Fruits are medium sized with light yellow coloured skin, … the yield analysis was based on 50 mangos of each variety/size cut at optimal ripeness. Yields higher than 65 tons have been recorded, especially for Granny Smith, but have often resulted in an average fruit size that is smaller than the target size of between 74 and 76 millimeters in diameter (box size 88). USE A KNIFE OR PEELER TO REMOVE THE SKIN. Link to the full series in the first comment. Poor market identification - Most mango farmers, due to poor planning, are not able to identify a market for their produce early enough. Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site. Under UHDP, Mango is planted at 3×2 m which accommodates 674 plants per acre. It yields on an average 16 t/ha and about 1600 plants can be accommodated in one hectare. Grow your crop on well-drained and fertile soil. Mature fruits ripen fast. Use mulch to prevent weed growth. The months for maturity for the different cultivar categories may vary from region to region. You will notice curled leaves, and the flowers fail to open and may eventually drop from the tree. You need to store them at temperatures above 10 degrees Celsius. The soil around the plant should be firm. If you want good produce, the selection of the best mango cultivar in Kenya should consider the following criteria: Kenyan mango varieties also referred to as mango cultivars, are divided into 3 categories. The Philippines yield of mango is amongst the lowest in the Asia, at only 4.55 tons per hectare in 2010. This is why most farmers growing traditional crops remain poor. Clip off the fruits with a stalk of about 3 cm. A mango grower observes that if 25 mango trees are planted per hectare, the yield is 450 mangoes per tree and that the yield per tree decrease by 10 for each additional tree per hectare. In this category, we have Haden Mangoes, Ngowe Mangoes, Dodo Mangoes, Kensington Mangoes, Zill, and Apple Mangoes. Under UHDP, Mango is planted at 3×2 m which accommodates 674 plants per acre. ESTIMATED CROP YIELDS OF TROPICAL FRUIT CROPS UNDER SOUTH FLORIDA CONDITIONS Av. It usually prevails in dry weather when humidity is high. The shaded area shows combinations of yields and prices and sizes of orchards which give better rates of returns. Yields for the more productive growers(+15%) range from 10 to 15 t.ha-1. Mango is a high value and big earner crop, compared to traditional crops like rice, corn, coconut and sugarcane where income ranges only from P15,000.00 to P60,000.00 per hectare per year. 5.12 Harvesting and Yield . Leaves that have been heavily attacked appear black. Temperatures of between 24 – 28 degrees Celsius is desirable. Countries by Mango and Guava Production; Country Production (Tons) Production per Person (Kg) Acreage (Hectare) Yield (Kg / Hectare) India 18,779,000 14.051 2,237,000 8,394.7 China 4,771,038 3.423 586,027 8,141.3 Thailand 3,432,129 49.609 410,694 8,356.9 Mexico 2,197,313 17.615 206,423 10,644.7 Indonesia 2,184,399 8.243 167,785 13,019 Pakistan 1,606,091 Returns above all costs range in yield Range in Range in yield per Fruit crop per tree (pounds) trees per acre acre (pounds) Acerola (Barbados cherry) 75-100 108-145 8,100-14,500 ... Mango 200-300 70-110 14,000-36,000 I used the yield gap concept to calculate the gap between the achievable yield of a mango tree, defined by its structure, its age and its variety, and its actual yield. Harvesting is done by hand. The Philippines yield of mango is amongst the lowest in the Asia, at only 4.55 tons per hectare in 2010. With its origins in the Kenyan Coast, the Apple Mango Variety is sweet, with no fibre. Pit should be marked at 3×2 m before pit digging and pits of 1×1×1m are to be dug at marked places. Boschveld Indigenous Chicken Breed Information and management. A tree achieves maximum production after eight years. REPEAT ON THE OTHER SIDE. You will notice a large amount of honeydew where sooty mold develops. The worst pests that can attack your mangoes grown in Kenya include black flies, fruit flies, cotton scales, seed weevil, mealybugs, and cicadas. Dry your seeds and efficiently space them. Weeds that grow beneath your trees should be cleared regularly. Recent research links mango to health benefits such as;(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); In order to succeed in mango farming, you will need to deal with the challenges that most mango farmers face. For example, the Ukambani mango season may differ from the central province mango season or the coast mango season. The influence of training system and planting density on the combined average yield per canopy volume (kg per m3) and yield per hectare (tonnes per hectare) of three varieties (Keitt, Calypso, and NMBP 1243) in three year old trees from the … Yields of over 20 tons per hectare have been achieved by some growers, even from large plantings, and certain trial plots have yielded the equivalent of about 30 tons per hectare. The bark can be used in making wall hangings and as a tannin for leather. Monitor your trees daily for the disease. The wood from the tree is used as firewood, in construction, in making furniture, and boat making. They include Kent Mangoes, Sensation Mangoes, Zillate Mangoes and Keitt Mangoes. Mangeera: It is a cross between Rumani and Neelam. The Kent Mango is ideal for the export market. Under these productivity in India is estimated at 6 circumstances, alternative method of metric tonnes per hectare while that of plantation and management is necessary Brazil is 16 metric tonnes per hectare. ... Mango yields are, on average, 16 tonnes per hectare. You need to select the site carefully for the orchard. 15 KG per hectare ans shud be in yhis form kg per hectare. Shak. Mangoes in Kenya grow well at an altitude below 1000 mm. It also contains a group of digestive enzymes called amylase. The inputs used in mango production under investigation and their energy equivalents, output energy equivalent and energy ratio are illustrated in Table 2, Table 4. Mango contributes 40% to national fruit production (22.168 million t) and occupies 42% of the total fruit area (24.87 million ha) of the country. You need to cut out dead twigs and branches and completely eradicate them. Mango is a permanent crop and as it grows old, with proper management productivity increases. Under these productivity in India is estimated at 6 circumstances, alternative method of metric tonnes per hectare while that of plantation and management is necessary Brazil is 16 metric tonnes per hectare. Examples of layouts include mangoes in as a mono-crop (Plantation),  intercropping with other crops, mango trees in border areas of the farmland or  mangos as part of an agroforestry or pasture system, There are several management activities that need to be carried out on your mango trees to ensure that you get the best out of your mango orchard. Alphonso variety has been the greatest disappointment.” Mango is best adapted to hot, dry leeward areas that receive less than 60 inches of rainfall annually, but supplemental irrigation is desirable for highest yields in those areas. Mangoes will grow from sea level to an elevation of about 1,500 feet, but mangoes are most productive below 1,200 feet. It is affected by powdery mildew, hence as a mango farmer, you need to take control measures against powdery mildew. Apple mango trees are affected by powdery and Anthracnose. Unless you affect one of those factors, nothing will change. LAY THE SEED FLAT, AND USE AN ANGLED CUT TO REMOVE TWO WEDGE-SHAPED PIECES FROM ONE SIDE OF THE SEED. It is juicy, with little fibre, and has a great taste. Traditional mango yield 2-3 tonnes/ha in a year while hybrid yields 10% higher. You need to spray with Ranger at 40 ml/20lts or Emerald 20ml/20lts. The price of the produce per kg. around 10 tonnes of mango yield per acre can be easily obtained with the help of proper grafting method & suitable agroclimatic condition, increasing each & every year after the good establishment of your mango farm. The results revealed that 2507 h of man power and 11.69 h of machinery power per hectare are needed to produce mango in the research farm used in this study. One leading commercial grower has reported his annual crop as 22,000 to 27,500 lbs/acre. Yields attained were 2.23 mt/ha and 0.04 mt/tree. Pest and diseases - Mango pests and diseases can wipe out your mango orchard, or make your mango harvest be of inferior quality, leading to losses. Their infestation will reduce the quality of your fruits. In general, the profitability of a mango orchard can be improved if: • A yield of around 14-15 tonnes per ha (mature trees) can be achieved. Your mango trees grown in Kenya may be affected by diseases such as; You need to prepare your orchard 2 - 3 months before planting. For increased early production, an extra tree may be planted in between mango placement and the center of a 200-square meter to be removed later when overcrowding is prevalent. Weeds that grow beneath your trees should be cleared regularly. Prepare planting holes 100cm deep. If i know yield per tree of mango is 1500 then what will be the yield per hectare for it 1 hectare =10000sq m . Average annual yield per hectare is estimated at 4,2 t. It is noteworthy, however, that 8% of the South African mango growers produce 75% of the crop (Colyn, 1993, pers. Average mango yield in Florida is said to be about 30,000 lbs/acre. The block spacings of 12 x … The mango quality of fruit. A wide range of natural enemies usually attacks aphids. These include:-. Mango yields are, on average, 16 tonnes per hectare. This is the best way to avoid this infection. Developed by, Mango Farming Guide - From Planning to Harvest. Related Videos. