[36], Although the King spent much time on the battlefields, which could suggest a good state of health, towards the end of his life he became seriously and increasingly ill.[37], King John III Sobieski died in Wilanów, Poland on 17 June 1696 from a sudden heart attack. Even taxis are controlled by Chicago's corrupt political machine. [3] Suffering from poor health and obesity in later life, Sobieski died in 1696 and was buried at Wawel Cathedral in Kraków. [30], Meantime, in the spring of 1683, royal spies uncovered Turkish preparations for a military campaign. Upon receiving the news of the death of king Władysław IV Vasa and the hostilities of the Khmelnytsky Uprising, they volunteered for the army. [13] In 1660 he took part in the last offensive against the Swedes in Prussia, and was rewarded with the office of starost of Stryj. Earlier this year, the U.S. House of Representatives supported the $1.3 trillion dollar “omnibus” budget bill which included hundreds of millions of dollars for Planned Parenthood.. COVID-19 Response. Portrait of the Sobieski family by Siemiginowski-Eleuter. When he turned to go back to the camp, he discovered that there was another man up on this hill, a stone’s throw away: some kind of monk or holy man, perhaps, as he was dressed in a rough sackcloth robe, with no finery. [12] This made Sobieski one of the leading figures of the state, so on 19 May the following year, he was elected monarch of the Commonwealth. [5][10] John was promoted to the rank of pułkownik and fought with distinction in the Battle of Berestechko. King Louis XIV of France promised to mediate a truce between the Ottomans and Poland so that Sobieski could focus his attentions on Prussia. [15], In October 1667 he achieved another victory over the Cossacks of Petro Doroshenko and their Crimean Tatar allies in the Battle of Podhajce during the Polish–Cossack–Tatar War (1666–71). [20][21], Sobieski had a number of long term plans, including establishing his own dynasty in the Commonwealth, regaining lost territories, and strengthening the country through various reforms. [21] The alliance was signed by royal representatives on 31 March 1683, and ratified by the Emperor and Polish parliament within weeks. Programmer analyst, Association Mills, Chicago, 1979-1984; [16] In light of the war, requiring Sobieski to be on the front lines, the coronation ceremony was significantly delayed – he was crowned John III almost two years later, on 2 February 1676. ", Jan III Sobieski of the Janina coat of arms at the Wilanow Palace Museum, Jan III Sobieski – a book lover at the Wilanow Palace Museum, Jan III Sobieski's entry into Krakow for coronation at the Wilanow Palace Museum, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_III_Sobieski&oldid=998318263, Members of the Sejm of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Polish people of the Russo-Polish War (1654–1667), Secular senators of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Supernumerary Knights of the Order of the Holy Spirit, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Lithuanian-language text, Articles needing additional references from May 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with Latin-language sources (la), Articles with Polish-language sources (pl), Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In 1674, he was elected monarch of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth following the sudden and unexpected death of king Michael. Student, Illinois Institute Technology, Chicago, 1966-1968; See what Daniel John Sobieski (danielsobieski) has discovered on Pinterest, the world's biggest collection of ideas. Sponsored by PeopleLooker. John III Sobieski sometimes appears in the loading screen in the computer strategy game, He appears in his pre-royalty status as a character in, Sobieski appears as a character in the historical novel. [5], After the start of the Swedish invasion of Poland known as "The Deluge", John Sobieski was among the Greater Polish regiments led by Krzysztof Opaliński, Palatine of Poznań which capitulated at Ujście, and swore allegiance to King Charles X Gustav of Sweden. By Daniel John Sobieski americanthinker.com — A Joe Biden terrified that the African-American vote is slipping away from the party of pandering made an absurd claim during a rare day trip from his basement bunker to Kenosha, Wisconsin. Cab Scam. Son of John Victor and Cora Ellen (Hoffman) Sobieski. Prochazka Jiří: "1683. Tweets to Daniel John Sobieski. Sobieski feared that the target might be the Polish cities of Lwów and Kraków. The hand that wasn’t holding the sword was thumbing through a rosary—Jack’s cue to exit stage right. Another legend from Vienna has the first bagel as being a gift to King John III Sobieski to commemorate his victory over the Ottomans. Sobieski, Daniel J. was born on October 16, 1948 in Chicago, Illinois, United States. 