The Sunda flying lemur is not a lemur and does not fly. A closer look at the same duo. The nickname “Flying Lemur” may be a bit misleading, but these Colugos are the masters of the glide. Singapore: The Fabulous Flying Lemur Bukit Timah, Singapore's highest point, holds the only bit of real rain forest left on the island. While the oriental pied hornbills are iconic to Pulau Ubin, the flying lemurs can be considered as iconic to Bukit Timah Nature Reserve. Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Central Catchment Nature Reserve. Biology/Ecology. Somehow, every time I bring my DSLR to the nature reserve, I always photographed a different one. *The name flying lemur is a misnomer as the Colugo neither flies nor is a lemur. Draco Publishing and Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. Last Saturday (June 2017), these two colugos were spotted on the same tree together, a pretty rare sight. It is NOT a lemur and it does NOT fly; it glides as it leaps among trees' canopies. There are just two species each in its own genus, which makes up the entire family Cynocephalidae and order Dermoptera. It's an adult Malayan flying lemur with gray fur and scaly pattern. Colugo: the Flying Lemur of South-east Asia. Bukit Batok Nature Park: Secret Home of the Flying Lemur (Malaysian Colugo) - See 73 traveller reviews, 133 candid photos, and great deals for Singapore, Singapore, at Tripadvisor. Flying Lemur The rainforests of tropical Asia provide plenty of towering trees as launch pads for the flying lemur. It was late evening and the documentation was made just before the last rays of light disappeared at 1850 hours. 78 pp Nature lovers love to share. It spotted a mix of gray and brown colors. Michael Hopkin Looks like a lemur, but more like a shrew. Baker, N. & Lim, K. 2008. Carries its young, sometimes wrapped in the membrane. All Rights Reserved. Singapore. Are they related? Colugo: The Flying Lemur of South-East Asia by Norman Lim is exemplary of this latter form, combining novel scientific results with colorful commentary and background information to produce a relevant volume of wide interest. Other than climbing trees and snuggling its young, it can glide distances of more than a hundred metres. Visit the Singapore Botanic Gardens and you'll soon understand why this is the only tropical garden in the world that is World Heritage-listed. Species record last updated on: 12 September 2019. The message is clear: stay away from our territory! Nevertheless, it was a good lesson learnt. Journal of Mammalogy promotes interest in mammals by the publication of original research on their ecology, genetics, conservation, behavior, and physiology. I am glad they choose Bukit Timah Nature Reserve to be their habitat. Colugo: The flying lemur of South-east Asia. The most striking aspects of the book, adapted from Lim's undergraduate thesis at the National University of Singapore, are the stunning full-page photographs … The Sunda (or Malayan) flying lemur or “colugo” does not belong to the prosimian group like true lemurs, but is in a zoological order of its own, Dermoptera or "skinwings", which has only one genus and two species: the Philippine and Sunda flying lemurs. Upperparts may either be grey or reddish-brown, mostly with irregular black streaks and white blotches with whitish eye ring. The Sunda Flying Lemur (Galeopterus variegatus), also known as the Malayan Flying Lemur or Malayan Colugo, is a species of colugo found throughout South-East Asia. Tree of life shows that colugos are our nearest non-primate relatives. Colugos are also called flying lemur. Do standby the camera for that golden moment. The Sunda flying lemur is found throughout Southeast Asia in Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore. Distributed in Myanmar, Indochina, the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo and Java. Two species of colugos are found in the world but in Southeast Asia only. Many local naturalists were concerned that this might be a euphemism for urbanizing the area. The latter is mottled grayish or brownish on its upper parts and is paler below. Singapore: Draco Publishing & Distribution Pte Ltd and National University of Singapore. Conversely, the Philippine flying lemur (C. volans) is confined to the southern parts of the Philippines only. Do both colugos look fierce and are gritting their teeth? Singapore: Draco Publishing