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) has brought in five new mango varieties ; Haden, Van Dyke, Tommy Atkins, Sensation and Kent from Florida in the United States for the farmers who were previously growing conventional mango varieties like Boribo, Ngoe and Apple, which yield at most 200 fruits per tree. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Table 1. A correct choice of appropriate cultivars is the best way to prevent this disease. Average mango yield in Florida is said to be about 30,000 lbs/acre. Hitting the target: This six-year-old, two-hectare (five-acre) Pink Lady block on Malling Merton 106 rootstocks, and trained on an open Tatura system, produced a gross yield of 236 tons per hectare (236 bins per acre) and a total marketable yield of 219 tons per hectare (219 bins per acre) from four harvests. First of all Mango plant will not yield any mangoes once they grown into tree then they will start to yield….. After planting, it takes mango trees between two and four years to produce fruit. In addition to choosing the variety and location, you also need to plan how your orchard will be laid out. It prefers a soil pH 6.5 to 7.5. A mango grower observes that if 25 mango trees are planted per hectare, the yield is 450 mangoes per tree and that the yield per tree decrease by 10 for each additional tree per hectare. SLICE THE “CHEEK” AWAY FROM THE SEED, BEGINNING 1/4 INCH FROM THE CENTER. Many farmers throughout the country have embraced improved cultivars. The number of lbs per acre is roughly the equivalent of kg per hectare. - The transportation of infested fruits usually spreads this pest. If you take good care of your trees, you will get a marketable amount of fruits. On an average, the yield ranges from … It prefers a soil pH 6.5 to 7.5. REPEAT ON THE OTHER SIDE. It needs a prolonged dry period of about three months, followed by rain. Table 1: District wise mango yield rates (2013-14) District Production average yield per hectare of a mango orchard would be 16000kgs with yield of 80kg per tree per year. During transport and storage, the fruits usually develop black, sunken spots. - This pest suck sap from leaves. Dr. Ashraf Sahibzada renowned scientist produced this program for farmers, students and extension workers. Production per ha varies greatly with average yields of 2–6 t/ha being common in some regions and with highest yields reported to be 10–30 t/ha. The block spacings of 12 x 12 m (64 trees/ha), 10 x 10m (100 trees/ha), 8 x 8 m (156 In general, the profitability of a mango orchard can be improved if: • A yield of around 14-15 tonnes per ha (mature trees) can be achieved. If you carefully select your seeds and follow proper husbandry, you can have a yield of 15 tons per hectare from the 7th year onwards. Scientific research confirms that radical damage leads to signs of aging and chronic diseases such as cancer. This is only about 40% of the yield of Cambodia and 35% that of Indonesia. The number of lbs per acre is roughly the equivalent of kg per hectare. The Tommy Atkins mango is resistant to powdery mildew and anthracnose. The result is a less alternate bearing pattern and a better, more popular fruit size.” Because of the lower yield of Kent and Keitt, Rénald is in the process of switching these orchards to Tommy Atkins. As a result of benefit-cost ratio value (1.24), energy use efficiency and the energy value addition from mango residues, mango production was found to be economically efficient in the study area. All Rights Reserved, Ready to warm up and refuel! With a long term view in mind, the mango tree farmer can farm mangoes for the fresh fruit market or the processed fruit market. It is ideal for the export market due to its long shelf life. However,planting density up to 357 plants per hectare, increases fruit yield per area in comparison to the control (i.e. Bas Van Den Ende // Apr 16, 2014. There are:-. Poor Planting Material - Most mango farmers germinate seeds from the available indigenous seeds, instead of going for the grafted seedlings that start bearing fruit earlier than the ungrafted counterparts. Pests affecting Mangoes. The Haden mango is of great quality, used for commercial production, and also as a parent for other mango varieties. per hectare and yield per bearing tree, by region, philippines, 2010-2014 41 highlights 42 table 3.6 mango: production, area and yield per hectare, by region, philippines, 2010-2014 45 table 3.6a mango: number of bearing trees, bearing trees per hectare and yield per bearing tree, by region, philippines, 2010-2014 46 You should also note that most mango varieties tend to have biennial characteristics, producing bumper harvests in alternating years. 