22.05.2016 - “Obama 2 Rape Victim: Gun Won't Protect You - Libs deny women right 2 defend their bodies https://t.co/s0b4EIT0Yr” Married Lily Mina Rantisi, February 19, 1977. Jan (4 June 1682 – 1 January/12 April 1685), died at the age of two. John III Sobieski, Polish Jan Sobieski, (born August 17, 1629, Olesko, Poland—died June 17, 1696, Wilanów), elective king of Poland (1674–96), a soldier who drove back the Ottoman Turks and briefly restored the kingdom of Poland-Lithuania to greatness for the last time.. (Brno, Wien 2012), This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 21:05. Latest from Daniel Sobieski. While the deep and its llies among the legacy… See More [5] In 1652, Marek died in Tatar captivity after his capture at the Battle of Batih. [5] After graduating from the Nowodworski College in Kraków in 1643, young John Sobieski then graduated from the philosophical faculty of the Jagiellonian University in 1646. [23] The army was reorganised into regiments, the infantry finally dropped pikes, replacing them with battle-axes, and the Polish cavalry adopted hussar and dragoon formations. [12] Later that year he supported the French candidacy of Louis, Grand Condé for the Polish throne, and after this candidacy fell apart, Philip William, Elector Palatine. Sobieski was born in New York City. [8], Both brothers returned to the Commonwealth in 1648. Born into Polish nobility, Sobieski was educated at the Jagiellonian University and toured Europe in his youth. [5][9] They both fought in the siege of Zamość. [5][12] It is likely he participated as part of the briefly allied Polish-Tatar forces in the 1655 Battle of Okhmativ. Left side: Jakub, Konstanty, Aleksander, Teresa. John, who called himself ‘The Chevalier John Sobieski Stewart’, in 1871 described himself as Count d’Albanie, Colonel of Hussars, and said that he was born at Versailles, France. Currently, Daniel lives in Chicago, IL. [39], Sobieski is remembered in Poland as a "hero king", victor at Vienna who defeated the Ottoman threat, an image that became particularly well recognized after his story was told in many works of 19th century literature. In 1649, Jakub fought in the Battle of Zboriv. But this brute knelt easily, even lustily if such a thing were possible, and facing toward the city of Vienna, he planted his sword in the ground so that it became a steel cross. [40] In the Polski słownik biograficzny he is described as "an individual above his contemporaries, but still one of them"; an oligarch and a magnate, interested in personal wealth and power. Daniel John Sobieski, a retiree in Chicago, is able to tweet more than 1,000 times a day using “schedulers” that work through stacks of his own pre-written posts in repetitive loops. Daniel Schultz the Younger - King John Casimir II in Polish Costume - WGA21068.jpg 610 × 847; 59 KB Jan Kazimierz by Daniel Schultz.jpg 428 × 594; 44 KB Schultz Giovanni Battista Jacobelli.jpg 591 × … [13] In between he participated in the Russian campaign of 1663. He painted many Polish and Lithuanian nobles, members of the royal family, local Patricians, such as the astronomer Johannes Hevelius; animals, and hunts. They are interred together in Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland. Son of John Victor and Cora Ellen (Hoffman) Sobieski. You see your rich man kneeling in church and it takes him two or three minutes, you can hear his knees popping and sinews creaking, he totters this way and that, creating small alarums amongst the servants who are gripping his elbows. [1] Popular among his subjects, he was an able military leader, most famous for his victory over the Turks at the Battle of Vienna in 1683. computer consultant. Anonymous portrait of Teresa Kunegunda, painted at the end of the 17th century. Senior consultant Whittman-Hart, Chicago, since 1988. writer El a fost fiul lui Jakub Denilovicz Sobieski din Cracovia și strănepotul hatmanului Stanislav Sobieski.A fost educat în spiritul tradițional al cavalerilor, studiind la Academia din Cracovia. Daughter (20 December 1684), stillborn or died shortly after birth. [21][22] One of his ambitions was to unify Christian Europe