abby singer (shot). Learn vocabulary film production with free interactive flashcards. Aspect ratio is the relative length and width of an image. It is then projected at a standard speed, making the playback appear slower than in actuality. A screener is a physical copy of a film sent to film critics and awards voters. Iconography is the use of a famous icon or symbol. New Hollywood is a film movement that took place in the United States from roughly 1967-1976. The best stop motion movies are able to achieve incredible levels of realism. It was a popular, albeit controversial, process in the 1980s when classic films received modern updates. It does not necessarily have to be tied to the plot. When you need to update your film terminology, this resource will be your best friend. It provides backstory on the events and actions presently taking place. Types of Shots in Film Explained. The most prominent actor in a film will generally have top billing. It was created by Garrett Brown, and the operator uses a mechanical harness to take smooth, steady shots, even when the camera needs to move. le film - film, movie le cinéma - movie theater Overcranking is a technique when a camera’s frame rate exceeds 24 frames per second. an effect used to produce scenes that cannot be achieved by normal techniques (especially on film) score. It is also known as three-strip color. It is also the rigger’s job to construct the scaffolding. However, a cue can also come from the director or from within the script. It is usually those who have dialogue. This can either be due to its artistic merits or its technological prowess. Hitting a mark is for actors moving to the correct position during rehearsals and while the camera rolls. fg. The camera tilts up to capture the character or action, making the subject seem larger than life or more formidable. a written form of a musical composition. 35mm prints of films have dual optical sound tracks while 70mm films have six magnetic tracks as well as multi-channel playback. Each size of fresnel has a different nickname. A lens is an optical glass placed in a camera through which light can pass through. Sample resume for a film production professional Just as movies and TV shows don't make it to the screen without scores of people both on and off set, your resume has a lot of components that work together to a single goal: Getting you a new job. Realism is a style of filmmaking that aims to present the film as realistically as possible. A tint is a use of color to make film stock appear in a different shading to attain a desired mood. Synonyms: flick, flicker, motion picture… Find the right word. You also need the knowledge and skills that are necessary to turn a page of dialogue into a full-fledged production. Balance is an overarching term about how the light, movement, and sound all work together within a single scene. See more. Usually, these will be in separate places or locations, and the cut combines the two. The second most prominent actor will have second billing and so forth. Whether you love attending film festivals, watching movies, or just reading reviews, you'll want to learn some French vocabulary related to movies. A prequel is a later film in a franchise that presents events and/or characters that are set chronologically before the time of the original movie. In recent years, it has been supplanted to new digital formats. Our mission is to make the production experience more streamlined, efficient, and pleasant. It produces amazing high-definition sharpness on movies projected onto screens eight-stories high. Today, electronic clappers have come into style. There are unions for writers, actors, directors, and others to help those workers negotiate contracts, pursue rights, and receive recognition. Spaghetti westerns were generally filmed in Spain or Italy during the 1960s and they were often characterized by sparse dialogue and low production values. First, there is a fade to black. A matte shot is the process of optically combining or compositing separate shots into one print. They are sometimes linked together by a theme, but it is not necessary. Related Words. It is the exhibitor’s calculation of what it will take to lease a theater, run it, and staff it. Favor On is when the camera focuses or highlights a certain subject or action within a shot. Examples of biopics include The Last Emperor and Rocketman. Family Guy has become famous for its cutaway shots. It could also set up a movie’s story. A simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison, showing similarities between two different things using the words “like” or “as.”. Jobs in film production are projected to grow by 13% (or 7,600 jobs) from 2016 through 2026, which is faster than average, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). It can help tie a film together, much like a framing device. abstract (form). Whether you’re working on your first or 100th film, there is always something new to learn. There are all different kinds of clamps you’ll use on set. A Satire is a ridiculing, mocking film that targets social, religious, political, or economic institutions. A coda is the word meaning “tail” in Italian. or non-diegetic sound (e.g., scored music, narration, etc.). Symmetry is when two halves of an image (or a story) that distinctly mirror each other. For those working in any of the production departments, if you are a greenhorn or have worked less than 300 hours on a union feature film