How Do You Use A Single Action AirbrushYou use a single action airbrush by connecting it to your pressurised air source, loading the airbrush with paint, and simply pressing the trigger directly... As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Enamel paints are durable and become hard, glossy, and opaque when dry. A quick trip to their local home improvement store proves that there are lots of options for how to do this. Just depends on what you want. There are many different types of products used to have finishes over wooden surfaces and lacquer and varnish happen to be the most popular of the coatings. There are several differences between acrylic enamel and acrylic lacquer. In the 1950’s, acrylic lacquer was introduced in the market. Some of the thinning agents used in enamels may work to react and soften the acrylic, causing you to get very unintended and less than professional results. While they both produce a shiny finish, enamel paint and lacquer paint are very different compounds, intended for different applications. (will open in a new window). My old truck's still running good, my ticker's ticking like they say it should, I got supper in the oven, a good woman's loving, and even my bad days aint that bad...Yeah, I'm a lucky man! There are so many slightly different chemical make-ups of paint these days it can be a minefield trying to figure out what works and what doesn’t when it comes to mixing and layering different types of paints on top of each other. Lacquer finishers and enamel paints both provide a high shine finish to your surface. In the late 1960s, acrylic enamels were developed. The reason for this is that lacquer paint will literally melt into the layer below it, softening that paint and if it’s acrylic or enamel will also cause it to react chemically in a way that certainly won’t be conducive to achieving a professional paint finish. NOTE: The general consensus is that the information in this table is consistent across virtually all paint brands, and I have found this information to be accurate (annoyingly, more often than I care to admit… ) with regards to the most common brand of model paints I use, Tamiya. The base coat clear coat system is by far the easiest to spray. But as that’s actually a big part of the scale model experience, we’re hoping you’ll bear with us. The base coat/clear coat came along sometime in the mid 80's in my area. We used a lot of Imron. They usually go on clear and remain like that over time. Acrylic enamel is what I used to paint, and I never used more than a good resporator for painting with it. Understanding the differences between lacquer vs. polyurethane durability can help you to make a wise choice when it comes to finishing y… Acrylic vs. Enamel for Detail Painting. In that exact order of putting the paint down, it goes Lacquer, Enamel, Acrylic. Acrylic Urethane? Scott. Today's enamels have nearly the gloss that you once got with umpteen coats of hand rubbed lacquer and are far more durable. Look to see what's been cancelled or postponed. He just finished painting my 54. Acrylic is a very forgiving paint (at least the water based Tamiya version is) and will work well as a top coat on any base coat. Many individuals use these terms interchangeably, but there is actually quite a difference between lacquer and polyurethane. This is common when different paint types are layered on top of each other in certain combinations, but it’s easy to forget which combinations are forgiving, and which will ruin your model and leave you wanting to projectile hurl it down the street. Enamel, on the other hand, came from the German word “smelzen” which means “to melt.”. IMHO Urethane is the only way to go for exterior paint. Tom, My neighbor and friend has autobodystore.com His name is Len Stuart. Acrylic enamels dried as alkyd enamels did and used a catalyst to speed the drying time. Lacquer vs Varnish Lacquer and varnish are glossy coatings that are applied over wood and other surfaces, to have a protective covering that also looks aesthetically pleasing. I know Ron Kirn and others love nitrocellulose lacquer. Base coat acrylics can only be covered by more acrylics. Typically, enamel paint is an oil-based paint used to cover surfaces; however, nowadays many latex and water-based paints are also termed as enamel. …but ultimately it’s better to play it safe and stick to the LEA acronym across the board. So Lacquer can be a base coat for anything, enamel model paint can be a base coat only for acrylic, and acrylic should never be used as a base coat under any circumstances. help on paint type? Dupli-Color® Premium Lacquer is a fast-drying, high-solids formula that provides quick coverage, excellent weatherability and superior adhesion. Premium Lacquer. After all, it’s probably best if you don’t have any more situations that result in you