in a crusade to drive the Turks out of Europe. Daniel Sobieski. Member Data Processing Management Association. [40] His ambitions for the most part were instilled in him by his beloved wife, whom he undoubtedly loved more than any throne (when being forced to divorce her and marry the former Queen as a condition to gain the throne, he immediately refused the throne) and tended to obey, at times blindly. Instagram, Twitter, Facebook, Images, Youtube and more on IDCrawl - the leading free people search engine. [31] Soon afterward, the Polish army started massing for an expedition against the Ottomans, and in August was joined by Bavarians and Saxon allies under Charles of Lorraine. [15] Soon afterward, he was defeated at the Battle of Mątwy, and signed the Agreement of Łęgonice on the 21 July, which ended the Lubomirski Rebellion. Portrait of Maria Klementyna, John III's granddaughter, painted by Pier Leone Ghezzi around 1735. [19] The treasury was almost empty and the court had little to offer the powerful magnates, who often allied themselves with foreign courts rather than the state. Sobieski managed to reform the Polish army completely. As a soldier and later commander, he fought in the Khmelnytsky Uprising, the Russo-Polish War and during the Swedish invasion known as the Deluge. Daughter (13 November 1678), stillborn or died shortly after birth. [37] His wife, Marie Casimire Louise, died in 1716 in Blois, France, and her body was returned to Poland. At about 5 pm, after observing the infantry battle from the Kahlenberg hilltop, Sobieski led the Polish husaria cavalry along with Austrians and Germans in a massive charge down the hillside. But then the bloke whipped out a sword. [21] To this end he made the secret Treaty of Jaworów (1675), but he achieved nothing. [5][12] However, around late March 1656, he abandoned their side, returning to the side of Polish king John II Casimir Vasa, enlisting under the command of hetmans Stefan Czarniecki and Jerzy Sebastian Lubomirski. [12] In July, the Austrian envoy asked for Polish assistance. student, College of Automation, Chicago, 1968-1970. Home » Tweets to Daniel John Sobieski. Soon, the Ottoman battle line was broken and the Ottoman forces scattered in disarray. [13][15] He participated in the Sejm of 1665, and after some delays, accepted the prestigious office of the Marshal of the Crown on 18 May that year. [15] Following the election of Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki he joined the opposition faction; he and his allies helped veto several sejms (including the coronation ones), and his attitude once again resulted in him losing popularity among the regular szlachta. [12] The news of the battle coincided with the death of King Michal the day before the battle. He died without issue at 52 Stanley Street, St George Hanover Square, 13 February 1872, aged 74, and was buried at Eskadale. Candidate for Congress Republican party, Chicago, 1986, 5th district coordinator Jack Kemp for President, 1988, Steve Baer for Governor, 1990. [36] For the next four years Poland would blockade the key fortress at Kamenets, and Ottoman Tatars would raid the borderlands. [16][21][24][26][27] Backed by Brandenburg and Austria, internal enemies of Sobieski even planned to dethrone him and elect Charles of Lorraine. [16] This division culminated in the humiliating Treaty of Buchach, where the Commonwealth was forced to cede territories to the Ottomans, but promise an annual tribute. Daniel John Sobieski posted a discussion Daniel John Sobieski published a BIDEN HHS PICK XAVIER BECERRA A PRO-ABORTION KAMALA HARRIS CLONE By Daniel John Sobieski The libeal war on unborn human life will reach warp speed should Joe Biden… John Sobieski spent his childhood in Żółkiew. Daniel J. Sobieski has been listed as a notable computer consultant, writer by Marquis Who's Who. [16][24] In 1676, the Tatars began a counter-offensive and crossed the Dneper, but could not retake the strategic town of Żórawno, and a peace treaty (the Treaty of Żurawno) was signed soon afterwards. [13], Through personal connections, he became a strong supporter of the French faction in the Polish royal court, represented by Queen Marie Louise Gonzaga. [40], Commemorative plaque featuring Sobieski, Vienna, Scutum Sobiescianum - Shield of Sobieski on the sky, by Johannes Hevelius, 1690, A statue of John III Sobieski in Przemyśl, Monument of Sobieski in Łazienki Park, Warsaw, John III Sobieski Monument in Gdańsk, moved from Lwów after World War II, Equestrian monument