and Distribution Pte Ltd. 180pp Lim, N.. 2007. There are 2 species of colugo in the world; the Malayan Flying Lemur and the Philippine Flying Lemur. N. Lim/Nat. As it climbed higher and higher, it suddenly leaped away from the tree, opened out its "wing" fully and glided to another tree close by. Binomial:Galeopterus variegatusAudebert, 1799* *It has an older name:Cynocephalus variegatus Vernacular:Malayan Flying Lemur*, Malayan Colugo, Sunda Flying Lemur, Sunda Colugo In older literature, some names such as "flying cat", "cobego" or “Kubong” might still turn up. This is unlike other animals that look similar to one another from the same specie. However, one nature enthusiast managed to spot the rare creature at an estate along Hillview Avenue. Two free-ranging female Sunda colugos (Sunda flying lemur; Galeopterus variegates) were found dead in Singapore in November 2018 and February 2019. Please email for usage of this video. The Malayan colugos, or Sunda colugos, can be found in Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. "Flying Lemur thriving in Singapore's Nature Reserves" By Chang Ai-Lien The Straits Times on the Molluscan Trails forum About Norman Lim and his study of our wild colugos Fact sheet and photos of colugos on Kwok Wai's WildLife Singapore website Visit our forests to see our colugos I managed to capture 6 or 7 flying lemurs on photos on 5 visits with a DSLR, so the chances of spotting one of them is pretty high. It starts with a duet and ends with a frenzied chorus. As they were in the shade of the tree canopy, they appeared dark. This arboreal mammal uses a thin, blanket-like membrane extending between its front and hind limbs to glide through the jungle in silent escape. If you can't find them from the main road, go down Kruing Path, the junction at the top of the ramp-road near the hut, and then turn right to South View Path. Hopefully, walking in a different direction will increase your chance. Native to the temperate forests of South East Asia, throughout Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore, the Sunda flying lemur can glide for a distance of up to 100m, while only losing about 10m of elevation. #Asia; #cool; #monkey; Wild Dogs vs. Otters. Its tail length measures 18 to 27 cm (7.1 to 10.6 in), and its weight is 0.9 to 1.3 kg (2.0 to 2.9 lb). The well-maintained grounds, plant displays, and statues will keep you spellbound and strolling for hours. Three days later, a dark-coloured and white-spotted one was seen close to the last sighting of the duo. So, use the suggested trail below and check all directions, if possible. They glide through the air, with the aid of the large skin membranes between their limbs, when leaping from trees to trees. Digital Nature Archive Ecology Asia. 80 pp. Though they are the most capable of all … The top one shifted position later in the day and could be seen much more clearly in the sunlight. Singapore. The Malayan flying lemur (Cynocephalus variegatus) is a nocturnal mammalian arboreal folivore that inhabits the forests of Southeast Asia. Species: Malayan colugo (Cynocephalus variegatus), Philippines colugo (Cynocephalus volans). More Info at Wild Singapore website. Go up the main road (the "ramp") from the Visitor Centre till you reach the first hut. Find wild animals by Listening to the Rustles in the Leaves. Note that you will be at lower altitudes on the hillside paths, so you need to be looking up the trees. Flying lemurs are such wonderful creatures that I decided to share about them in this post. Two videos of … Its preference for primary forests is because of tree biodiversity as well as the presence of tall trees. Ecology: Native species. A month later, this baby colugo was spotted. The colugos are nocturnal animals and usually feed and move around at night, some times on the ground in search of food, and are always high up on the trees during the day. The photos in this post are taken using DSLR and in recent months only. Occurs mainly in forest, usually clinging to tree trunks, or suspended from horizontal branches. A brown-furred one this time, sticking its tongue out to clean its face. On closer inspection, it is actually a stripe of white fur above the mouth, not its teeth. The Sunda flying lemur is protected by national legislation. Wild animals of Singapore. From the fur colour and pattern, this colugo is yet another one. I didn't realised