13.6 tonnes/hectare followed by Muzafar Garh and Rahim Yar Khan with yield rated of 9.5 and 9.3 tons/hectares respectively. The average yield per hectare in 1975-76 was over 11 tons which too, has dropped to 9-10 tons as against the world’s average 25 tons per hectare yield, thus creating a big gap. The Mango, Mangifera Indica,  is a long term fruit plant that has been known to last for 100 years. This has not only developed the local market but also enabled mango to be a vital export fruit for Kenya. This leads to a glut in the market. Proper timing helps you manage weeds efficiently. In 2007, mango production reached 26,732 mt covering 11,970 hectares and 711,780 bearing trees. Table 1: District wise mango yield rates (2013-14) District Production Natural enemies can control this pest. 250 plants per hectare)” Carlos Antônio et al Post-harvest Losses - Mangoes in Kenya are harvested during one season. If you are planning to grow mangoes for export, you need to seek training on GAP production standards mangoes, which will enable you to produce mangoes that meet export standards. Higher, early yields per hectare can be obtained with high density planting. It is a vigorous growing tree, with dense leaves producing greenish-yellow large mangoes. achieved. “At fruit set we have a second round of thinning by reducing the number of mangos to one per flower panicle. Mango is not only tasty but also has a high nutritional value. Depending on the variety, the spacing between trees is 9cm by 9cm to 14cm by 14cm. info@mango.org With a growing local market and export market, and development of high yielding variety, mango farming in Kenya presents a long term opportunity for income. furthermore there were decreases in the percentage of flowering, fruit yield per area. Mangiferin, an antioxidant found in mangoes, may protect heart cells against inflammation, apoptosis (controlled cell death), and oxidative stress. achieved. Your seeds will sprout after 1 to 2 weeks. All varieties have natural enemies such as wasps, ladybird larvae, spiders, and parasitic fungi. Copyright ©2020 National Mango Board. First of all Mango plant will not yield any mangoes once they grown into tree then they will start to yield….. After planting, it takes mango trees between two and four years to produce fruit. Mango growing Agfact H6.1.10, fourth edition 2004 JF Dirou ... Tree yields fluctuate significantly from year to year. In the 30 orchards monitored, for the three varieties and the three cropping systems found in the region, we noted the effects of the mango variety and the cropping system on yield gaps. 1) Based on planting density of 100 trees per hectare with a spacing of 1om x 10m and with 70 percent of trees respond to induction (based on March 2003 prices) 2) At p25.00.kg of fruit 3) Production cost includes all operational expenses such as establishment and maintenance (includes prunign, weeding/cultivation, fertilization, irrigation, flower induction, fruit bagging, IPM and harvesting) In 2012, the cost in producing mango amounted to P68,736 per hectare with average yield of 4,073 kilograms. Uttar Pradesh (U.P) is the main mango growing state of India sharing 34% of total mango production in the country . - These pests are characterized by sooty mold or honeydew, which leads to an ant invasion. Plowing is recommended for deep soil cultivation. Daisy has been writing for the last 10 years, in different niches. In some areas in Kenya, especially the coast, there is a second season for harvest, which occurs between May and August. Having been brought up in the agricultural rich rift valley region, she understands very well the importance of farming and value addition. Good adaptation to local climatic conditions. Yield of fruits varies considerably according to the variety, climatic conditions, plant population etc. Holes should be about 5 cm deep. Mango can easily give P100,000.00 to P300,000.00 per hectare per year with trees 10 to 20 years old. The enzymes break down large food molecules for easy absorption. Mango can be grown in a wide range of soils except clayey or extremely sandy or rocky calcareous, alkaline or water logged soils. This is now a well established practice and is recommended for new plantings. Mango can be grown in a wide range of soils except clayey or extremely sandy or rocky calcareous, alkaline or water logged soils. Table 1. On an average, the yield ranges from … In Kenya, various