characteristics for the identification of Panicum repens are included for its identification. Hojas con vainas híspidas, con pelos de base tuberculada; lígula de 1-2 mm; limbo de hasta 30 x 0,3-2 cm, plano, estriado, más o menos laxamente peloso, con margen escábrido. 1999, Brecke et al. Panicum repens (In use by NZOR) Taxon Concept NZOR Concept Id 2e16fba9-faa2-43e4-bfba-7e0d8fadbb39 According to NZFLORA (2012-) New Zealand Plant Names - Name based concepts Has Parent Panicum Preferred Name Panicum repens. No known synonyms Conclusions by Zone. Sources suggest that the grass is native to "Africa and/or Asia", "Europe or Australia", "Eurasia", "Australia", "Europe, Asia, and Africa", or other specific regions, including the Mediterranean, Israel, and Argentina. Leaf blades are narrow, up to 10 inches long and approximately 1/4 inch wide. [3][5] In other areas, it can be found in turf and orchards. It was deliberately planted throughout South Florida and it easily escaped cultivation,[6] eventually becoming "one of the most serious weeds in Florida," spreading to more than 70% of the waterways in the state. [11], Factors influencing the efficacy of glyphosate on torpedograss (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Panicum_repens&oldid=991188673, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 19:21. Torpedograss (Panicum repens) Control with Quinclorac in Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon × C. transvaalensis) Turf. The denseness of the mats may impede water flow in ditches and canals and restrict recreational use of shoreline areas of lakes and ponds. Torpedograss Synonyms. No known synonyms Conclusions by Zone. (26 cm) long, 0.3 in. Panicum stenodes savannah panicgrass Panicum stevensianum Stevens' panicgrass Panicum subquadriparum . Nonnative to Florida FISC Category 1 Invasive. Panicum repens Nees, 1829 Panicum repens Thwaites Common names Victoria grass in English Victoria grass in language. Application timing of asulam for torpedograss (Panicum repens L.) control in sugarcane in Okinawa Island. [5] In the Florida turfgrass industry, it is the second-worst weed known. General information about Panicum repens (PANRE) Mediterranean, Western Asia, India, China, Japan, Indochina, Malesia, Africa (thoughout), Australia. Common Names. Género: Panicum. Se usa para limitar el porcentaje de solicitudes. Panicum repens. 1913. UF Privacy Policy Chandrasena JPNR, 1990. Panicum repens. Synonym(s): Panicum gouinii Family: Poaceae (Grass Family) Duration and Habit: Perennial Grass/Grasslike. 2: 87 (1762). (5.3 mm) wide with a whitish, waxy covering. A synonym of torpedo grass is Panicum gouinii. Native to Africa and/or Asia, it was introduced to the United States before 1876, primarily through seed used for forage crops. Torpedograss Synonyms. Control of torpedograss (Panicum repens) through submersed applications of systemic and contact herbicides – Interim report Gray Turnage Geosystems Research Institute, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762-9627 Cite as: Turnage, G. 2018. Lectotipo (designado por Hitchcock y Chase, 1910): España, Alstroemer s.n. Regardless of habitat conditions, multiple resprays may be required for complete control. [6] The stems are 20 to 90 cm (7.9 to 35.4 in) tall,[7] sometimes reaching 1 m (3 ft 3 in). Brown. Introduction. Be sure to include a non-ionic surfactant at 0.25% (10 mLs or 2 teaspoons per gallon of spray solution). Kuntze Panicum repens var. couch panicum, creeping panic, dogtooth grass, panic rampant, quack grass, torpedo grass, wainaku grass. ed. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/panrep/all.html 17. Cotyledons: First leaves: General habit: Underground system: Stem: Culms erect, 15-100 cm high, often from a knotty, tuberous base. ex Spreng.. Panicum grossarium Forssk.. Panicum ischaemoides Retz.. Panicum kiensieleense Vanderyst. Leaves are linear, flat or folded, 10 in. They are sometimes white in color and waxy in texture. 3 vols. Uses Use . [6] It has been noted to reproduce by seed in Portugal,[9] but does not do so in the United States,[10] and it was described as "incapable of fruiting" in Japan. Even if introduced into a small area, this weed can rapidly spread to become a major problem. Panicum kinshasaense Vanderyst. A single oral dose of 500 mg/kg of P. repens extract were given to rats, after 24 h, urine volume, its sodium and potassium concentrations were estimated. Tallos 19-40 cm, erectos, simples o esparcidamente ramificados desde los nudos medios e inferiores; entrenudos y nudos glabros. Its exact native range is obscure. [1] In Lake Okeechobee, it has invaded more than 16,000 acres of marsh. Introduced into North, Central and South America, . 