that the colugos wear different clothes until I saw the difference between this one and those from previous sightings. The National Orchid Garden is particularly delightful. Instead, it glides as it leaps among trees. Reassessing Colugo Phylogeny, Taxonomy, and Biogeography by Genome Wide Comparisons and DNA Capture Hybridization from Museum Specimens (Doctoral dissertation). They are actually named as "colugos", but the term "flying lemurs" has been so commonly used that the two terms became synonymous. The flight was over in less than a second. Colugos, also known as flying lemurs, are uncommon in Singapore. The one below was spotting dark (black or brown?) Adult, female, Singapore. For travellers who like to see wild animals, don't miss them when in Singapore. Someone commented that it's probably the prelude to mating. In Singapore, it occurs mainly in the Central Nature Reserves and adjacent plantations and parkland, and in the Bukit Batok Nature Park. fur with spots and patches of white. It is strictly arboreal, is active at night, and feeds on soft plant parts such as young leaves, shoots, flowers, and fruits. Also, if you see photographers aiming their cameras at something in the trees, do ask them what are they are photographing. Don't miss the flying lemurs and other wild animals when you are in Bukit Timah Nature Reserve next time. The head-body length of Sunda flying lemur is about 33 to 42 cm (13 to 17 in). It is monotypic of its genus. Mobile phones usually cannot zoom in close enough and with clarity. #Asia; #cool; #Planet Earth ; Siamang Gibbons Send a Message. The above photo was shot in March 2017. It was the first time a bold colugo exposed itself so openly and less than 3 metres above ground. External Links. The MacRitchie forest is one of the few habitats that the Flying Lemur thrives in. Thank You. Check for flying lemurs in areas where there are tall trees. Occurs mainly in the Central Nature Reserves and adjacent plantations and parkland, and in Bukit Batok Nature Park. Pei Yee Oh's 4 research works with 8 citations and 1,100 reads, including: Hematology and serum biochemistry of captive Sunda pangolin (Manis javanica) in Wildlife Reserves Singapore If you still can't find any of them, walk back in reverse direction till you reach the hut on top of the ramp-road. Usually clinging on tree trunk or gliding between trees. Singapore: Draco Publishing and Distribution Pte Ltd. 180pp. 'Flying lemurs' are primates' closest kin. Muzzle is pointed and eyes very large, feet with large claws. Continue to look for them while on the paths. Watch your footsteps while walking, and stand still before looking up. They will not be in those places either as they need clear paths to glide from trees to trees. English: A colugo (Galeopterus variegatus, adult female), seen in the Central Catchment Nature Reserve, Singapore. They neither fly nor are they lemurs (a kind of primate endemic to the island of Madagascar). After less than an hour of being there, it started to climb up the tree. The trail will lead you back to the Visitor Centre. Surveys were conducted from August to November 2003 to estimate the population density of Malayan flying lemurs for the first time in the Singapore Zoological Gardens. Order: DERMOPTERA Family: Cynocephalidae Species: Galeopterus (or Cynocephalus) variegatus Colugos are arboreal gliding mammals found in Southeast Asia. Please support us by allowing Google Ads on our website. On the same day (actually, it's the day before this post was published), another colugo was seen on a tree right in front of the Visitor Centre. Its fur pattern is somewhat similar to the first one. Malayan Colugo | Low C H, Flickr ✿⊱╮ Galeopyerus variegatus--The Sunda flying lemur--found throughout Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore. For over 150 years, this has been the green heart of the city. Notice that some of the colugos in the photos are clinging to thick tree trunks, you will not see them if you happen to be checking out the trees from the wrong direction. Most distinctive feature is the extensive skin membrane which extends from neck to forelimbs, along side of body, hind limbs and encloses the tail. Philippine colugos are of a different specie that can only be found in the southern islands of the Philippines, but their population is decreasing due to poaching for their meat and fur and clearing of