Contents 1934–1950: 1950–1965: 1965–1969: 1969–1975: 1975–1993: 1993–2007: 2007–present: General Post Office 1934–1950. In addition, there were fifteen cross-country mail coaches delivering post around the country. Under the new scheme, the sender would prepay to send their letter, eliminating the chance that the recipient would refuse the delivery. Blunderbuss is a short, large caliber, muzzle loaded firearm that is used with shot or other similar projectiles. Thanks for reading the intriguing question. 3Blunderbuss is a short, large caliber, muzzle loaded firearm that is used with shot or other similar projectiles. I had been told that young lads were runners, and used some paths that lead across extensive moors to the centre of Sutherland. 1969 was another poignant year for the organisation as the GPO was dissolved to become known as the Post Office for the first time. Celebrating 80 years of the Speaking Clock. Would non-urgent post be saved up to be sent until a trip to the post box/office was ordered or urgently required? Postoffice names were derived from several sources, including names of towns, townships,neighborhoods, crossroads, or from the postmaster's name or place of business. Sheets of 240 stamps were arranged in 20 rows of 12 columns and each stamp was printed with different letters on the bottom corners in such a way that no two stamps from the same sheet would carry the same letters. Ours is much more secure but seems a lot of work if you tot up all the trips to all the post boxes since before 1844. Letters still moved very slowly. The four main post roads ran between London, Dover, Plymouth, and Edinburgh with Bristol and Yarmouth being added by the end of the century. The envelopes had similar lines with a different placement and had decorative drawings although these were commonly criticised as being too elaborate for the purpose, allowing no room for an address. Enter your email address below to get the latest news and exclusive content from The History Press delivered straight to your inbox. No other companies were permitted at this time to print postcards . Available for up to 3 months. 2dly. Before 1891, the Post Office Department had no written policies about post office names. Accessed July 22, 2015. http://bit.ly/1Om5blh. The first person to fly as a passenger was Leon … They were printed on a specific paper manufactured by Mr. John Dickinson and the covers had three red lines inserted in the woof of the paper towards the inner side and three blue lines towards the outside of the cover. As a newly formed mutual organisation, independence from Royal Mail enabled the Post Office to make independent strategic decisions. In 1784, a plan to speed up mail delivery and make it more reliable was devised by John Palmer, a proprietor of the Bath theater. A major history of the British Post Office. It’s been difficult for me to find information about how letters were delivered in the 18th century in England. The penny stamp was for letters weighing up to half an ounce, while the two penny stamp could be used on letters up to a full ounce in weight. 1st. I no longer live in Sutherland but intend to find out how this has come about. By the outbreak of the conflict in 1914, the Post Office employed over 250,000 people and nearly a quarter of these were enlisted with the army. That a recommendation be issued from the Post Office that a letter-box with open mouth be fixed in every door, into which the letter carrier may slip all letters and newspapers with which he may be charged for each house, continuing to knock or ring, as at present, in case of no payment being required; in which case, having rung so as to warn the inmates of his call he may save much time, by passing to the next house, without waiting for the answer to his summons. By 1901, 126 to 128 Derby Road was labelled as a post office. Under the guise of the General Post Office (GPO), it soon grew as an important organisation integral within the infrastructure of England during the seventeenth century. These initial military connections to the GPO were then to be magnified as the organisation played a pivotal role during the First World War. How militant were women’s suffrage campaigners in Gloucestershire. History Talk (0) Share. Accessed July 22, 2015. http://royalmailheritage.com/main.php. If the name of the office is in one of the chronological lists for the county, it can usually be presumed to be a new office. Thanks for the interesting read. The roads that they travelled on were in exceedingly poor repair with deep ruts and so dark at night that the road was almost impossible to distinguish from the surrounding countryside, slowing their journey even more. Find out more International Standard. I am trying to find out about postal runners or walkers who served the folk in the 16th or 17th c. in Sutherland, especially