of King John III inside Wilanów Palace. [13][14] He took part in a number of engagements over the next two years, including the Siege of Toruń in 1658. The morning light was shining directly into his grizzled face and glinting from the steel of the blade and glowing in some indifferent colored jewels set into the weapon’s hilt and crossbar. [29][31], The Pope and other foreign dignitaries hailed Sobieski as the "Savior of Vienna and Western European civilization. [26] At the same time Sobieski made peace with the pro-Habsburg faction and started to gravitate towards an alliance with Austria. John Sobieski was born on 17 August 1629, in Olesko, now Ukraine, then part of the Ruthenian Voivodeship in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth to a renowned noble family de Sobieszyn Sobieski of Janina coat of arms. [40] At the same time, he displayed high military prowess, he was well educated and literate, and a patron of science and arts. Portrait of the Sobieski family by Henri Gascar. Anonymous portrait of Maria Karolina, John III's granddaughter, painted around 1730. Her mother, Elizabeth Sobieski (née Salomon), is an American film producer and screenwriter who also works as Sobieski's manager, and her father, Jean Sobieski, is a French-born painter and former actor of Polish descent. [15] Around late April or early May 1666 he received another high office of the Commonwealth, that of the Field Crown Hetman. [4], In 1662 he was again elected a deputy to the Sejm, and took part in the work on reforming the military. [16] In 1675, Sobieski defeated a Turkish and Tatar offensive aiming at Lviv. [26] This was a beginning of what would become the Holy League, championed by Pope Innocent XI to preserve Christendom. The negotiations ended in failure and Sobieski's Baltic goals had to be tempered by the immediate reality of the Ottoman threat to the south. [15] On 5 February 1668 he achieved the rank of Grand Hetman of the Crown, the highest military rank in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and thereby the de facto commander-in-chief of the entire Polish Army. During the Sejm of 1683, the French ambassador was expelled for involvement with a plan to dethrone Sobieski, definitely marking the end of the Polish-French alliance. On 5 July 1665, he married the widow of Jan "Sobiepan" Zamoyski, Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien (1641–1716), of Nevers, Burgundy, France. Daniel John Sobieski is a free lance writer whose pieces have appeared in Investor’s Business Daily, Human Events, Reason Magazine and the Chicago Sun-Times among other publications. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. Vienna obsessa. [26][28], Conscious that Poland lacked allies and risked war against most of its neighbours (a situation similar to the Deluge), by 1683 Sobieski allied himself with Leopold I, of the Holy Roman Empire. Sách đọc thêm. Twin Daughters (9 May 1669), stillborn or died shortly after birth. Eric Gene Sobaski, age 33, Clever, MO 65631 View Full Report. [16] The court faction called openly for confiscation of his estates and dismissal from office, and declared him an "enemy of the state". [26] Both sides promised to come to one's another aid if their capitals were threatened. [15] While his pro-French stance in politics alienated some, his military victories against invading Tatars in 1671 helped him gain other allies. Jerzy (Georg) Daniel Schultz known also as Daniel Schultz the Younger (1615–1683) was a prominent painter of the Baroque era, born and active in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. [26], The French-Prussian treaty of 1679 meant that Sobieski lost the major foreign ally for his planned campaign against Prussia; consequently he started to distance himself from the pro-French faction, which in turn resulted in the cooling down of the Polish-French relations. [29][31], Sobieski's greatest success came in 1683, with his victory at the Battle of Vienna, in joint command of Polish and German troops, against the invading Ottoman Turks under Kara Mustafa. John III and Marie Casimire are in the middle; Konstanty, Aleksander and Jakub are on the left; Teresa Kunegunda and Hedwig of Neuburg holding her daughter Maria Leopoldyna (1693–1695) are on the right. Articles & Blog Posts by Daniel John Sobieski. Once logged in, you can add biography in the database, writer Via Silesiaca". Anonymous portrait of Prince Jan (1682–1685), painted about 1683. Member Data Processing Management Association. senior analytical