rainforests. The lip is just a thin line below the white stripe. © 2016 - 2020 iPackTravel.com. © 2019 Flora Fauna Web. Mason, V. C. (2016). All rights reserved. Too bad I was not videoing it, if not, it would be easier to see how it moved. Thanks! Feeds on leaves, leaf shoots and flower buds. They may point out a Malayan colugo to you. I was telezooming my camera and not able to catch that precious flying moment on photo, but I did witness it with my own eyes. I will try for another chance again. Jia-Wei Woo ’s video clip of a pair of Malayan Colugo (Cynocephalus variegates), also known as Flying Lemur, was documented at the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve (below). Lim, N. (2007). Although called a flying lemur, it cannot fly and is not a lemur. It is reported that there are approximately 1500 Malayan Flying Lemurs in Singapore. The other is the Bukit Timah forest and some patches found in the Central Catchment Nature Reserve. They are herbivorous and feed on leaves, flowers, shoots and fruits. Not sure if this was one of the duo (the lower one). It was a weekday and with few visitors, so it probably got bolder than usual. And it's probably a male. The Philippine flying lemur or Philippine colugo (Cynocephalus volans), known locally as kagwang, is one of two species of colugo or "flying lemurs." This is also a golden opportunity for visitors to take close-up photos of the mammal and study it closely. Interestingly, although the Malayan colugos found in Bukit Timah Nature Reserve belongs to the same specie, they put on different fur colours and patterns. Flying lemurs are such wonderful creatures that I decided to share about them in this post. Although they can be found in some forests in Southeast Asia, the smaller forest area in Singapore and terrain of Bukit Timah Hill allows them to be spotted much more easily. iPackTravel.com. It is a skillful climber but is helpless on the ground. Tracking gliding behavior in the 'flying' lemur TheAllINeed.com (NC&T/UCB) Researchers in Singapore, the United Kingdom and at the University of California, Berkeley, are discovering how these animals move with the help of a miniature backpack outfitted with accelerometers. While they can climb trees with ease, they are slow and clumsy when on the ground. There are just two species each in its own genus, which makes up the entire family Cynocephalidae and order Dermoptera. The Sunda flying lemur is widely distributed throughout Southeast Asia, ranging from the Sunda Shelf mainland to other islands – Northern Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia (Peninsular, Sabah and Sarawak), Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatera, Bali, Java), and many adjacent islands. However, there are not closely related to the true lemur, which are found in Madagascar. Singapore Biodiversity Records. May 2017. Common, but with a restricted distribution. Baker, N. & Lim, K. 2008. Although they can be found in some forests in Southeast Asia, the smaller forest area in Singapore and terrain of Bukit Timah Hill allows them to be spotted much more easily. I am glad they choose Bukit Timah Nature Reserve to be their habitat. This caught visitors by surprise. Check them out. From the numerous photos that I took of the colugo climbing up the tree, this photo shows it peeing after lifting its "skirt". All rights reserved. Colugo caught gliding from tree to tree while on the move. Wild animals of Singapore. In Singapore, it can be found in the Central Catchment area. In 2014, the Singapore government closed the Bukit Timah Reserve for unspecified "upgrades". They are shy and friendly creatures. Instead, it glides as it leaps among trees. Next time a colugo climbs higher up, it is preparing to jump. By the way, to take photos of colugos, you will need a camera with tele-zooming capabilities, and mounted on a tripod, as they are usually up on tall trees and under shades. I was using mobile phones for several sightings until I started to bring my DSLR to the nature reserve. Skip areas with dense vegetation, you won't be able to see them through thick vegetation. Flying Lemurs of Bukit Timah Nature Reserve. Vertebrata: Mammalia: Dermoptera (Flying Lemurs Or Colugos): Cynocephalidae (Colugos) Residency Status: Native. If you see something gliding around at night, it might be a flying lemur. 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