in remote places. Up until that time, the post system was reserved for the use of the King and his Court. However, letters usually had to be taken to the nearest letter receiving office which could be miles away. This was good. I remain, sir, your very obedient servant, D. 4“Letter to the Editor.” London Evening Standard – Friday 22 November 1844, November 20, 1844. http://bit.ly/1Ko4xmy. As a result British postal rates were high and complex. I have been looking all over and can find no account of what happens once I write my letter and hand it to my servant. The post office was established in 1712, five years after the unification of Scotland and England. Thank you, there is a gravestone in Balnacoil, by Brora, of a post lad that died in a snowstorm. in the 1940s to 1950s. 1661 The postage date stamp was first used, and the first Postmaster General was appointed. … 1894. As a young child, I lived in Edgware which had been built in the 1930s as part of London's suburbia, and it was therefore quite modern in the 1940s when I first knew it. I’m reading Agatha Christie’s “The Secret Adversary” and saw this: “She had arranged before leaving the Ritz to have all letters or messages sent on at once by special messenger to a small stationer’s shop near at hand.” I think I’ve seen something similar in other books. The Post Office dates way back to 1660 when it was established by Charles II. Stamps, covers and envelopes could be purchased from the post office or from licensed stamp distributors in various quantities with the stamps costing 1d or 2d each, the covers costing £1. 1660 Charles II established the General Post Office. However, the oldest functioning post office as claimed by the British Postal Museum is located on the High Street in Sanquhar, Scotland. It seems clear that the postman (presumably) has at no point in British history collected outbound mail, like a mailbox with a flag as the US developed. Irish Post Office history An Post plays a central role in Irish life and society, offering a wide range of services from the provision of pensions to parcel collection. This was an invaluable source to those whose families were cleared from their homes. Prior to that, people had flown only in balloons and gliders. (Public Domain/St. From there the previous telecommunications arm of the Post Office disappeared in 1981 when the British Telecommunications Corporation was formed. A key moment in terms of the developing infrastructure of the postal network came in 1829 when the first purpose-built mail facility was fully operational. A letter sent to Edinburgh from London might not receive a response for nearly two months. Post office definition, an office or station of a government postal system at which mail is received and sorted, from which it is dispatched and distributed, and at which stamps are sold or other services rendered. New adhesive stamps made pre-payment of postage easy. Under these early schemes, the receiver had to pay the postage on their letter, rather than the sender and the rate was based on the distance the letter had travelled. By latter half of the eighteenth century, the post system had grown and the cost of a letter had gone up, but little else had changed. Still can't find what you're looking for? In order to speed the delivery of their letters, some would package them in a parcel so they could be delivered by one of the coaches that ran from one town to another, rather than trusting them to the postal service. The local museum says that they are unable to do anything about this situation. Edit. I’m trying to find out what it was practically like to send outgoing mail during this period. Some … Very few private letters were allowed so merchants had to depend on commercial carriers or their own private arrangements. ... Post Office branch of your choice, anywhere in the UK. Those not wanting to pay the postage could refuse the letter. Do let me know if you have any other details. It was over 100 years later when the next significant milestone in the life of the GPO saw uniformed post men take to the street for the first time (1793). The company's subsidiary Royal Mail Group Limited operates the brands Royal Mail (letters) and Parcelforce Worldwide (parcels). Located in St Martin’s Le Grand, EC2, the building designed by Sir Robert Smirke was 400ft long by 80ft deep. Early History In 1861 the Post Office Savings Bank Act enabled the General Post Office (GPO) to provide a simple savings scheme for ordinary wage earners. Learn how your comment data is processed. You don’t mention which country you are researching, but a book I can highly recommend is “The Diary of Robert Sharp of South Cave – Life in a Yorkshire Village 1812-1837”, edited by Janice E Crowther and Peter A. Crowther. For well over 100 years before the introduction of postcodes in the latter half of the 