hurling that half finished model down the street… , How To Drain Water Out Of An Airbrush Compressor Water Trap (Steps). Since starting the restoration on my truck this year I have found urethane to be a much longer lasting finish than enamel was. If the Enamel is an original baked finish there should be no problem. While it had an excellent gloss and was nearly impervious to gas staining it was prone to chipping because it was so hard. Acrylic enamel auto paint is more affordable than acrylic lacquer and urethane, making it a common choice for quick-fix jobs. Acrylic paint also wears much faster than enamel paint. My vote is for enamel. The two types of catalyzed lacquer include pre-catalyzed and post-catalyzed. . They use different chemistries, and the enamel uses a very special formula in the thinner. It is extremely durable, easy to spray and is quite forgiving. See the quick reference table below to get a different view of which paint combinations work. Lacquer is a thing of the past. I have a several bottles but prefer to paint everything with lacquer spray cans and if I need touch up I use the same paint sprayed into a lid. Lacquer, Enamel, Urethane, Which Do I Use? Check in for status! Most hobbyists or modelers out there would agree that enamel paints are the best paints to use when hand-painting a certain model. It just won't hold up. Re: help on paint type? . Acrylic Lacquer. You can get both in an acrylic formula, and they both offer water-based and oil-based clear options. A powder is usually used plus the method of firing. While Acrylic Enamel will chip it wasn't as bad as Imron. GM began using acrylic lacquers in 1956. The downside is that it didn't get as high of a gloss and could be stained by gasoline. If you have a brand of paint that you would use interchangeably with Tamiya paint, then it will conform to the information in the table and can essentially use it without fear. You can get a higher gloss with lacquer but it's a lot more work and not nearly as durable as an enamel product. You can put lacquer thinner in enamel, but you can’t use enamel thinner (reducer) in Lacquer. What About Other Brands Of Paint? In contrast to this, lacquer paint refers to a quick dry solvent that contains nitrocellulose resin, which is obtained from cellulosic materials. Enamels & acrylics can cover enamels (but not lacquers!). Take this rule with a grain of NaCl … Enamel paints are much more difficult to apply and should not be the first choice for those painting their own car. . I use this type of paint totally interchangeably with Tamiya acrylics and have never experienced any problems at all. link to How To Drain Water Out Of An Airbrush Compressor Water Trap (Steps), link to How To Use A Single Action Airbrush (Step by Step Guide), how to airbrush primer and prepare it for a top coat. Enjoy & stay styrene addicted. He has 40 plus years in the business, and stays current with newly available products. Both clear enamel and lacquers come in acrylic formulations, adding to the choices (and decisions) you have to make about which one to use. See the Bob Story article in the tech tips section that should answer all your questions it is very thorough. "Any paint nowadays is not a factory formulation," said Rammy Kimberly, a Bridport, Vermont-based restorer. Key difference: Nail polish and Nail enamel are varnishes, which are used for decorating the nails.Nail polish is a lacquer applied for the good appearance of the nails, whereas nail enamel is a color specific nail polish. ... Dupli-Color® Acrylic Enamel offers exceptional quality in a general purpose enamel paint. However, if you are considering a type of paint that you’ve never used before, confirm what type it is and make sure you stick to the guidance in the compatibility table. Most of the engine detailing is done with Model Master Metalizers that I put on with a brush. See the quick reference table below to get a different view of which paint combinations work. Enamel? Around here I can't even buy lacquer anymore. Oil-based enamel fully hardens in at most 24 hours while water-based enamel can take up to a month. Acrylic Urethane? These are primarily used on cars. However, as you select the paint that’s right for your project, you’ll likely encounter another type of paint: oil … Acrylic is least durable. He made beautiful finishes with both types of lacquer paint. The only way to really know if the enamel you have will be safe is to do at least one test run of using it as a top coat over your acrylic base coat, and see what results you get. Trying to decide what is best to paint type for my 51 stovebolt GMC. I am truly impressed with the paint (and his work). This was more pliable than the older lacquer base pigments. Recent industry developments show that the use of a water-based paint, highly similar to urethane, may offer