Watershed can be defined as an independent hydro-logical unit based on the principle of proper management of all the precipitation by way of collection, storage and efficient utilization of run-off water and use of groundwater that discharge to and receive discharge from streams, wetlands, ponds and lakes. Answer in 150 Words. National Hydrology Project | UPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS | December 19, 2020. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. The National Watershed Project various soil and water conversation measures such as conservation of moisture, vegetative filter strips upstream of diversion drains, contour vegetation hedges supported by trenches/ridges or bunds with small cross-section on … Treatment of non-arable lands for soil and moisture conservation and biomass production through afforestation, horticulture and pasture development. The National Watershed Project implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development is an umbrella scheme under the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana. September 22, 2019 September 22, 2019. (Answer in 150 words) LINE OF THOUGHT/APPROACH: You just have to establish a link between increasing agricultural production due to National It is a geo-hydrological unit i.e an area of land where a network of drainage channels and surface water runoff flow through a common outlet. This body was created by the government of India in 1986 for regulating and developing inland waterways for shipping and navigation. Components for each project were designed by the PIAs which used to be sanctioned at the Central level. Watershed association, comprising all adults residing within a watershed project area. National Waterways (i) National Waterway-1: Allahabad-Haldia stretch of the Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly river (1620 Km) declared as NW in 1986 in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. The National Commission on Farmers (NCF) was constituted on November 18, 2004, by the Government of India. It is a World Bank supported initiative of Ministry of Jal Shakti. Neeranchal is designed to further strengthen and provide technical assistance to the Watershed Component of PMKSY, in particular and all components of PMKSY, in … Target Group of National Child Labour Project. However, if on actual survey, a watershed is found to have less or more area, the total area may be taken up for development as a project. (UPSC Main GS III, 2019) A watershed consists of surface water- lakes, streams, reservoirs, rain water, wetlands and the underlying groundwater. It aims to meet the long term security challenges of bridging the gap between the latest innovations in the cyber space and the skill set of Kerala Police, in combating the emerging cyber … Elaborate the impact of National Watershed Project in increasing agricultural production from water-stressed areas. Central Westcoast Forest Society Tranquil River Watershed Restoration Project: $83,456: BC The commission was formed under the chairmanship of Professor M.S. The Programme imposes a responsibility on sub-national governments to create these facilities in a transparent and accountable manner. Objective: The project aims to fulfil the watershed component of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMSKY) to reduce surface runoff of rainwater, increase groundwater levels and … All these contribute to increasing agricultural productivity by enhancing the efficiency of resource utilization and better water management practices. Neeranchal is a World Bank assisted National Watershed Management Project. Watershed which is contiguous to another watershed that has already been developed/ treated. It is watershed concept which deals with all three aspects and try to balance between nature system and compulsion of human activities. A degraded Wasteland National Wasteland Development Board was established in 1985 under the Ministry of Forests and Environment mainly to tackle the problem of degradation of lands, restoration of ecology and to meet the growing demands of fuel wood and fodder at the national level. (Answer in 150 words) 10. Answer: The National Watershed Project was initiated as a measure to increase crop output by making water available to all water-stressed regions. A watershed consists of surface water- lakes, streams, reservoirs, rain water, wetlands and the underlying groundwater. Swaminathan. A National Watershed Coalition Webinar built on the premise that Local Watershed Project Sponsors who have 100% of the resources necessary to successfully engage the USDA Watershed Program are the exception rather than the rule. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. 1. The following objectives of the programmes make a direct and indirect impact to increase agricultural productivity: The following activities are undertaken under the project which promotes agricultural productivity: The National Watershed Project various soil and water conversation measures such as conservation of moisture, vegetative filter strips upstream of diversion drains, contour vegetation hedges supported by trenches/ridges or bunds with small cross-section on sloping areas have been performed in various states. Enhancement of agricultural productivity and production in a sustainable manner. The body chiefly undertakes development and maintenance projects of IWT infrastructure on national waterways. General Studies -3 Paper – UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination – 2019. To supervise , support and advise Watershed Committee (WC); Authenticate accounts / expenditure of WC and other institutions of Watershed Projects; Facilitate convergence of other programmes; Maintain asset register / watershed projects to retain it after the project; Provide office accommodation and other requirements to WC and Allocate usufruct rights to deserving User Groups … Neeranchal National Watershed Project It was started in 2016 as a new version of Integrated Watershed Management Programme. This project will improve freshwater management by reducing the effects of stormwater run-off and will increase public awareness of stormwater mitigation in the Kennebecasis region of New Brunswick. The scheme of National Watershed Development Project for Rainfed Areas (NWDPRA) was launched in 1990-91 in 25 States and 2 Union Territories based on twin concepts of integrated watershed management and sustainable farming systems. Namami Gange fundsApprox Read Time: 6 minutes In News: The World Bank has approved five-year loan to Namami Gange Project. In most cases some sort of partnership is required to assemble sufficient funding, create leverage and secure the skill sets required to implement the project. Watershed: It is an area of land that feeds all the water running under it and draining off it into a body of water.. Watershed Management refers to the management and conservation of surface and groundwater resources, which includes surface and groundwater resources, which includes conservation, regeneration and judicious use of all resources. Treatment of arable lands for better in-situ soil and moisture conservation and to enhance production through cost-effective, sustainable and replicable cropping techniques with minimum infrastructure and soil conservation measures. Answer: The National Watershed Project was initiated as a measure to increase crop output by making water available to all water-stressed regions. The committee is responsible for planning and development of watershed project for its area while developing the plan for the area, the committee has to take technical assistance from project implementation agency. The webinar held July 7, 2020 was sponsored by the National Watershed Coalition to assist watershed project sponsors in their responsibilities of inspecting watershed dams. Elaborate the impact of National Watershed Project in increasing agricultural production from water stressed areas. The project would initially focus on 90 sub-watersheds with intensive technical assistance. UPSC MAINS 2019: GS 3 ANALYSIS, APPROACH and REFERENCES 2019 Page 6 Q4. More than 70% Questions in Mains 2019 come from our Test Series. From December 2004 to October 2006, it has submitted five reports. The central government has proposed the National Infrastructure Pipeline project with the dual objective of enhancing the country's mobilization of resources for infrastructural development and also harnessing the division of interest, intent, & responsibilities between the central and state governments, and the private sector.. National Infrastructure Pipeline Elaborate the impact of National Watershed Project in increasing agricultural production from water-stressed areas. Building consensus among the states within the constitutional framework is the pre-condition … Continue … Offline class – To prepare on Krishnadevaraya as this was in current affairs. The MoU per cent of the National watershed Project implemented by the Ministry of Rural development over a six-year (! 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