20th century, the post townwas a fundamental unit of a postal address, and remains so today. The invention of the adhesive postage stamp by Sir Rowland Hill in 1837 was a key milestone for the Post Office and just three years later the Penny Black was established. Letters sent through the public postal service could travel only over these routes. I’ve tried searching online, but I’m not coming up with anything about how or why people had their mail delivered to a stationer’s. To try and have some organization, former English teacher Sir Rowland Hill was instructed by the General Post Office to devise a new system. A reliable and easy way to send parcels anywhere in the world. Where did you learn this? Find out what you can and cannot post in the UK. “Travel through Time with Royal Mail.” Royal Mail. The city was divided into seven postal districts, each with a sorting office. 1870 - First postcards issued in the UK. The stamps, covers and envelopes had several features to prevent forgeries. Network modernisation, including extended opening hours and a reduction of the Crown network by moving Crown post offices into shops, is laying the foundations for the Post Office Ltd to evolve further moving forward. The position later became the Postmaster General – a role which continued for more than 450 years until it was finally abolished in 1969. As well as the 12,000 men who fought with the Post Office Rifles regiment, some 35,000 women were employed in temporary positions during the Great War as the GPO played a pivotal role in maintaining communications throughout the conflict. All the old gates also. How interesting. I’m not familiar with this but it sounds very interesting. I have never heard of it before but will do some searching. A quick search of newspapers doesn’t bring any results so my assumption is that it wasn’t a common term. jQuery('#footnote_plugin_tooltip_578_1_4').tooltip({ tip: '#footnote_plugin_tooltip_text_578_1_4', tipClass: 'footnote_tooltip', effect: 'fade', predelay: 0, fadeInSpeed: 200, delay: 400, fadeOutSpeed: 200, position: 'top right', relative: true, offset: [10, 10], }); Thank you for this interesting narrative. Ten years later the Postal Services Act 2011 was significant in that it led to the Post Office Ltd becoming independent of the Royal Mail Group as of 1 April 2012. The London mail system was absorbed into the Post Office. The Royal Mail was instituted by James I in 1603 and carried letters for the king and his court. Accessed July 22, 2015. As the first stamp issued anywhere in the world for sending letters the Penny Black Stamp remains iconic to this day and led to the introduction of the Post Office pillar box in 1852. Thus the Savings Bank opened for business on Monday 16th September 1861 in two small rooms within the Post Office headquarters, (GPO East) St. Martins-le-Grand, … The introduction of the Penny Black was responsible for the introduction of the Uniform Penny Post, a uniform postal rate which cut administrative costs and encouraged use of the postal system and adhesive postage stamps. The stamps were backed with a glutinous wash on back and were sold either in sheets or cut up ready for use. By 1792, there were sixteen coaches that left Lombard Street in London daily with as many inbound. Fortunately, advances in digital technology ensured that by 1992 we were well on the way to having a fully integrate… They carried letters on horseback and, being so poorly paid, they sometimes robbed the post bags they carried. Dockwra’s efforts were put to and end when he was taken to court and found to be guilty of infringement in a judgement that found in favour of the Duke of York who had been the recipient of the revenue of the official post office since 1663. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Accessed July 22, 2015. Charles I, who was always s… The Louth-London Royal Mail by Charles Cooper Henderson, 1820, The headquarters of the General Post Office in St Martins-le-Grand in the City of London, late 1820s, Clerks at work in a London post office circa 1808, Royal Mail ‘Post Office Regulations’ handbill giving details of the Uniform Penny Post, dated 7 January 1840, The Inland Letter Office at the General Post Office in 1845, 24th Middlesex Rifle Volunteers (Post Office Rifles) in 1895, Ambulance detachment, 24th Middlesex Rifle Volunteers (Post Office Rifles), 1897. These were plain cards, front and back with a pre-printed stamp and were published by the Post Office. Not only could coaches travel eight miles an hour, Palmer further proposed that the coaches be guarded by men armed with blunderbusses to ensure their safe arrival. Royal Mail Group plc is a British multinational postal service and courier company, originally established in 1516 as a department of the English government. 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