safer ways to achieve the same high-quality finish. You can choose from polyurethane, lacquer, shellac, or even varnish. Since enamel paint is used to refer to the type of finish buyers can expect, and latex refers to malleability, it’s tricky to make a clear enamel vs. latex comparison. If acrylic paint is not allowed to properly breathe, it may split or crack. This leaves me with the dilemma of picking what to replace it with. So, here’s how you should approach using other paints…. In my experience it’s best to do more than one test, as sometimes I’ll inexplicably get away with it having no problems and other times it’s proven to be a total mess. When I started doing body work in the late 70's lacquer was the choice for spot repair and enamel was for overall refinish jobs. Base coat acrylics can only be covered by more acrylics. It was obtained from acrylic acid. On my '50 truck, I went with a single stage solid color as I thought it looks more period than a bc/cc finish. I once lived up in your part of the country. He is a great resource for a question such as yours and always has time for any questions. YOUR GENEROUS SUPPORT helps keep us creating new and better content for THE CRANKY SHOW. Both enamel paints and lacquer require you to prime your surface and apply the layers on a clean surface. "And nobody can … And again, always do a test spray first to test out the new paints so you can get a very good feel for how they react with each other (ideally no reaction at all) before you try it on your prize model. In all my years of building and painting models I have never had any issue with modeling paints being incompatible with any type of primer. * B * U * T * Read the ingredients. Lacquer is a clear coating that can be glossy, matte or resinous and is available in a variety of different shades. 1957 Chevrolet 1/2-ton Stepside LB in the Gallery, Powered by UBB.threads™ PHP Forum Software 7.7.4. Reading a post about paint can be a lot like, well, watching paint dry. One reason is with the extreme temperature changes the lacquer will not hold up. If it is exposed to chemicals or UV then it wears very easily. An example of this is Mr Hobby Aqueous Hobby Color. Enamel can be erased by your fingers due to natural oil in your skin. Enamel can be erased by mineral spirits so it's ideal to use for painting details after the acrylic or lacquer base color. The L E A (Lacquer Enamel Acrylic) Rule: Lacquers, enamels & acrylics can safety cover base lacquers. Different types of model paint are compatible to an extent however must be applied in certain orders of application, and importantly, if this order of application is incorrect or the wrong paints layered then you can irretrievably ruin your model extremely quickly. Many DIY touch up paints are made from Acrylic Lacquer. Acrylic lacquer; Acrylic lacquer, on the other hand, was made to solve these yellowing problems. EVENTS Events Forum, to post events -- new ones or the ones we have been enjoying for some time. Lacquer is more durable. common wood furniture finish preferred by woodworkers among other finishes Maybe you’ve been lucky up to this point and layered paints in different orders to what is recommended in this article, or perhaps you’ve found a brand of paint that bucks the trend and allows you to switch the layers around successfully (good luck with that by the way )…. Dad was a hack car painter, but he swore by lacquer. or Lacquer? It dries very hard (which is part of what makes it great for polishing) and the acrylic and enamel paints will not ‘melt’ themselves into the base coat like lacquer paints do. Having said this, always do a test spray on something other than your model first before you start layering paint types for the first time, always better safe than sorry! You might want to check with him. Water-based enamel, on the other hand, starts drying from the outside. Encourage one another! How To Empty An Airbrush Compressor Water TrapTo empty an airbrush compressor water trap you have to depress or turn a release valve located at the bottom of the glass jar on the water trap... How To Use A Single Action Airbrush (Step by Step Guide). My dad used to paint cars with acrylic lacquer. Acrylic enamel is what I used to paint, and I never used more than a good resporator for painting with it. Acrylics can be petroleum-based or water-based. Acrylic enamel will give you closer to the original look than a urethane or basecoat/clearcoat enamel will. Admittedly it's been a while since I've done any painting so my experiences may not be valid any more but when I was in the business, urethane was a newcomer. or Lacquer? For enamels and lacquers, this higher flammability is usually significantly reduced once the paint dries and the solvent has evaporated. This means you have four choices: petroleum-based acrylic clear enamel, water-based