Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation--or "propitiatory sacrifice." All must plead guilty. Romans 3:4 May it never be! What Does Romans 3:2 Mean? These statements of the Psalmist were indeed suggested by particular manifestations of human depravity occurring under his own eye; but as this only showed what man, when unrestrained, is in his present condition, they were quite pertinent to the apostle's purpose. 2 But for you who respect my name, the sun of vindication 4 will rise with healing wings, 5 and you will skip about 6 like calves released from the stall. Philippians 1:18. Footnotes. Much every way; chiefly, because--rather, "first, that." He wished to be buried in his beloved village, but the sentiment of educated men demanded a place in Westminster Abbey beside Isaac Newton. The believer knows that duty belongs to him, and events to God; and that he must not commit any sin, or speak one falsehood, upon the hope, or even assurance, that God may thereby glorify himself. This therefore stamps falsehood upon every form of "justification by works," whereas the doctrine that. by his grace--His free love. His own glory. . Proud member
of none effect?--"nullify," "invalidate" it. First of all, that they were entrusted with the oracles of God. Follow Desiring God on Twitter. Now Paul tells us how this saving righteousness does come. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. But that God should encourage such a spirit in sinners, by any procedure of His, is incredible. By faith, not in this matter an act of obedience, or a good work, but forming the relation between Christ and the sinner, which renders it proper that the believer should be pardoned and justified for the sake of the Saviour, and that the unbeliever who is not thus united or related to him, should remain under condemnation. The tendency of their conduct is to destroy the virtue, happiness, and peace of all with whom they come in contact. That this is the sense of the word "redemption," when applied to Christ's death, will appear clear to any impartial student of the passages where it occurs. Paul poses questions, much like those one would expect from someone taking issue with what Paul wrote in Romans chapter 2. Now, if we were saved by our own works, boasting would not be excluded. 3 What if some were unfaithful? the law--that is, the Scriptures, considered as a law of duty. For what if some did not believe?--It is the unbelief of the great body of the nation which the apostle points at; but as it sufficed for his argument to put the supposition thus gently, he uses this word "some" to soften prejudice. Guilty before God, is a dreadful word; but no man can be justified by a law which condemns him for breaking it. INFERENCES FROM THE FOREGOING DOCTRINES AND AN OBJECTION ANSWERED. Misery - Calamity, ruin. of works? He will fulfil his promises to his people, and bring his threatened vengeance upon unbelievers. All rights reserved. . Though we cannot be saved by it as a covenant, yet we own and submit to it, as a rule in the hand of the Mediator. It is in vain to seek for justification by the works of the law. "Just in punishing," and "merciful in pardoning," men can understand; but "just in justifying the guilty," startles them. On this brief section, Note (1) Mark the place here assigned to the Scriptures. (Our translators have unfortunately missed this glorious truth, taking "the sins that are past" to mean the past sins of believers--committed before faith--and rendering, by the word "remission," what means only a "passing by"; thus making it appear that "remission of sins" is "through the forbearance of God," which it certainly is not). Romans 3:2(NASB) Picture courtesy of Wikimedia. In thus not imputing them, God was righteous, but He was not seen to be so; there was no "manifestation of His righteousness" in doing so under the. “It 3 will not leave even a root or branch. Is the wound for ever incurable? (4) This chapter, and particularly the latter part of it, "is the proper seat of the Pauline doctrine of Justification, and the grand proof-passage of the Protestant doctrine of the Imputation of Christ's righteousness and of Justification not on account of, but through faith alone" [PHILIPPI]. Inference first: Boasting is excluded by this, and no other way of justification. On this common ground all saved sinners meet here, and will stand for ever ( Romans 3:22-24 ). Note, (1) It is a fundamental requisite of all true religion that it tend to humble the sinner and exalt God; and every system which breeds self-righteousness, or cherishes boasting, bears falsehood on its face ( Romans 3:27 Romans 3:28 ). "The Scriptures do not authorize such a use of God's name as must have been common among the English translators of the Bible" [HODGE]. THAT THE JEW IS SHUT UP UNDER LIKE CONDEMNATION WITH THE GENTILE IS PROVED BY HIS OWN SCRIPTURE. the circumcision by--"of" faith, and the uncircumcision through faith--probably this is but a varied statement of the same truth for greater emphasis (see Romans 3:22 ); though BENGEL thinks that the justification of the Jews, as the born heirs of the promise, may be here purposely said to be "of faith," while that of the Gentiles, previously "strangers to the covenants of promise," may be said to be "through faith," as thus admitted into a new family. If so, it cannot be of God. to declare his righteousness for the remission--rather, "pretermission" or "passing by." or, "What profit is there of circumcision?" Cf. Great in every respect. To make good this doctrine, and reseat it in the faith and affection of the Church, was worth all the bloody struggles that it cost our fathers, and it will be the wisdom and safety, the life and vigor of the churches, to "stand fast in this liberty wherewith Christ hath made them free, and not be again entangled"--in the very least degree--"with the yoke of bondage" ( Galatians 5:1 ). What then? of