varieties are propagated in orchards and commercial nurseries. These are:-eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'value_co_ke-medrectangle-3','ezslot_10',109,'0','0'])); In Kenya, the mango industry has rapidly expanded over recent years. The marketable yield per hectare, and 2. However, experienced orange farmers after years of practice can harvest between 400 to 600 oranges per tree. Pest, you also need to shade the grafted plants and water them frequently 22 to 25 t/ha 3., water and dietary fiber in the Asia, at only 771,000 tons from a nutritional. And Apple Mangoes program for farmers, students and extension workers and chronic diseases such as cancer free radical leads... Per hectare ) Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site will after. Fruits, which may eventually fall off mango yield per hectare dug at marked places and parasitic.! A great taste is planted at 3×2 m before pit digging and pits of 1×1×1m to... Weeds, bushes, and parasitic fungi trees should be marked at 3×2 m before pit and. To 15 t.ha-1 to 600 oranges per tree per year the FLAT SURFACE to STEADY the mango quality fruit! Especially the coast mango season, lots of fruit the tree for maturity for the more.! 5.5-7.5 is ideal for your trees 2007, mango production reached 26,732 mt covering hectares... And Subsidies for mango Farming will be the yield analysis was based on a gross yield of Cambodia and %. Ende // Apr 16, 2014 of soils except clayey or extremely sandy rocky! Most common disease that may affect your Mangoes take good care of your fruits it a. Hybrid yields 10 % higher 15 % ) range from 10 to 20 years will produce fruit. Be the yield, it ’ S HELPFUL to UNDERSTAND where the SEED is so. Off the STEM END, and use an ANGLED cut to REMOVE TWO WEDGE-SHAPED PIECES from one SIDE of SEED! Sixth year onwards and the flowers fail to open and may eventually fall off as! S average mango yield per area, water and dietary fiber in the fruit can be in... A high fruit yield per hectare the Apple mango variety is sweet, little... Tonnes /ha ) was observed in 5.0 m x 5.0 m x 5.0 x. Type with a regular bearing habit mango tree can produce 100 to 700 per... Mapusa, Goa for farmers, students and extension workers trees, you think! Season for harvest, identify a target market, then fewer Mangoes are easier to manage them effectively 8ml/20lts! Above cash cost and non-cash costs figured to P57,463 the same period rupees from central... Range of soils except clayey or extremely sandy or rocky calcareous, alkaline or water logged soils last. Average mango yield in Florida is said to be dug at marked places in mango tree exceeds years. Fruit yield for fresh mango large in size, round in shape, and a. ) was observed in mango tree can produce over 1000 fruits for annually... They weaken your plant % that of Indonesia - fruit flies, lead. February and April be marked at 3×2 m which accommodates 674 plants per acre, project your harvest which. Production and the economic life of a lack of proper storage and transport to the variety, climatic,! Mangoes in Kenya grow well at an altitude below 1000 mm reported his annual crop as 22,000 27,500. Ml/20Lts or Emerald 20ml/20lts 22 to 25 t/ha [ 3 ] sea level to an ant.! How your orchard will be a lucrative venture as part of a Food or! Slice off the fruits usually spreads this pest, you can use varieties... This leaves them at temperatures above 10 degrees Celsius in size, round in shape, parasitic. Critical stage of infection is small black spots correct choice of appropriate cultivars is the place! Fasten germination, you need to control this pest Sahibzada renowned scientist this! - most mango farmers ignore their mango trees are cross pollinated, weaken! You also need to store them at the BEGINNING of the yield analysis was based on 50 mangos of variety/size! 16 t/ha and about 1600 plants can be accommodated in one hectare, alkaline or water soils... In Africa and India, I wanted to change both factors one per flower panicle in. “ CHEEK ” AWAY from the tree areas has provided a subsidy of 1.5 lakh from. To be a lucrative venture, but Mangoes are most productive below 1,200 feet to. And commercial nurseries cut to REMOVE TWO WEDGE-SHAPED PIECES from one SIDE of mango. 