set, then your job will be a production assistant. Depth of Focus is directly related to depth of field. This value is based on criteria like set design and costumes. NOTE: The film and video industries are closely related, and much about video production mirrors film production. Pre-production usually involves script treatment, scheduling, casting, set design, and financial planning. They have a campy appeal and often contain exploitative subject matter, such as cheap horror flicks that are even worse than B-movies. A character study is the film where characterizations come first while the plot and narrative come second. Non-diegetic sound includes the musical score and narration. In some comedies, bloopers will play over the end credits. In order to make it big in the film industry, you need to understand that production company names are as big of a deal as you aspire to be. A mask is the act of blocking out or covering up part of the camera frame with darkness or opaqueness. entertainment industry. sweetening Post-production process of adding music and sound effects or otherwise enhancing the existing audio with filters and other effects. Omniscient point of view is a  in which the narrator knows everything going on. Contrast is the difference in light and shadow in a scene. A Character Actor is a specific type of actor who specializes in portraying unique, offbeat, colorful characters. There is also the hope the spec script itself will be purchased or optioned. (absurdism). An Enfant terrible is a French word meaning “terrible baby.” It refers to a young director who is brash or egotistical. Animation is a type of filmmaking in which individual drawings of inanimate, static objects are filmed one frame at a time. Extreme close-ups are typically done on actors to showcase their eyes, mouth, or another singular part of the body. This motif can be a person, sound, action, or idea. Reverse motion is a camera trick created by running the film backwards within the camera or in the middle of optical printing. A reel is the metal or plastic spool for winding film. A Z-movie is an independently-made, low-budgeted, and often non-union movie with first-time directors and actors. Pre-Production is the planning stage of a production after a movie has been greenlighted. Backlighting is the lighting placed behind the subject so that it faces the camera and helps to separate the subject from the background. A Dark Horse is a little-known movie that goes on to become a massive hit either financially or on the awards circuit. This moves from a wide-angle shot to a telephoto one in a single, seamless motion. But wait! Related Words runs on several different algorithms which compete to get their results higher in the list. It is often used in dialogue scenes and can be combined with an over-the-shoulder shot. Special Effects is a broad term for fantastical audio and visual illusions that could not have been filmed by normal means. A motif is a recurring thematic element in a movie that is repeated to add to its significance. It is necessary for the director to figure out camera positioning, sound, and lighting. Storyboard For example, the soundtrack could connect two scenes instead of visual images. When a film suggests a correspondence or resemblance with a visible part of the film (character or event) to an abstract meaning that exists outside of the film. A screen is a mesh on a metal frame used to cut the intensity of light without blocking it out. The main storyline is known as the A story while the subplot is referred to as the B story. It’s often used in documentary films or Cinéma Vérité works. The pacing can be enhanced by the speed of the dialogue, the soundtrack, and the style of editing used. Another word for this would be “subtitles.”. Slow Motion is running film through a camera at a faster than typical rate. It is the main source of light in a 3-point lighting setup. An overture is the opening credits or pre-credits in a film. Writing exposition is particularly tricky when trying to weave it into the script organically. A crane shot is the camera shot taken from a huge camera dolly or another electronic device, such as a crane, resembling an extendable arm or boom. A walk-through is the first rehearsal done on a film’s set. Fortunately, you can return to this list any time you need a refresher or before you head back to a film set. A Fresnel (pronounced “fruh-NELL,”) is is a hard-lensed light that comes in different sizes. Neo-Realism is an innovative movement in the late 1940s and '50s that has roots in Italy. It is typically done to create a sense of unease within the viewer. So how can you break put from the pack and get your idea onto the small screen? A Klieglight is a powerful type of carbon-arc lamp that creates an intense light. It takes typically serious subjects, such as death and war, and treats them with macabre humor. White balance is a camera setting that establishes the true color of white. A dissolve is a transitional edit between two scenes, shots, or sequences in which the image of one shot is slowly replaced, blended, or superimposed with a different image. show biz. Camera movement is the act of moving the camera to capture various angles and perspectives. This differs from on-location shoots where the team goes to an actual part of the city to film. A Gate is a mechanism inside a camera or projector that holds the film steady as it passes by the lens. It was popularized in Germany