consultant, Whittman Hart, Chicago, since 1988. Sobieski pregnant at the opening night of the Metropolitan Opera in 2009. [13] During the three-day-long battle of Warsaw of 1656, Sobieski commanded a 2,000-man strong regiment of Tatar cavalry. [36] After early victories, the Polish found themselves a junior partner in the Holy League, gaining no lasting territorial or political rewards. [17] Sobieski eventually succeeded in balancing politics and national defense, and a combination of his military victories over the invaders, and successful negotiations at the Sejm in April 1673, led to a compromise in which the court faction dropped its demands and challenges against him. The man bowed his head and took to mumbling in Latin. BRIAN KEMP SIGNED DOMINION CONTRACT AFTER CHICOM MEETING By Daniel John Sobieski Anyone for Chinese disinformation? [4] His candidacy was almost universally supported, with only a dozen or so members of the diet opposing him (mainly centered around magnates of the Lithuanian Pac family). Daniel Schultz: Portrait of John III Sobieski in Roman costume. Daniel has many family members and associates who include Lily Sobieski, Robert Soto, Andrew Saucedo, Nick Mikulic and Laurie Rapp. Sobieski's 22-year reign marked a period of the Commonwealth's stabilization, much needed after the turmoil of previous conflicts. The wars with the Ottoman Empire were not decisively won by the Commonwealth, the ruler of Brandenburg-Prussia made treaties with France, Prussia defeated the Swedish invasion, and Sobieski's plans for the Commonwealth's own military campaign against Prussia was opposed by Commonwealth magnates, many of them taking the Prussian side. Like everyone else, we urge you to wash your hands and engage in social distancing. Their children were: Anonymous portrait of James Louis, painted about 1685. He was also a member of the Sejm in 1664 and 1665. [38] He was succeeded by Augustus II. [16], On 11 November 1673 Sobieski added a major victory to his list, this time defeating the Ottomans in the Battle of Khotyn and capturing the fortress located there. His father, Jakub Sobieski, was the Voivode of Ruthenia and Castellan of Kraków; his mother, Zofia Teofillia Daniłowicz was a granddaughter of Hetman Stanisław Żółkiewski. Daniel John Sobieski is a former editorial writer for Investor’s Business Daily and freelance writer whose pieces have appeared in Human Events, Reason Magazine, and … [13] In 1659 he was elected a deputy to the Sejm (Polish parliament), and was one of the Polish negotiators of the Treaty of Hadiach with the Cossacks. [5] John Sobieski spent his childhood in Żółkiew. He was succeeded by Augustus II of Poland and Saxony. [26][31] Upon reaching Vienna on 12 September, with the Ottoman army close to breaching the walls, Sobieski ordered a full attack. [17][21][23], In the autumn of 1674, he recommenced the war against the Ottomans and managed to recapture a number of cities and fortresses including Bratslav, Mogilev, and Bar, which re-established a strongly fortified line defending Poland's southern border in Ukraine. Find John Sobieski online. [25] Sobieski also greatly increased the number of cannon and introduced new artillery tactics. Portrait of the Sobieski family by Henri Gascar. His Wilanów Palace became the first of many palaces that would dot the lands of the Commonwealth over the next two centuries. Summary: Daniel Sobieski's birthday is 10/16/1948 and is 71 years old. [5], By 26 May 1656 he received the position of the chorąży koronny (Standard-bearer of the Crown). [26][27] This did not end the existence of strong internal opposition to Sobieski; however, it changed a number of allegiances, and further opposition was temporarily weakened through the king's successful political maneuvering, including granting the Grand Hetman office to one of the opposition's chief leaders, Stanisław Jan Jabłonowski. His pro-French allegiance was reinforced in 1665, when he married Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien and was promoted to the rank of Grand Marshal of the Crown. [36] The prolonged and indecisive war also weakened Sobieski's position at home. [15] Later that year, in November, his first child, James Louis Sobieski was born in Paris. [12] To counteract the threat, Sobieski began the fortification of the cities and ordered universal military conscription. [5] They founded and commanded their own banners (chorągiew) of cavalry (one light, "cossack", and one heavy, of Polish hussars). His widow died at Bath in 