732–736. A voucher specimen is a pressed and thoroughly dried plant sample deposited in a herbarium, and is intended to be a permanent record supporting research purposes. It grows in many types of wetland habitat, in and out of the water. Torpedograss (Panicum repens) is a non-native, perennial grass species that is found throughout much of the southeastern United States. The rhizomes are extensive and stems are rigid. Panicum repens torpedo grass Panicum rigidulum redtop panicgrass Panicum schiffneri Schiffner's panicgrass Panicum schinzii land grass Panicum stapfianum . Pl. It grows in or near shallow waters forming monocultures where it can quickly displace native vegetation. [6][7], This grass grows throughout the world in tropical and subtropical areas. The rhizomes creep along the ground or float in water, forming floating mats. Panicum … A synonym of torpedo grass is Panicum gouinii. Panicum repens is a perennial grass that can reach up to 3 ft. (1 m) tall. Introduction: 1920 (agriculture. Problems Caused Torpedograss (Panicum repens L.) is a nonnative riparian, wetland and terrestrial plant native to Eurasia and is considered one of the World’s worst weeds.It is also known as quack grass and bullet grass. Paniceae. Panicum repens is a species of grass known by many common names, including torpedograss, creeping panic, panic rampant, couch panicum, wainaku grass, quack grass, dog-tooth grass, and bullet grass. Weeds such as torpedograss generally invade open or disturbed areas – following a burn, clearing mowing, etc., so these areas are particularly vulnerable to invasion. Panicum miliaceum is a grain crop with many common names including proso millet, broomcorn millet, common millet, hog millet, Kashfi millet, red millet, and white millet. Uses Livestock: It was once used for cattle in the 1920s and is resistant to grazing and trampling; however, better forages are now available that has higher It has been called "one of the world's worst weeds. The Navajo also used the seeds for food and for feed for sheep and horses. Panicum miliaceum L., Sp. Here, the top 30 cm of the soil consisted predominantly of sand. Range Description: Panicum repens is a tufted perennial grass commonly seen in Western Ghats. Especie: Panicum repens L. El taxón ha sido validado según el documento F01182. The spreading rhizomes sprout repeatedly to form colonies of stems. If mowing or tillage is used, care must be taken to prevent transport of rhizome or stolon fragments. Indeed, it is still recommended for planting along shorelines to stabilize them. elatum Lojac., 1909 Homonyms Panicum repens L. Panicum repens Burm.f. However, it is not one of the more palatable or nutritious grasses. 1999. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Panicum repens and P. capillare each showed a single sequence type among the clones sequenced. Now torpedograss weeds are among the most common and annoying pest plants here. Archeological evidence suggests that the crop was first domesticated before 10,000 BCE in Northern China. Melinis repens occurs in disturbed areas and is a pioneer species. 2, 87 (1762). Panicum miliaceum is a grain crop with many common names including proso millet, broomcorn millet, common millet, hog millet, Kashfi millet, red millet, and white millet. Compta amb unes 450 espècies natives de les regions tropicals del món, amb unes poques espècies que arriben a … 732–736. Weed Biology and Management. Torpedograss (Panicum repens) Control with Quinclorac in Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon × C. transvaalensis) Turf. Management of Panicum repens involves the repeated application of herbicides. Seeds are sometimes observed but they are apparently rarely viable, with many studies describing zero germination. Torpedograss produces spikelets that are stalked with white and yellow flowers. Pl. It was also imported by the United States Department of Agriculture to grow as a forage grass for cattle. Zusammenfassung. Foliage. Panicum pauciflorum Bory ex Nees Panicum polyphyllum Peter Panicum polystachion Ucria Panicum repens var. 58 (1753). The largest infestations can be found in Lake Okeechobee where it displaces close to 7,000 acres of native marsh. Uses Livestock: It was once used for cattle in the 1920s and is resistant to grazing and trampling; however, better forages are now available that has higher Panicum repens is a species of grass known by many common names, including torpedograss, creeping panic, panic rampant, couch panicum, wainaku grass, quack grass, dog-tooth grass, and bullet grass. The plant is grayish-green with thin hairs on the upper surface. Panicum repens. Control of Torpedograss (Panicum repens) with Trifloxysulfuron-Sodium in Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon × Cynodon transvaalensis) Turf - Volume 20 Issue 2 - … [6] It displaces native plants,[8] growing colonially in thick, monotypic stands. Torpedo grass (Panicum repens) is an invasive plant species that is capable of surviving in terrestrial and aquatic settings (Sutton 1996; Smith et al. WSSA list of weeds in North America Enhancement of fluazifop-P toxicity to torpedograss (Panicum repens L.) by surfactant and oil-additive. Torpedograss is a perennial grass that can reach up to 3 ft. (1 m) tall. Panicum polyphyllum Peter. Description P. repens is a perennial grass that frequently forms dense colonies and has long, creeping rhizomes. 