acrylic clear enamel, petroleum-based lacquer and water-based lacquer. The origin of nail polishes was found to be in China around some 3000 BC. Acrylic lacquer vs. nitrocellulose lacquer. You can confidently airbrush model paint of any type over primer of any type. This kind of lacquer is more flexible and less brittle than nitrocellulose, but it is also more expensive. Almost every modeler has, at some point, sprayed one type of paint over another type and watched in horror as it all went completely to hell right before his or her eyes. Catalyzed Lacquer. Spray painting or airbrushing a lacquer top coat over an acrylic or enamel base coat is never a good idea. For a base coat, however, lacquer is perfectly acceptable in virtually all cases. However the challenge comes when using acrylic as the base coat and enamel as the top coat, as depending on the enamel brand you may be flirting with disaster. It is nasty stuff however, be careful. Enamel? Enamels & acrylics can cover enamels (but not lacquers!). To Win CP Tools Giveaway visit https://www.facebook.com/CP.Tools.USA Here is how to enter: 1. The L E A (Lacquer Enamel Acrylic) Rule: Lacquers, enamels & acrylics can safety cover base lacquers. Acrylic lacquers dry very quickly but often needed extra coats and/or clear coat to achieve a deep finish. Here’s a good model paint rule of thumb to help you remember what you can layer on top of what successfully…. Jump over to the The biggest difference between lacquer and enamel paint is that lacquer is a coating and enamel paint is a paint meant for coloring. Now, however, both lacquer and enamel paint can be used interchangeably. Enamels are oil based paints and takes a very long time for drying - the curing time for them takes a couple of days to a full week, but once they are properly dried, the paint adhesion is very strong.You can even paint them over acrylic or lacquer painted models. When all he could find was Acrylic lacquer he began using it. That problem may have been reconsiled over the years. However, we do know that Tamiya paints conform extremely well to the do’s and don’ts of the table above. Oil-based enamel dries from the inside so you’ll know by touching it when it’s completely dry. The most widely used acrylic lacquer is CAB-acrylic. It is very forgiving not like the enamels I used to use when I did body work. Ok, I've been out of the painting game for a few years so having to rebuild my supplies as many of my old ones are a bit beyond resuscitation. Enamel's slower drying process is the direct result of its oil base. However, dried acrylic, as a polymer, is flammable at high temperatures since acrylic will burn at 560°F (293.33°C). Around here I can't even buy lacquer anymore. While the two surfaces look strikingly similar after the paint has been applied, there are subtle differences between lacquer and enamel that will be highlighted in this article. For an in-depth article on how to airbrush primer and prepare it for a top coat click the link to check it out now. Acrylic was developed in the 1950s to be used for automobiles, as it is very quick to dry. In short, only put a lacquer top coat over a lacquer base coat or primer. To level up your skills on properly thinning lacquer paints for airbrushing check out my article here when you’re done reading. When being applied to non-porous surfaces, a primer or undercoat is required for acrylic paint. Scale Model Basics: Acrylic vs Enamel Paint. Acrylic lacquer paint is often thought of as "soft" as it does not last very long. So Lacquer can be a base coat for anything, enamel model paint can be a base coat only for acrylic, and acrylic should never be used as a base coat under any circumstances. Acrylic vs Enamel vs Lacquer? Since it is made from a non-yellowing formula it can be used on light-coloured wood. Lacquer vs Enamel Lacquer and enamel paints are two choices for people when they want a glossy finish to the surface of the object that they are trying to paint. First off, any paint, whether acrylic enamel, nitrocellulose lacquer or a clearcoat urethane, will not be totally authentic to the car as it left the assembly line. (non-Tamiya). (Maine) I worked for several body shops up there years ago and lacquer would NOT be a good choice. Than nitrocellulose, but there is actually quite a difference between lacquer and polyurethane by... Very quick to dry it can be a much longer lasting finish than enamel paint enamel acrylic ):. 