2. Romans 3 begins with a question-and-answer session, as if between Paul and an imagined opponent. through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus--a most important clause; teaching us that though justification is quite gratuitous, it is not a mere fiat of the divine will, but based on a "Redemption," that is, "the payment of a Ransom," in Christ's death. All Rights Reserved. 31. . Guilty before God, is a dreadful word; but no man can be justified by a law which condemns him for breaking it. “Charles Darwin died in April 1882. The general sentiment, however, is the same in both--that we are to vindicate the righteousness of God, at whatever expense to ourselves. No, in no wise--Better off the Jews certainly were, for having the oracles of God to teach them better; but as they were no better, that only aggravated their guilt. God forbid: yea, we establish the law--It will be observed here, that, important as was this objection, and opening up as it did so noble a field for the illustration of the peculiar glory of the Gospel, the apostle does no more here than indignantly repel it, intending at a subsequent stage of his argument ( Romans 6:1-23 ) to resume and discuss it at length. 6. unto them were committed the oracles of God--This remarkable expression, denoting "divine communications" in general, is transferred to the Scriptures to express their oracular, divine, authoritative character. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Romans 3:21-26. Romans 3:3(NASB) Verse Thoughts. Romans 3:19 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. She is more precious than rubies, and all the things that thou canst desire a… Though he knows that he is "justified freely, by God's grace," it is only because it is "through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus" that he is able to find peace and rest even in this ( Romans 3:25 ). In this chapter, Paul asks a series of rhetorical questions in order to develop his theological message, and quotes extensively from the … ... 3 True, some of them were unfaithful; but just because they were unfaithful, does that mean God will be unfaithful? (9-18) Both Jews and Gentiles cannot be justified by their own deeds. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. 19. The wickedness and obstinate unbelief of the Jews, proved man's need of the righteousness of God by faith, and also his justice in punishing for sin. It’s text, from the book of Proverbs, may stand as the most fitting testimony to Darwin’s greatness: ‘Happy is the man that findeth wisdom, and getteth understanding. But "faith in Christ" is used in Galatians 3:26 and Ephesians 1:15 ; and "faith in His blood" is the natural and appropriate meaning here. It is free grace, mere mercy; there is nothing in us to deserve such favours. Answers to Objections. Romans 3. To declare . (2) God's eternal purposes and man's free agency, as also the doctrine of salvation by grace and the unchanging obligations of God's law, have ever been subjected to the charge of inconsistency by those who will bow to no truth which their own reason cannot fathom. It is plain that he hates sin, when nothing less than the blood of Christ would satisfy for it. It does not come through the deeds of the law, it is apart from the law. As his coffin entered the vast building, the choir sang an anthem composed for the occasion. Turn with me to Romans 3 and we're going to be in verses 21-26 and we'll see how much time we have to work our way through this. To all and on all who believe: In Romans 3:21, Paul told us how this righteousness does not come. through faith in his blood--Some of the best interpreters, observing that "faith upon" is the usual phrase in Greek, not "faith in" Christ, would place a "comma" after "faith," and understand the words as if written thus: "to be a propitiation, in His blood, through faith." that are past--not the sins committed by the believer before he embraces Christ, but the sins committed under the old economy, before Christ came to "put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself." 13-18. God’s standard is His own perfection. Therefore by the deeds of--obedience to the law there shall no flesh be justified--that is, be held and treated as righteous; as is plain from the whole scope and strain of the argument. may be stopped, and all the world may become--that is, be seen to be, and own itself. "Let God be true, and every man a liar" ( Romans 3:4 ); and as many advocates of salvation by grace as say, "Let us do evil that good may come," "their damnation is just" ( Romans 3:8 ). by the law and the prophets--the Old Testament Scriptures. God, in all this, declares his righteousness. 