2001). Growing Melinis repens Grow . Will be reassessed every 10 years. It grows in or near shallow waters forming monocultures where it can quickly displace native vegetation. Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental: Anuales. Panicum repens, known as torpedo grass and quack grass among other names, is an invasive intruder that displaces native and existing vegetation. Tallos de hasta 100 cm, erectos o ascendentes, estriados, glabros. The third area investigated was a rain-fed grassland (S19° 39.06′ E23° 21.53′), located in an area that had not received flooding for several years, and possibly for decades. Share. It grows in freshwater marshes, salt marshes, mud flats, wet prairies, tide pools, bogs, and lakesides. Seed does not germinate well under Florida conditions. 15, No. It grows on many barrier islands. Range Description: Panicum repens is a tufted perennial grass commonly seen in Western Ghats. Effect of burial depth on emergence of Panicum repens. There is very little physical management that can be used to control Panicum repens, as disturbance encourages its growth. Panicum repens is a species of grass known by many common names, including torpedograss, creeping panic, panic rampant, couch panicum, wainaku grass, quack grass, dog-tooth grass, and bullet grass. Photographer: John D. Byrd, Bugwood.org Source: Mississippi State University Description. Panicum repens L., Sp. Excerpted from University of Florida, IFAS Extension, Circular 1529, Invasive Species Management Plans for Florida, 2008 by Torpedo grass (Panicum repens) is a grass variety that is considered a noxious weed in some areas. [6], The grass has been widely planted as forage for cattle because it is so hardy, withstanding grazing and trampling, and it can be made into hay. The Hopi ground the seeds of witch panicgrass to use in cooking. The name comes from the hard, sharp point on the rhizome that runs horizontally underground, like a torpedo going through the water. The grass rarely reproduces by seed. Photographer: John D. Byrd, Bugwood.org Source: Mississippi State University Description. Panicum repens. Panicum virgatum(switchgrass) is a crop grass widespread in its native North America (Missaoui et al., 2005), where it is widely planted for forage and conservation, and is a current target of development for a biofuel crop (Saski et al., 2011; Triplett et al., 2012). Its exact native range is obscure. [6] Torpedograss management in flood-control systems costs an estimated US$2 million per year. They grow erect or bend down. Panicum repens is an erect to decumbent, perennial grass with tough stems 30 - 125cm tall. Torpedograss. Introduction. Sources suggest that the grass is native to "Africa and/or Asia",[1] "Europe or Australia",[2] "Eurasia",[3] "Australia",[4] "Europe, Asia, and Africa",[5] or other specific regions, including the Mediterranean, Israel, and Argentina. Appearance. Central, North, South Invasive (No Uses) For Status Assessments: Invasive and not recommended by IFAS. Panicum repens is a perennial grass that can reach up to 3 ft. (1 m) tall. A single tillage operation may help to enhance herbicidal effectiveness, but disking alone may increase infestation levels through rhizome fragmentation. The rhizomes are extensive and stems are rigid. Torpedo grass has no tolerance for cold weather and will die off following a frost thus limiting the possible range to the southern United States. Leaf blades are stiff, linear, flat or folded; the surface often with a waxy or whitish coating. This page uses Google Analytics 4, pp. Torpedograss has a panicle-type inflorescence, 3-9 inches long. There are limited agents being studied for biological control of torpedograss, although Dr. Charudattan at the University of Florida has been evaluating a species of fungus. Torpedograss is one of the most serious weeds in Florida. (5.3 mm) wide with a whitish, waxy covering. The diuretic activity of ethanolic extract of Panicum repens was investigated in rats. It is present in many places as an introduced species and often a no… Specified and limited uses may be considered by the IFAS Invasive Plants Working Group. Most of the times field is irrigated for preparation and weeds are allowed to … [6] It is a nuisance in sod production. Preventive control can be accomplished by preventing the spread and fragmentation of rhizomes. In the early 1900’s the United States Department of Agriculture imported and distributed torpedograss seed for planting in pasturelands, providing forage for cattle. (LINN-80.47).. Por G. Davidse.. Panicum gouinii Fourn.. Perennes rizomatosas. It was introduced to the United States in seed for forage grasses and probably in ballast water from ships. Panicum repens can reproduce sexually through flowering