in the 1920s and '30s, often characterized by dramatic lighting, grotesque shots and dark visual images. An Art-House is a niche movie theater that specializes in playing non-mainstream indie films, foreign films, or small-budget films. In Alien, the tagline is “In space, no one can hear you scream” is one of the best taglines ever. Film: a story told by means of a series of continuously projected pictures and a sound track. Soft focus is an effect cinematographers use when applying vaseline or a filter over the camera lens to reduce sharpness. The company introduced its first film logo in 1973. Visual effects are a subcategory of special effects. Single Reel – In 35mm a reel is 1,000 feet of film (or usually a little less). In this free film and cinema vocabulary activity, students play a game of dominoes by matching film-related words with their definitions. This produces a baseline from which all other colors are measured. They can either be achieved through CGI or through special techniques, such as rear projection and double exposures. Some synonyms include “in process,” “in the queue,” or “in the works.”. This is used to increase the dramatic effect or create an “antique” aesthetic. A Butterfly is a large sheet of fabric used to diffuse a wide area of light. The performer may receive a call-back for additional readings. The producer is in charge of raising funds, acquiring a story, hiring key personnel, finalizing the script, and arranging for distribution. A capsule review is an incredibly short movie review. Find more ways to say film, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. An anthology film is a movie with multiple parts or segments devoted to differing narratives. DuronTheGod. Wages, working hours and locations vary, depending on the size of the production you're working on and the level of funding behind it. Macauley Culkin and Drew Barrymore were famous child actors. However, some argue that it is much better to simply say “mind your eyes, light coming on.” A scene or sequence (sometime an entire film), that is inserted into a scene in "present" time and that deals with the past. While it is less common in modern filmmaking, every now and then you might hear someone yell “ striking ” when turning on a light. For example, the great white shark in Finding Nemo is named Bruce, the name of the mechanical shark used for Jaws. A Crew is the collective of individuals involved with the technical aspect of shooting a movie. celluloid. A flash-forward can also go from the past to the present. Coogan's Law is the landmark legislation passed in the late 1930s intended to protect the earnings from child actors. Film Terms Glossary Cinematic Terms. Words for Movies & TV. These films are usually defined by the loss of innocence, attaining sexual identity, and/or living out childhood dreams. It’s typically the final scene in a movie and is also known as the resolution. footlights. Ambient light is typically soft, that exists around the subject of the scene. CGI. Find another word for filmmaking. It is often phrased as “[Actor] inked a deal to star in [film].”. “Abby Singer” reminds the crew that they are not done quite yet but soon will be. It usually refers to a clumsy, contrived, or illogical intervention that alleviates the tension through something other than a character’s actions. In the Die Hard franchise, John McClane’s catchphrase is, “Yippee-ki-yay, motherf*cker,” one of the best one-liners in cinema history. Below is a massive list of film industry words - that is, words related to film industry. New Line Cinema, also known as New Line Productions Inc is a film production studio of Warner Bros. It is generally coupled with a reaction shot to establish the point of view. It can also be referred to as a hard-top or a passion pit. A storyboard is a sequential series of rough sketches or stills showing what will happen in the movie. A composition is the way in which different elements of a scene are arranged on the frame. A Grip is a crew member who sets up dolly tracks, moving props, camera cranes, and other pieces of equipment. This helps match the dialogue with the actor’s lip movements on screen. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Bookends are when the opening and end scenes of a film complement one another. This is often a director who is innovative but uses unorthodox techniques. When multiple images appear in fast enough succession, the brain blends them into a single, persistent, moving image. A Best Boy is the aide, assistant, or technical assistant for the key grip or gaffer. Abby Singer is both a 1st AD and a film production term that refers to the penultimate, or second-to-last, shot of the production day. Subtext encourages the audience to read between the lines to discern the true meaning of a film. Dogme 95 is the filmmaker collective founded by Lars von Trier and Thomas Vinterberg in 1995 that established a clear set of rules and philosophy that rejected contrived camera work and special effects in lieu of “honest” and “truthful” storytelling. Special effects include in-camera effects, miniatures, CGI, rear-camera projections, and stop motion animation. It also refers to a specific sequence of events depicted in the movie. A related side effect of the increasingly high cost of film production was the subordination of the independent unit producer. Blocking a shot is the process by which a director determines where the actors stand, where the lights will shine, and how the camera will be positioned. 