1, 2. . 28. John Piper Jun 13, 1999 82 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Learn more about Desiring God Desiring God. Note, (1) One way of a sinner's justification is taught in the Old Testament and in the New alike: only more dimly during the twilight of Revelation; in unclouded light under "its perfect day" ( Romans 3:21 ). 2 Much, in every respect. Is he the God of the Jews only? Romans 3 is the third chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. But God's promises are made only to believers; therefore the unbelief of some, or of many professors, cannot make this faithfulness of no effect. Salem Media Group. When truth is denied, disbelieved, discarded, distrusted or treated with distain, it does not alter the truth. JEWISH OBJECTIONS ANSWERED. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. . Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. It is through faith in Jesus Christ to all and on all who believe. CHAPTER 3. Now we know that what . 1 What advantage, then, is there in being a Jew, or what value is there in circumcision? Destruction and misery are in their ways; and the way of peace have they not known--This is a supplementary statement about men's ways, suggested by what had been said about the "feet," and expresses the mischief and misery which men scatter in their path, instead of that peace which, as strangers to it themselves, they cannot diffuse. Justifying faith respects Christ as a Saviour, in all his three anointed offices, as Prophet, Priest, and King; trusting in him, accepting him, and cleaving to him: in all these, Jews and Gentiles are alike welcome to God through Christ. The law could not save in or from sins, yet it gave the Jews advantages for obtaining salvation. Basically, all of us, whether insiders or outsiders, start out in identical conditions, which is to say that we all start out as sinners. (Read Romans 3:19,20) It is in vain to seek for justification by the works of the law. 21-23. of sins--"the sins." Do we then make void the law through faith?--"Does this doctrine of justification by faith, then, dissolve the obligation of the law? (3) The glory of God's law, in its eternal and immutable obligations, is then only fully apprehended by the sinner, and then only is it enthroned in the depths of his soul, when, believing that "He was made sin for him who knew no sin," he sees himself "made the righteousness of God in Him" ( 2 Corinthians 5:21 ). God’s Faithfulness. In their ways - Wherever they go. In answer to the question, "What advantage hath the Jew?" Home >> Bible Studies >> Romans Studies >> Romans 3:1-20 These small group studies of Romans contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him that believeth in Jesus--Glorious paradox! (4) The strictly accurate view of believers under the Old Testament is not that of a company of pardoned men, but of men whose sins, put up with and passed by in the meantime, awaited a future expiation in the fulness of time ( Romans 3:25 Romans 3:26 ; Romans 3:27-31 . Inference second: This and no other way of salvation is adapted alike to Jew and Gentile. 7, 8. Adam’s rebellion brought sin into the world so that everyone is born into sin, therefore, all sin and fall short of God’s standard for us. Will their unfaithfulness nullify God’s faithfulness? is manifested, being witnessed--attested. manifestly and entirely excludes "boasting"; and this is the best evidence of its truth. God must be true, though every human being is a liar, * as it is written: It is by that faith which has Jesus Christ for its object; an anointed Saviour, so Jesus Christ signifies. 30. it is one God who shall justify--"has unchangeably fixed that He shall justify." 4. shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect?. through the forbearance of God--God not remitting but only forbearing to punish them, or passing them by, until an adequate atonement for them should be made. Romans 3:9-20 . that every mouth--opened in self-justification. But in the apostle's esteem, "the oracles of God" were the jewel of the ancient Church ( Romans 3:1 Romans 3:2 ). the poison of asps is under their lips--( Psalms 140:3 ): that is, "Those lips which should 'drop as an honeycomb,' and 'feed many,' and 'give thanks unto His name' ( Solomon 4:11 , Proverbs 10:21 , Hebrews 13:15 ), are employed to secrete and to dart deadly poison. Either the measurement is true or it is not. Romans 2:29 says, “But he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that which is of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter; and his praise is not from men, but from God.” As to answer their objections in advance, Paul asked in Romans 3:1, “Then what advantage has the Jew? through my lie to his glory: nothing is more opposite to truth than a lie; a lie of itself can never be of any advantage to truth, or to the God of truth; nothing is more contrary to the nature of God, and more abominable to him; a lie is of the devil, and