It is often common in areas where moisture collects and grazing is light, such as along roadsides or railway lines. The long awns of the spikelet twirl when wet, and drive the seed … Themeda triandra : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources : Reference for: Themeda triandra : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Publication Date: Article/Chapter Title: Themeda triandra (Kangaroo grass) More topics in this section. Patches of this species occur in favoured locations across the whole of the arid and semi-arid regions of Australia and it also occurs on rocky headlands on the eastern seaboard of the continent. Species. Some forms have bright yellow culms (stems). It is native to India, Nepal, and Malaysia. • Characterised by seed heads of unique form and russet colour on erect stems ~40-150 cm tall. 2000. Kangaroo grass is a tufted perennial up to about 1.5 m tall with individual tussocks up to 0.5 m across. It is associated with a wide range of other grasses and herbaceous species. The sterile spikelets are retained on the seed heads and it is often difficult to determine whether the seeds have actually fallen or not. Other species. To date, not much is known about the cultivation of our indigenous grasses in gardens, and only some nurseries have started selling them. The leaves are up to 50 cm long and 3 mm wide and the leaf blades bear sparse hairs. T. triandra is the only species occurring in Africa, but it is also found in Asia and Australasia. Here, mowing or grazing can assist in controlling this competition at this time. Known Hazards Wilted culms contain hydrocyanic acid and are a danger to livestock Although clay soils with a high organic content are preferred, if Themeda is occurring naturally in your area, you could try to grow it. Seeds generally begin to ripen in early December depending on spring rainfall and temperature conditions. hispid), and its seeds are topped … Themeda triandra Click to Enlarge: Themeda triandra Click to Enlarge: Themeda triandra Click to Enlarge: Themeda triandra Click to Enlarge: Themeda triandra Leaf|Seed In eastern Australia flowering occurs throughout summer from December to late April. The meaning of the genus name Themeda is obscure, but it is Arabic and appears to have something to do with water or possibly the lack thereof. Leaf-blades 15-50 cm long; 2-5 mm wide, green or sometimes bluish, folded with a more or less clasping base, becoming more or less flat along the blade towards the acutely pointed tip. This is a lovely green to blue-green tufted grass that is often flushed with pink and turns red with age. Weed control is easiest in areas with low soil fertility so that the use of fertilisers in the establishment of kangaroo grass stands is not recommended. Themeda triandra is an indicator of the veld being in good condition. T. australis (kangaroo grass), for revegetation purposes may always be limited given the biological constraints on its production. It is very widely adapted and grows on soils ranging from sand to heavy clays. Lyn FishNational Herbarium, PretoriaApril 2004, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer, Autumn. Show All Show Tabs kangaroo grass General Information; Symbol: THTR8 ... Themeda australis (R. If drying is not practicable, then the mulch should be spread as soon as possible. The seed head is relatively large, often reddish in colour with a drooping appearance. Grasses of the eastern Free State. T. triandra has an extraordinarily wide distribution range from the mountains of New Guinea to Tasmania and from the east to the west of the Australian continent. Login to add your Comment World-wide, there are 18 species of Themeda occurring in the tropics and subtropics of the Old World, mainly in Asia. Themeda triandra could be grown in native cottage gardens, rockeries or as a border in garden beds. It is very palatable when young, but has only a moderate nutritive value (2.8 to 12.4% crude protein). Autumn is generally considered the best sowing time as soil surfaces tend not to dry out as quickly as they do in spring. By contrast, Sindel et al. It is a well-known grazing grass, forming, where dominant, the red grass or rooigrasveld (grasslands) in parts of South Africa. Themeda triandra naturally grows over an extensive geographical range on many soil types , and adaptations to a wide variety of soils might be expected. T. triandra has been successfully established over relatively small areas by spreading a kangaroo grass mulch collected with a forage harvester when the seeds are ripe. An established plant can be obtained from a nursery or, depending on the rains in November or December, whole culms with inflorescences can be cut and laid on the ground. This species can be sown at about 1 g/m² which would mean about 100 seeds/m² if each seed weighs about 10 mg. The journals of the early explorers and settlers make frequent reference to this grass. About 50 g of seed/100 m drill row will give this seed density. The pendulous, purple-red flower spikes are most attractive from September to June. Although the grass grows in any type of soil, it prefers clay and soils with high organic content. Because the seeds are fairly large (each seed weighs about 10 mg), they will emerge from about 15 mm in most soil types. Leistner, O.A. UNIQWA, Phuthaditjhaba. Most T. triandra seed samples have some level of dormancy. In some parts of Africa it is used for thatching, but the forms found in southern Africa tend to be flimsy and not durable enough. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. High drought tolerance; High heat tolerance Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Kangaroo Grass (Themeda triandra) - 30 Pure Seeds at the best online prices at ebay! Its leaves are 10-50 cm long and 2-5 mm wide, green to grey drying to an orange brown in summer. Because the seeds are fairly large (each seed weighs about 10 mg), they will emerge from about 15 mm in most soil types. Common names: red grass (Eng. Themeda triandra. The seed supply of Themeda triandra, syn. There seems to be little association between abundance of T. triandra and a specific soil type. Themedais a genus of grasses occurring in Australia, Asia and Africa. An extremely widely distributed species, occurring throughout Australia. Themeda triandra is probably one of the most widespread of all Australian native grasses. In these circumstances, the fibre mulch should be at least 20 mm thick for the best results. Brush harvesting has been successful but the actual seed yields are low compared with the amount of trash mostly consisting of the sterile spikelets. Our Kangaroo Grass seed and florets come from a high quality, pure strain of Thermeda triandra, virtually not interfered with since population of the area. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. T. triandrawill not tolerate continuous grazing. It is also occasionally used as an ornamental plant. You can purchase our high-quality florets for a … The species Themeda australis syn T. triandra will reach around 1.5m and is found in all Australian states. It is therefore best to eliminate weed problems before sowing this grass. Fishing closures, restrictions and permits, Volunteer non-commercial kangaroo shooting, NSW Hunting Stakeholder Consultation Group, Zoonoses - Animal diseases that can infect people, Forest contractor training and certification scheme, Grassed up - guidelines for revegetating with Australian native grasses, Astrebla pectinata (Barley Mitchell grass), Austrodanthonia bipartita (Wallaby grass), Austrodanthonia richardsonii (Wallaby grass), Dichanthium sericeum (Queensland bluegrass), Microlaena stipoides (Microlaena or Weeping grass), Paspalidium jubiflorum (Warrego summer grass). The seeds that follow are also a beautiful feature of this grass. Finches are fond of the seeds. If the seed is broadcast then it should be lightly covered with harrows. Its individual flower spikelets are moderately-sized (6-14 mm long), hairless (i.e. However, this is changing as more and more people are becoming aware of the beauty of grasses and their usefulness in attracting animals, especially birds, to their gardens. Language: EnglishDeutschEspañolFrançais Guide to the grasses of southern Africa. The young growth is palatable to stock. A well filled caryopsis will be 75% dark brown when ready for harvest and so when all the mature seed and seed heads are dark brown the optimum harvest time has passed. Themeda triandra. It produces spear-shaped seeds that are activated by water, either through increased humidity or when it rains. The flowering period is from December to February. A very popular grass, widely distributed and common from Africa to tropical and subtropical Asia to Australasia. The awns (bristles) must be present in the inflorescences while the rest of the stems will act as a mulch, which is important for germination of the seed. T. triandra will not tolerate continuous grazing. Cleaned T. triandra seed will flow relatively easily through conventional seed boxes without bridging or the seeds clogging the delivery tubes. T. triandra - T. triandra is a dense, clump-forming, evergreen grass with keeled, linear, grey- to blue-green leaves and racemes of reddish-brown flower spikelets, primarily throughout summer.. Themeda triandra is: Evergreen Fertile spikelets are indicated by the black, twisted awn and if the awns are no longer present in the seed heads, then the seeds have all fallen. In nature, the presence of this grass signifies climax grassland that is in good condition. The seeds that follow are also a beautiful feature of this grass. kangaroo grass (Themeda triandra) is a moderately-sized long-lived (i.e. Description. Stems: Culms erect; up to 1.5m tall, usually unbranched, smooth, often becoming golden-coloured at maturity. Genus. Themeda arguens Christmas grass Themeda japonica . Strelitzia 10. In other circumstances the addition of fertiliser appears not to benefit T. triandra. The species name tri (three) and andr (man) is Greek, referring to the three male spikelets surrounding the bisexual spikelet in each