10 synonyms of filmmaking from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 4 related words, definitions, and antonyms. In a script, a voice-over is abbreviated as “V.O.”. A flash-forward is the opposite of a flashback. When the shot returns, time has jumped between the two scenes. A dub is the process of inserting a new soundtrack into a movie or adding a new soundtrack of music, sound effects, or dialogue following production. It works particularly well for 3D movies. Although the list is exhausting, we have added all that we have and keep on out steps to collect more and more words. A bounce board is a device used to reflect light during filming. Disney movies have a bumper of a magical castle, for example. Focus The sharpness of th image. A rush is a print of the camera footage from one day’s worth of shooting. It is also known as a house nut. Many times, this flashback has occurred prior to the first frame in the film. A reaction shot is a cutaway that showcases a character’s or group’s response to a piece of dialogue or event. Wide angle lenses are used with small lens apertures to create a sharp focus in both distant and nearby planes within the same shot. A montage is a French term meaning “assembling shots” or “putting together.” It’s a film technique for putting together a series of short shots that create a composite picture. A prologue is typically a brief scene, preface, or speech preceding the main plot of the movie. An allegory is essential an extended metaphor. StudioBinder is a film production software built out of Santa Monica, CA. An unreliable narrator is a character whose perspective we follow in the story but lacks a certain degree of credibility. A convention is a typical element audiences expect out of certain genres of film without question. This is achieved by shooting at a slower speed than the usual 24 frames per second. Occasionally used to re-dub one actor’s voice with another: see, for … Overexposed is an adjective describing a shot that has more light than recommended, resulting in a washed-out, blinding effect. A Chimera is a cloth frame that attaches to a hard light and turns it into diffused light. The head grip receives direction from the gaffer. A jump cut is an abrupt transitional device that breaks up a continuous shot. The axis of action is an imaginary line that runs between the two primary actors in a scene. In film, this generally occurs when one movie is referenced in a different film. It is often accompanied by a P.O.V. The top domino from the pile is then placed face up on the table. Find words and phrases to describe movies, TV shows, and any form of live drama. ... Video/Film Production Vocabulary. The two individuals are then linked to each other, and the audience understands their positions. A tracking shot is where the camera moves alongside the subject throughout a space. See more. In writing, the foreground is generally abbreviated as b.g. It typically captures the actor from the waist up, while a medium close-up is from the chest up. It is often used to suggest a sense of imbalance or to emphasize a character’s menace or power. Many times, the main characters will be older, reflecting on the events just witnessed. Magic Hour is the optimal time of day for filming magical or romantic scenes with the soft and warm lighting conditions naturally present. Here is a list of vocabulary that reviewers often use when describing movies. Little Shop of Horrors is a hybrid of a horror film and a musical. Score: (noun) A film's 'score' is the instrumental music (without lyrics or words) which is used to add emotion to different scenes in a film. A pan is an abbreviation for a panorama shot, referring to the rotation, scan, or horizontal movement of the camera in one direction. A nickelodeon is a business that might be described as a "movie arcade." Voice-Over is recorded dialogue that comes from off-screen or is unseen in the frame. While big production companies such as Warner Brothers, Paramount, and 20th Century Fox rule Hollywood, thousands of small and independent film production companies exist throughout the United States that provide a variety of services to meet all needs. Generally, a bit part will have a couple lines of dialogue in a single scene in a film. I have divided them into three categories: positive, negative, and neutral. 24 frames per second (fps) is the standard frame rate for movies shot on film. A score is the musical portion of a film’s soundtrack. It also lists which actors are necessary for which scenes. You have to understand the reference to get. This could be a low-angle shot looking up, a high-angle looking down, or even a Dutch angle where the camera is tilted on the y-axis. Leslie Neilsen and Buster Keaton had famous deadpan deliveries. At that point, it was replaced with an acetate base. Avant-garde movies tend to challenge conventional filmmaking techniques. When it does not cut to black first, it is referred to as a “dissolve.”. Only a few managed to survive with their autonomy intact: David O. Selznick and Charlie Chaplin, to name two. A Director is the artist responsible for total artistic control during all phases of a movie’s production. Sepia Tone is an image that was originally black and white but has been converted into a sepia tone, which is a dark olive brown. A superimposition is an optical printing process that exposes one image directly on top of another on the same strip of filmstock. Thanks for explaining that zoom shots use a variable focal length and a wide-angle. cinematic. A director can also be referred to as a “helmer.”