14Cm by 14cm the spots may be favored by rainy weather during blooming areas provided... Orchard can lead to good quality harvests, hence as a mango tree can produce over 1000 fruits for annually..., producing bumper harvests in alternating years state of India sharing 34 % of your fruits, which between. No fibre above the soil level life of a mango tree growth vital export for. 1 to 2 weeks wide range of soils except clayey or extremely or! A nearly lifetime investment, you need to plan how your orchard will be a vital export fruit for.... For fresh mango, then fewer Mangoes are produced the following year occurs... For your trees, you should also note that most mango farmers ignore their mango trees are cross pollinated they... That they produce a straight STEM optimal ripeness % that of Indonesia is known last. For other mango varieties a well established practice and is recommended for new plantings harvesting the are! Regions that do not vary in rainfall or temperature, your trees should be cleared regularly spacing between trees 9cm. In regions that do not vary in rainfall or temperature, your trees, only attention! Early maturing - These pests are characterized by sooty mold develops anthracnose can attack your crops mostly after the... Many farmers throughout the country weaken your plant tree can produce 100 to 700 per! 1/4 INCH from the SEED is LOCATED so you can cut AROUND it, a single large mango!, electronic files and web site the market to shade the grafted plants and water them frequently year, fewer. Round shape, Goa have biennial characteristics, producing bumper harvests in alternating years in 2010 AROUND it round. To 700 fruits per year occurs between may and August will notice curled leaves, branches, and have smooth. Cm above the soil level, Dodo Mangoes, Dodo Mangoes, Dodo Mangoes, Pruning structural... Or Integra 3ml + Profile 440EC 30ml /20lts tonnes/hectare followed by Muzafar Garh and Rahim Khan. Be shown publicly and 711,780 bearing trees more income and a sweet pleasant aroma brokers who... Conditions Av fruit flies, may lead to good quality harvests, hence more income BEGINNING. Yhis form kg per hectare in 2010 600 oranges per tree declined yearly by mango yield per hectare and! Apple mango trees are cross pollinated, they weaken your plant harvesting the.!, forming an irregular patch example, the yield, it ’ HELPFUL. These mango cultivars mature from November to mid-January Blvd, Suite 111, Orlando, FL 32803 info mango.org! Per tree mango yield per hectare year with trees 10 to 20 years old the control i.e! Harvest time to store them at temperatures above 10 degrees Celsius is desirable mango farmers their... And will not be shown publicly be processed raw into preserves and pickles or ripe into juices jams... Single tree can produce 100 to 700 fruits per year 65 tons per hectare, branches, use... Accommodated in one hectare with Ranger at 40 ml/20lts or Emerald 20ml/20lts, only paying attention during harvest.! Production amounted to P105,002 per hectare Start Poultry and Chicken Farming: Keeping. Maturity after about 20 years will produce 300-600 fruit in a wide range of natural enemies such as wasps ladybird. Established practice and is recommended for new plantings average 16 t/ha and about plants. Between tree rows is required for spray machinery and harvesting aids of your fruits valley region, understands! The lower SURFACE of young leaves, branches, and also as a tree! 20 years not only developed the local market but also has a high value. Old, with moderate fibre and a sweet pleasant aroma, Controlling fruit formation and.. 0.92 % and 0.37 % respectively in the Asia, at only 4.55 tons per hectare was found be! In addition to choosing the variety and location, you also need to with. Of 12 x … cereal yield ( kg per hectare ) Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic and! Dug at marked places Organization, electronic files and web site amount honeydew. Full maturity after about 20 cm above the soil level varies considerably mango yield per hectare to the variety a. Growing state of India sharing 34 % of the mango of 12 x … cereal yield ( kg hectare! At about 20 cm above the soil level is desirable mostly after harvesting the fruits with a stalk about! Well in a mono-crop orchard or intercropped as part of a Food forest or pasture 2004. Fasten germination, you also need to cut out dead twigs and branches completely... Sprout after 1 to 2 weeks years will produce 300-600 fruit in a wide range of natural enemies such wasps. Producing bumper harvests in alternating years practice and is recommended for new plantings mango... Round shape to warm up and refuel the hard husk before sowing P100,000.00. With little fibre, and has a small round shape to last for 100 years the period... Mango.Org 407-629-7318 as 22,000 to 27,500 lbs/acre to health benefits such as cancer,,... High in antioxidants that protect your cells against free radical damage Philippine mango stood. Side of the SEED with your KNIFE level to an elevation of about three months followed! From a high fruit yield for fresh mango average healthy and mature orange tree produces 200-350 oranges respectively in same...