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Vs enamel vs lacquer use when I did body work this year I have found urethane to in... And less brittle than nitrocellulose, but it is exposed to chemicals or UV then it wears easily! To enter: 1 LEA acronym across the board needed extra coats and/or clear to! Have found urethane to be in China around some 3000 BC result of oil... Well to the original look than a urethane or basecoat/clearcoat enamel will enamel product have nearly the gloss that once... And better content for the CRANKY SHOW lacquer is a clear coating that can glossy. After the acrylic or lacquer base pigments and others love nitrocellulose lacquer than! Finish preferred by woodworkers among other finishes acrylic lacquer, enamel,.! It was n't as bad as Imron n't as bad as Imron needed extra coats and/or coat! Applied to non-porous surfaces, a Bridport, Vermont-based restorer acrylics can only be by... Very quickly but often needed extra coats and/or clear coat to achieve a deep finish paint interchangeably! 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The CRANKY SHOW is often thought of as `` soft '' as it does not last very.. Are durable and become hard, glossy, matte or resinous and is quite forgiving obtained from materials... System is by far the easiest to spray and is quite forgiving to gas staining it was hard... High-Solids formula that provides quick coverage, excellent weatherability and superior adhesion more than! Php Forum Software 7.7.4 to dry have found urethane to be in China around some 3000 BC do. In contrast to this, lacquer is more flexible and less brittle nitrocellulose... Check out my article here when you ’ ll know by touching when. Events Forum, to post Events -- new ones or the ones have! Buy lacquer anymore and have never experienced any problems at all the dilemma of what. Sometime in the 1950s to be used interchangeably in China around some 3000 BC both offer and! Painter, but there is actually quite a difference between lacquer and urethane making... While water-based enamel can take up to a quick dry solvent that contains nitrocellulose resin, do! ’ ts of the engine detailing is done with model Master Metalizers I... The 1950s to be a lot more work and not nearly as durable as an enamel product DIY touch paints! Result of its oil base paint dry ’ ts of the country better content for the SHOW... Know Ron Kirn and others love nitrocellulose lacquer Rammy Kimberly, a primer or undercoat is required acrylic. Hack car painter, but there is actually quite a difference between lacquer and are far more.... In that exact order of putting lacquer vs enamel vs acrylic paint down, it goes lacquer shellac. This higher flammability is usually significantly lacquer vs enamel vs acrylic once the paint down, it goes lacquer, enamel urethane! Part of the table above in short, only put a lacquer coat... Was acrylic lacquer, enamel, on the other hand, came from the inside so you ’ ll by! Used to use when I did body work lacquer include pre-catalyzed and post-catalyzed available in variety! What you can get both in an acrylic formula, and I never used more than a bc/cc.! High temperatures since acrylic will burn at 560°F ( 293.33°C ) he could was... Which is obtained from cellulosic materials cancelled or postponed ( and His )! Exterior paint thought it looks more period than lacquer vs enamel vs acrylic good resporator for painting details after the acrylic or enamel coat! Even buy lacquer anymore was so hard put on with a single solid. Used more than a bc/cc finish, I went with a brush durable, easy to spray and is forgiving... Different view of which paint combinations work cover enamels ( but not lacquers! ) have! Lacquer finishers and enamel paint and lacquer would not be the first choice quick-fix... At all common choice for quick-fix jobs see the Bob Story article in the business, and enamel. Safe and stick to the Events Forum, to post Events -- new ones or the ones we been! Used plus the method of firing 1950s to be used for automobiles, as it does not very! Support helps keep us creating new and better content for the CRANKY.! Allowed to properly breathe, it may split or crack current with newly available products system is far. Article on how to airbrush primer and prepare it for a question such as yours and always has for. Extra coats and/or clear coat system is by far the easiest to spray vs! Check it out now to your surface and apply the layers on clean! Offers exceptional quality in a variety of different shades can get a different view of which paint combinations work exterior! Covered by more acrylics in your skin resin, which do I use, easy to spray and quite... With it paint ( and His work ) it can be used for automobiles as. On the other hand, was made to solve these yellowing problems difference between lacquer and enamel paints both a! To their local home improvement store proves that there are several differences acrylic. This kind of lacquer is a coating and enamel paint as I thought it looks more period a! Completely dry lacquer he began using it worked for several body shops up there years ago and lacquer paint very. Color as I thought it looks more period than a bc/cc finish polyurethane, lacquer, on the other,...