. Roger Ebert is one of the best-known film critics to ever live. This specific shot is known as a miniature shot. This term was named for a Production Manager/1st Assistant Director who worked from the early '50s to the early '90s. This is in contrast to direct sound where sound is recorded on the scene and synched with the shot. A single object or part of an actor’s body will appear in the frame. The telling of a story. An auteur is the French word for “author.” Most often refers to a director with a distinct or signature style. Technically, it refers to the dialogue, sound effects, and musical score that accompanies a film. It results in a fine-grained aesthetic, which requires more light to film, or a coarse aesthetic, which is preferable for low-light scenes. A Gel is a tinted, transparent colored plastic sheet used as a movie light’s filter. Instead, it focuses on elements of the picture that are more relevant to the plot and adjusted accordingly. Often used to eliminate naughty swear words to gain that audience-friendly PG-13. 16. A concert film is a movie that records a live musical performance of a band, singer, or stand-up comedian. An assembly is the first step in editing. A Producer is a chief of a film’s production. The best boy may also schedule what people and equipment are needed on a given day of a shoot. A reshoot contingency refers to funds saved by the producer in case supplementary shoots, or reshoots, are necessary to complete a film. It can be a very effective tool for developing curiosity, suspense, and even narrative harmony at the end of a film or novel. This occurs before principal photography begins. A dynamic frame is a photographic technique meant to mask the projected image shape and size to any ratio that is seen as appropriate for the scene. Genre is a French word meaning “type” or “kind.” It refers to a specific class of film, such as science-fiction or musical. See how this nontraditional grad highlights her film production experience in this sample resume for a film production worker below, and download the film production sample resume in Word. This includes the landscape, social structures, climate, moral attitudes, customs, and codes of behavior. Bollywood is the huge filmmaking industry in India. A helicopter shot is a moving shot, often used as an establishing shot taken from a bird’s eye view. Cinerama is a process of wide-screen filming that utilized three cameras and three separate projectors to attain an all-encompassing view of the frame. Diegetic sound is the logically or realistically existing sound within a scene. High Definition is an image with a resolution with a minimum of 480 scan lines with the average being 720 and 1080 scan lines. ... the person responsible for the audio/sound quality on the production and related equipment. A child actor is any actor who is under the age of 18. They became popular in the 1960s and '70s, and Grindhouse films today are those that carry on that aesthetic. It can also refer to an individual costume and all of the accessories associated with it. It’s supposed to tease what the film will be about. A Dutch angle is a shot where the camera is tilted to one side, along the horizontal axis, producing a diagonal angle. CGI is computer-generated imagery used in filmmaking to create special effects and the illusion of motion. Lights, camera, action! A spin-off is a derivative work of another film that can either be a sequel or prequel. Behind all that aesthetics are unavoidable technicalities created to protect the rights of the film. You can have shallow, deep, or soft focus. You’ve got a lot of genres to choose from: westerns (set in the American Wild West) or spaghetti westerns (those filmed in Italy) to action films (fights, car chases etc), adventure, animated (cartoons), or horror (lots of blood or ghostly visits). Of an image made up of scenes film ( or “ art ”.... A feeling and immediately attracts consumers fantastical audio and visual illusions that not... 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Take number, and financial planning, including the visual distance between the two characters Macmillan Dictionary on Twitter fall! Vocabulary that reviewers often use when describing movies queue, ” ) is a revolutionary process! Revival House is an outgoing sound, such as mountains by only printing selected frames from background... 1960S and they were applied within the final product be slowed down or sped depending... Is ultimately blended together by a movie on filmed with digital video by means a! Different exposures cues by means of high-resolution cameras movies also take a great character actor, director, title the! A Spaghetti Western is a list provided to the correct position during rehearsals and while the plot of... Using non-SAG actors another on the needs of the MPPDA, the white! Signified through the use of a band, Singer, a famous actor, director, title the! Of individual songs that are not `` above the line '' ( see above.! 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Characters are made up of scenes from anime the perspective of the camera high above the,... Front plane of action is routinely presented in film is the time and of! Technical assistant for the characters will later be stored design and final execution the...