1888. [5] During that time, he met influential contemporary figures such as Louis II de Bourbon, Charles II of England and William II, Prince of Orange, and learned French, German, and Italian, in addition to Latin. [23] Regaining control of this autonomous province was in the Commonwealth's best interest, and Sobieski also hoped for it to become part of his family domain. [2] The defeated Ottomans named Sobieski the "Lion of Lechistan", and the Pope hailed him as the saviour of Western Christendom. But as he was leaving he recognized the man with the broadsword as King John Sobieski. [12] This allowed him to regain his image as a skilled military leader. After graduating from the Nowodw… [5][12] There, Sobieski learned the Tatar language and the Turkish language and studied Turkish military traditions and tactics. "[34] In a letter to his wife, he wrote, "All the common people kissed my hands, my feet, my clothes; others only touched me, saying: 'Ah, let us kiss so valiant a hand! Sobieski demonstrated his military prowess during the war against the Ottoman Empire and established himself as a leading figure in Poland and Lithuania. He supported the astronomer Johannes Hevelius, mathematician Adam Adamandy Kochański and the historian and poet Wespazjan Kochowski. Board directors Freedom First in Illinois, Chicago, since 1989, Friedns of St. Joseph, Chicago, since 1989. John Sobieski was born on 17 August 1629, in Olesko, now Ukraine, then part of the Ruthenian Voivodeship in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth to a renowned noble family de Sobieszyn Sobieski of Janina coat of arms. '"[35], The war with the Ottomans was not yet over, and Sobieski continued the campaign with the Battle of Párkány on 7–9 October. Early life and career. John III Sobieski (Polish: Jan III Sobieski; Lithuanian: Jonas III Sobieskis; Latin: Ioannes III Sobiscius; 17 August 1629 – 17 June 1696) was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1674 until his death. Tatham, John Sobieski, (Oxford, 1881) Dupont, Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire de Sobieski, (Warsaw, 1885) Salvandy, Histoire de Pologne avant et sous le roi Jean Sobieski, (two volumes, new edition, Paris, 1855) Coyer, Histoire de Jean Sobieski, (Amsterdam, 1761 and 1783) Waliszewski, Acta, (three volumes, Cracow, 1684) Rieder, Johann III., König von Polen, (Vienna, 1883) Daniel Paul Johns (born 22 April 1979) is an Australian musician, singer, and songwriter best known as the former front man and lyricist of the rock band Silverchair. Right side: Aleksander, Teresa and Marie Casimire. For other monarchs with similar names, see, Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien, Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Countess Palatine Hedwig Elisabeth of Neuburg, Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, "Kto przewiózł trumnę Marysieńki Sobieskiej do Polski? Daniel also answers to Daniel J Sobiesli and Daniel J Sobieski, and perhaps a couple of other names. It was not one of your needle-thin rapiers, such as fops pushed at each other in the streets of London and Paris, but some kind of relic of the Crusades, a two-handed production with a single crossbar instead of a proper guard—the sort of thing Richard the Lionhearted might’ve used to slay camels in the streets of Jerusalem. [11] A promising commander, John was sent by King John II Casimir as one of the envoys in the diplomatic mission of Mikołaj Bieganowski to the Ottoman Empire. [4][5] His father, Jakub Sobieski, was the Voivode of Ruthenia and Castellan of Kraków; his mother, Zofia Teofillia Daniłowicz was a granddaughter of Hetman Stanisław Żółkiewski. This man went down on one knee in the dirt, and he did it with verve and enthusiasm. Ioan al III-lea Sobieski (poloneză Jan III Sobieski) (17 august 1629 - 17 iunie 1696) a fost rege al federației polono-lituaniene din anul 1674 până la moartea sa. [41][42], He failed to reform the ailing Commonwealth, and to secure the throne for his heir. [5][7] They visited Leipzig, Antwerp, Paris, London, Leiden, and The Hague. Sobieski, Daniel J. was born on October 16, 1948 in Chicago, Illinois, United States. [29] Although aimed directly against the Ottomans and indirectly against France, it had the advantage of gaining internal support for the defense of Poland's southern borders. computer consultant. Unlike everyone else, we urge you to also help with this smart plan to get more tests, ventilators, and PPE. 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