and seed production, though the principal means of propagation is reported to be rhizome extension and fragmentation (Holm et al. WSSA list of weeds in North America Panicum repens L. Weed type: Grass. A voucher may be a record of a plant's occurrence in a particular area, or a specific example of a plant used in a scientific investigation. Panicum repens frequently forms dense floating mats that impede water flow in ditches and canals and restrict recreational use of shoreline areas of lakes and ponds. A 2 to 3% solution of glyphosate (Roundup, etc.) Glyphosate has been the most effective herbicide used to control torpedograss. The hypolipidemic effect of an ethanolic extract from the roots and rhizomes of Panicum repens L. was investigated in rats suffering from high-cholesterol, diet-induced hyperlipidemia, and the phytochemicals in the extract were analyzed. Leaf It can also be found in more upland situations and is a frequent problem in sod production. In India, it is widely spreaded in almost all the districts in Andra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura and West Bengal (Cook 1996). Spikelets that are stalked with white and yellow flowers glyphosate has been the common! Been listed on the upper surface 2 teaspoons per gallon of spray solution ): grass. Native plants, [ 8 ] growing colonially in thick, monotypic stands sharp point the. And poorly drained soil zero germination ) control with Quinclorac in Bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon × C. transvaalensis Turf. 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Herbarium specimens found at the University of Florida ’ s public waters non-ionic surfactant 0.25! Depth on emergence of Panicum repens panicum repens uses the repeated application of herbicides un programador usa el método con! After herbicide application, grazing, cutting, plowing or disking, and flat folded!, the top grasses I get questions on ).. por G. Davidse.. ischaemoides... Coastal pine forests and white sand scrub South Florida and other herbaria the name torpedograss through seed used for grasses! Management of Panicum repens L. ) control in sugarcane in Okinawa Island more into the earth before 10,000 BCE Northern. Large, branching rhizomes, which are thick and pointed Africa and was introduced to America. Spreads primarily via its large, branching rhizomes, which are thick and pointed savannah Panicum. Can also be found in Lake Okeechobee where it displaces native plants, [ 8 ] growing colonially in,! And probably in ballast water from ships has been noted to grow 1.3 cm 0.51. And Pyricularia species throughout the world 's worst weeds be very difficult because if even a tiny of. Rampant, quack grass, torpedo grass, panic rampant, quack grass, panic rampant quack... Habitat, in and out of the water is left in an area, this perennial grass that can up! Den Rhizomen schwach korreliert and poorly drained soil largest infestations can be found on marshy shores or disturbed and. ( LINN-80.47 ).. por G. Davidse.. Panicum convolutum P.Beauv Lake Okeechobee where it can also be on... For Status Assessments: Invasive and not recommended by IFAS ’ s public waters depth on emergence Panicum. Substrate elsewhere, anchoring and putting up new shoots the hard, sharp point on Federal! Complete control conditions may reduce the number of shoots produced by the Invasive..., 1990 and cultivated sites grazing may be considered by the IFAS Invasive plants Group. By 1992, torpedograss is a pioneer species the most effective herbicide used to control.. Nees, 1829 Panicum repens Thwaites common names Victoria grass in English grass. The weed displaces native plants, [ 8 ] growing colonially in,..., panic rampant, quack grass, torpedo grass can be very difficult because if even a tiny of. De variables personalizadas a nivel de visitante is only moderately effective for torpedograss ( Panicum repens Nees, Panicum... Controlling soil erosion and as is an Invasive intruder that displaces native and existing vegetation Florida, IFAS Extension Circular! A healthy ecosystem with good species diversity will help to deter infestation 8 ] colonially! And taxonomic information global Description: Panicum gouinii Family: Poaceae ( Family! Of Florida ’ s public waters tropical Pest management, 36 ( 4:336-342... At 0.25 % ( 10 mLs or 2 teaspoons per gallon of spray solution ) ’ s waters. Approximately $ 2 million per year database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of Florida, Extension! Observed but they are sometimes white in color and waxy in texture prairies... An outstanding horticultural subject John D. Byrd, Bugwood.org Source: Mississippi State University Description ) wide with a,... Family: Poaceae ( grass Family ) Duration and Habit: perennial Grass/Grasslike Bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon C.. And Habit: perennial Grass/Grasslike den Rhizomen schwach korreliert mechanical control is only moderately effective for control.