cluster. Kangaroo grass can still be seen in remnant plains grasslands and sclerophyll, redgum and box woodlands as well as open grassy forests. T.triandra(syn. Seeds should be dried at relatively low temperatures immediately after harvest. Ligule, a ciliolate membrane later splitting into a rim of short hairs with some longer, margin… ... Hydroscopic awns, low numbers of seeds/kg, spikelets predominantly sterile. Themeda triandra Characteristics & applications • A robust, long-lived, summer-active perennial producing dense, upright foliage. In South Africa, grasses in general and indigenous grasses in particular, have seldom been used in gardens. Our seeds are harvested from 99% weed free and other grass strains. The Plants Database includes the following 6 species of Themeda . Themeda triandra “Mingo” is a ground covering form with blue foliage and will reach a height of 20 centimetres with a spread of 60 centimetres. T. triandra occurs on a wide variety of soils from sandy soils to heavy clays. The Natal Witness, Pietermaritzburg. Briza Publications, Pretoria. Themeda triandra is a very hardy, evergreen, tall, tufted grass with foliage in many shades of green that turn reddish when older. • A tussock grass with roots to more than 100 cm depth. Autumn is generally considered the best sowing time as soil surfaces tend not to dry out as quickly as they do in spring. The wedge-shaped, often pendant, clusters of spikelets are surrounded by leaf-like spathes or bracts that are brown or reddish-brown and often flushed with mauve, purple or red. Press wheels to firm the soil around the seed are an advantage. In southern Australia weed control in late winter/early spring appears to be critical in the survival of newly established plants. It also serves as a food source for several avian species, including the long-tailed widowbird. T. triandra seed has been used as a famine food in Africa. perennial) grass usually growing less than 1 m tall. The spikelets (grass flowers) form wedge-shaped, usually hanging clusters that may or may not be hairy, with long black or white hairs. Once established, little maintenance is needed except cutting back in winter to about one-third of its size and removing most of the old dead leaves. SOILS . Themeda triandra seeds mostly germinate in mid summer, but will still germinate in early autumn. Today this grass is often found on roadsides or in situations where periodic fire is a common disturbance. T. triandra seedlings develop relatively slowly following germination. It is important, therefore, that available seed be used efficiently by maximising germination and establishment. Themeda triandra ‘Mingo’ Themeda triandra ‘Mingo’ This entry was posted in Plant Database on 28/12/2015 by carolyn. Plants from higher altitudes tend to be shorter and dark purple, whereas at lower altitudes plants are often lighter coloured and flushed only with purple. • Occurs across Australia from the arid inland to the It also grows in soils of low to moderately high pH. Reaching around 20cm The cultivar T. australis ‘mingo’ makes an excellent ground cover plant for low traffic areas. Themeda triandra is probably one of the most widespread of all Australian native grasses. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. TOLERANCES. If a forage harvester has been used, then drying a large mass of material sometimes proves difficult. glabrous) or slightly hairy (i.e. The flowering period is from December to February. This resilient grass is well adapted to the variable Australian climate as it can utilise rainfall and soil nutrients efficiently. Themeda triandra – Kangaroo Grass – Buy seeds at rarepalmseeds.com Seeds for sale starting at € 5.60. If T. triandra is sown in drill rows, seeds should be about 20 mm apart to give a rapid cover within the rows. The blue weeping foliage will flower in … It is also known to be resistant to fire, the resistance increasing when burnt regularly, but only if rested after fire and if overgrazing does not occur. Flowering time is from October to July. 1990. Finches are fond of the seeds. Themeda triandra ‘Quokka’ – Kangaroo Grass The very compact habit coupled with interestingly textured foliage, seed heads and flowers of this iconic Australian native grass are its defining features. Themeda triandra (Kangaroo grass) was one of the more widespread grassy understorey dominants. Themeda triandra is a tufted perennial that can grow to 1.5 m tall and 0.5 m across. The seeds are edible and can be ground into a flour. Moffett, R. 1997. There are about 30 species worldwide with about 5 being found in Australia. Themeda triandra Forssk. Seed cleaning is not a difficult exercise but large amounts of trash must be processed to obtain a relatively small amount of seed. The pendulous, purple-red flower spikes are most attractive from September to June. When used as a landscape planting for colour contrast, little maintenance is needed once the area has become dominated by T. triandra. Not registered yet? If material has been harvested with a forage harvester to be used as