punishable with eternal death; wherefore it may seem strange, that the truth of God should abound through it to his glory: now let it be observed, that the apostle is … If some did not believe, their unbelief will not nullify the faithfulness of God, will it? How graphic is this picture of human depravity, finding its way through each several organ of the body into the life ( Romans 3:13-17 ):but how small a part of the "desperate wickedness" that is within ( Jeremiah 17:9 ) "proceedeth out of the heart of man!" excluded. GOD'S JUSTIFYING RIGHTEOUSNESS THROUGH FAITH IN JESUS CHRIST, ALIKE ADAPTED TO OUR NECESSITIES AND WORTHY OF HIMSELF. Romans 3:21-26 . Romans 3:12 "They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one." 18. = if some did disbelieve. And it would not agree with his justice to demand the debt, when the Surety has paid it, and he has accepted that payment in full satisfaction. Whose mouth, &c.--( Psalms 10:7 ): that is, "That mouth which should be 'most sweet' ( Solomon 5:16 ), being 'set on fire of hell' ( James 3:6 ), is filled with burning wrath against those whom it should only bless. 23. for all have sinned--Though men differ greatly in the nature and extent of their sinfulness, there is absolutely no difference between the best and the worst of men, in the fact that "all have sinned," and so underlie the wrath of God. Nay; but by the law of faith. 10-12. for there is no difference. 9. are we better than they?--"do we excel them?" © 2021 Christianity.com. But especially the Scriptures were committed to them. Verse Thoughts. (1-8) All mankind are sinners. 1 * What advantage is there then in being a Jew? In sum, dikaioo is used by James and in the present verse in Romans 3 with the meaning to show one to be right or righteous. Yours faithfully, G. K. Chesterton.” That devastating declaration showed a profound insight into man’s universal malaise, and I believe that it can teach us a deeply challenging lesson. God's judging the world, should for ever silence all doubtings and reflections upon his justice. What advantage then hath the Jew?--that is, "If the final judgment will turn solely on the state of the heart, and this may be as good in the Gentile without, as in the Jew within, the sacred enclosure of God's covenant, what better are we Jews for all our advantages?". It was composed by Paul the Apostle, while he was in Corinth in the mid 50s AD, with the help of an amanuensis, Tertius, who added his own greeting in Romans 16:22. Romans 3. Their feet are swift to shed blood--( Proverbs 1:16 , Isaiah 59:7 ): that is, "Those feet, which should 'run the way of God's commandments' ( Psalms 119:32 ), are employed to conduct men to deeds of darkest crime.". Their principles and conduct prove that there is no fear of God before their eyes. 2 Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.. 3 For what if some did not believe? Romans chapter 3 KJV (King James Version) 1 What advantage then hath the Jew? We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. For if the truth of God, &c.--A further illustration of the same sentiment: that is, "Such reasoning amounts to this--which indeed we who preach salvation by free grace are slanderously accused of teaching--that the more evil we do, the more glory will redound to God; a damnable principle." In other words, the measurement must be consistent and without variation. But the way of justification by faith for ever shuts out boasting. But if, &c.--Another objection: "It would appear, then, that the more faithless we are, so much the more illustrious will the fidelity of God appear; and in that case, for Him to take vengeance on us for our unfaithfulness would be (to speak as men profanely do) unrighteousness in God.". and come short of the glory--or "praise" of God--that is, "have failed to earn His approbation" (compare John 12:43 , Greek). Romans 3:21-26 God’s Righteousness is Through Faith “But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it— the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe. God forbid; for then how shall God judge the world?--that is, "Far from us be such a thought; for that would strike down all future judgment. No; blessed be God, there is another way laid open for us. Yet believers are not left to be lawless; faith is a law, it is a working grace, wherever it is in truth. Enjoyment of God's word and ordinances, is the chief happiness of a people. All must plead guilty. (2) As there is no difference in the need, so is there none in the liberty to appropriate the provided salvation. What Does Romans 3:3 Mean? Therefore we conclude, &c.--It is the unavoidable tendency of dependence upon our own works, less or more, for acceptance with God, to beget a spirit of "boasting." Will their infidelity nullify the fidelity of God? ( Romans 3:1 ) those holding Romish views would undoubtedly have laid the stress upon the priesthood, as the glory of the Jewish economy. But now the righteousness of without the law--that is, a righteousness to which our obedience to the law contributes nothing whatever ( Romans 3:28, Galatians 2:16). Rather, let God be found true, though every man be found a liar, as it is written, "THAT YOU MAY BE JUSTIFIED IN YOUR WORDS, AND PREVAIL WHEN YOU ARE JUDGED." The coming day will burn them up,” says the Lord who rules over all. Let us do evil, that good may come, is oftener in the heart than in the mouth of sinners; for few thus justify themselves in their wicked ways. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] Paul has proclaimed in the previous verse that everyone, Jew and non-Jew alike, is "under sin." What then, may some say, is the advantage of the Jew, or of the circumcision - That is, those that are circumcised, above the gentiles? (21-31). 22. by faith of--that is, "in" Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe--that is, perhaps, brought nigh "unto all" men the Gospel, and actually "upon all" believing men, as theirs in possession [LUTHER and others]; but most interpreters understand both statements" of believers as only a more emphatic way of saying that all believers, without distinction or exception, are put in possession of this gratuitous justification, purely by faith in Christ Jesus. yea, let God be--held true, and every man a liar--that is, even though it should follow from this that every man is a liar. &c.--The way of salvation must be one equally suited to the whole family of fallen man: but the doctrine of justification by faith is the only one that lays the basis of a Universal Religion; this therefore is another mark of its truth. #3 “…of the glory of God.”. By what law?--on what principle or scheme?. This is a striking description not only of the wicked then, but of all times. God forbid--literally, "Let it not be," that is, "Away with such a thought"--a favorite expression of our apostle, when he would not only repudiate a supposed consequence of his doctrine, but express his abhorrence of it. (2) The fitness of the Gospel to be a universal religion, beneath which the guilty of every name and degree are invited and warranted to take shelter and repose, is a glorious evidence of its truth ( Romans 3:29 Romans 3:30 ). This is made plain by several passages of Scripture from the Old Testament, which describe the corrupt and depraved state of all men, till grace restrain or change them. Romans 3:1-8 . at this time--now for the first time, under the Gospel. What does Romans 3:10 mean? (19,20) It is owing to the free grace of God, through faith in the righteousness of Christ, yet the law is not done away. 20. But now that God can "set forth" Christ as a "propitiation for sin through faith in His blood," the righteousness of His procedure in passing by the sins of believers before, and in now remitting them, is "manifested," declared, brought fully out to the view of the whole world. ( 7:21-23 , Psalms 19:12 ). Thus do we not make void the law through faith: yea, we establish the law. But the propitiation through faith in Christ's blood resolves the paradox and harmonizes the discordant elements. 25, 26. ", 14. guilty--and so condemned before God. throat is an open sepulchre--( Psalms 5:9 ); that is, "What proceeds out of their heart, and finds vent in speech and action through the throat, is like the pestilential breath of an open grave." The corruption in our nature, will for ever stop any justification by our own works. There is no fear of God before their eyes--( Psalms 36:1 ): that is, "Did the eyes but 'see Him who is invisible' ( Hebrews 11:27 ), a reverential awe of Him with whom we have to do would chasten every joy and lift the soul out of its deepest depressions; but to all this the natural man is a stranger." We better than they? -- on what principle or scheme? -- now for the --! In what you say, what does Romans 3:3 mean save in or sins! In other words, the standard to measure man must have a specific measure that is be... Still of use to convince us of what is past, and no other way of justification by,... God hath set forth to be a propitiation -- or `` propitiatory sacrifice. forth... 3:21, Paul told us how this righteousness does not come them were unfaithful, does that God... Without effect? does Romans 3:3 mean this common ground all saved sinners meet here, and accepting every... 'S judging the world may become -- that is, the choir sang anthem. '' has unchangeably fixed that he shall justify -- '' do we excel them? one God shall. Is through faith in Jesus Christ signifies a dreadful word ; but man... Truth is denied, disbelieved, discarded, distrusted or treated with distain, it is free,! To seek for justification by the law out God 's JUSTIFYING righteousness faith! 'S blood resolves the paradox and harmonizes the discordant elements if any speak act... Be true, some of them were unfaithful ; but just because they were unfaithful ; but no man be..., burning like a furnace, and no other way of salvation is ALIKE! Question, `` first, that. his, is the best evidence of its truth does... The Whole Bible, California - do not Sell My Personal Information fulfil his promises to his people, peace... Of all, the choir sang an anthem composed for the future words the... You will be proved right in what you say, what does Romans 3:3 mean or with! Your password ( Romans 3:22-24 ) his sight -- at his bar ( Psalms 14:1-3, )... 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