seed containing mulch then cleaning is not necessary. The long awns of the spikelet twirl when wet, and drive the seed into the ground. The ligule (Ligule - a membrane or hairs found on the inner (adaxial) surface of the leaf-blade/sheath junction) is a rim of hairs and the leaves are folded in the bud. Leaves are 10-50 cm long and 2-5 mm wide, green to grey and dry to an orange-brown in summer. Themeda Themeda. Themeda triandra, commonly known as kangaroo grass, is a native perennial grass that grows widely across Australia. During this time plants produce large, distinctive, red-brown spikelets carried on branched stems. T. triandra occurs in both grasslands and grassy woodlands as well as under grassy forests. With seed banks in various locations across Australia and the owner of one of Australia’s largest and most established seed merchants, Nindethana, we are in a unique position to be able to provide a diverse range of high quality native seed for a wide variety of restoration projects. Plant: A native, tufted, perennial warm season grass. ); rooigras (Afr.). This grass is widespread in South Africa, growing in undisturbed grasslands to savanna, in areas of average to high rainfall. Approaching optimum harvest time is associated with a change in crop colour from greenish to yellowish brown. The twisted awns are relatively easily removed from the fertile spikelets and the caryopses are usually retained within the dark, hairy glumes (Glume - the empty bracts at the base of a grass spikelet; usually two glumes are present). This dormancy can usually be broken by subjecting dry seeds to diurnal alternating temperatures of 20°C–60°C for about a month. mail to indiantreepix@googlegroups.com or itpmods@googlegroups.com 2. Nodes hairless. A more interventionist approach of introducing seed onto the site may be needed in some situations. However, for seed production there is some evidence to suggest that the addition of low rates of nitrogen (50 kg/ha) can increase seed heads by 45%. The attractive foliage and seed heads, its adaptability and low maintenance requirement has prompted growing interest in its use from landscape architects. Themeda triandra Seed Germination Abstract viability decreases with increased storage time. The plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for local use as thatch and medicine. Adaptation: Will grow on a wide range of soil types from well drained sandy to clay texture soils. It can also be found in many other places as an introduced species and often a noxious weed. The basal parts of the tuft are usually compressed. It is very palatable when young, but has only a moderate nutritive value (2.8 to 12.4% crude protein). Chippindall, L.K.A. It is very important to protect them from competition from annual weeds during this establishment phase. Optimum seed storage, across the temperature range -15°C to 70°C, was achieved at 25°C (± 2°C), at which temperature seed was held for 40 months. The attractive fo… This is a tufted perennial grass which is very variable in appearance and size, ranging from 0.3-1.5 m in height. Collins, Harare (Salisbury). The seed is eaten in times of famine. Botanical name. The tall Themeda triandra forms can be used as medium height accent plants, or planted in small clumps in a 'wild garden' feature. Paper pulp can also be made from the culms (stems). T. triandra seeds mostly germinate in mid summer, but will still germinate in early autumn. Grasses of southern Africa. This method of establishment is perhaps expensive for large areas but it does mean that the expense of harvesting and cleaning seed is avoided. Themeda quadrivalvis is a species of grass known by the common names grader grass, habana grass, and kangaroo grass, not to be confused with Themeda triandra, which is also known as kangaroo grass. Awns of the Old World, mainly in Asia and Africa and grassy woodlands as as. Landscape architects, mowing or grazing can assist in retaining T. triandra dominance and Africa grasslands and,... Areas like this Themeda triandra crop at our seed production area, seed can be broadcast... Bordering areas it is also found in Australia it has been used as introduced... Revegetation purposes may always be limited given the biological constraints on its.... Is very important and well-known grazing grass that grows widely across Australia the... 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Pendulous, purple-red flower spikes are most attractive from September to June cultivar T. australis ( R water either! Young, but it does mean that the expense of harvesting and cleaning seed is then. Being in good condition paper pulp can also be found in Asia is widespread in South,. Eastern Australia flowering occurs throughout summer from December to late April palatable when... Thatch and medicine germination Abstract viability decreases with increased storage time purple-red flower spikes are attractive... Grass ( Themeda triandra ( kangaroo grass ) more topics in this section planted these.

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