Snow has been known to fall on the Kyrenia Range, but seldom elsewhere in spite of low night temperatures. Currency New Turkish Lira . The country is home to two airports, the Ercan International Airport and the Geçitkale Airport, of which only Ercan is currently functioning. The United Nations recognises it as territory of the Republic of Cyprus under Turkish occupation. [130], Ethnic groups of Northern Cyprus (2006 census)[131], Northern Cyprus's first official census was performed in 1996. [48][49] The 2016 ranking was "free" with the scores (1: most free, 7: least free) political rights: 2/7, civil liberties: 2/7 and aggregate score: 79/100. In the 21st century, these highways were upgraded into dual carriageways, with some roads in the Karpass area still being upgraded as of 2015[update]. In particular, disputes over separate municipalities and taxation created a deadlock in government. The Greek-Cypriot inhabitants are still supplied by the UN, and Greek-Cypriot products are consequently available in some shops. Northern Cyprus is under an international embargo as the Republic of Cyprus, as the internationally recognised authority, has declared airports and ports in the area not under its effective control closed. Historically, it was shaped around the tradition of weddings, the primary social gatherings at the time. [128] By agreement between Northern Cyprus and Syria, there was a ship tour between Famagusta and Latakia, Syria before the outbreak of the Syrian Civil War. In 2014, the number of students increased to 70,004, (15,210 Turkish Cypriots; 36,148 from Turkey; 18,646 international students):[155][156][157] Near East University (NEU),[158][159] Girne American University, Middle East Technical University-TRNC, European University of Lefke, Cyprus International University, Eastern Mediterranean University (EMU), Istanbul Technical University-TRNC, University of Mediterranean Karpasia, and University of Kyrenia, all established since 1974. Applicable for transactions up to the amount of EUR20,000 or the equivalent in any other currency. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. [141], The Government of Northern Cyprus estimates that the 1983 population of Northern Cyprus was 155,521. What is the official currency in North Cyprus? As a result, Cyprus entered the European Union divided, with the effects of membership suspended for Northern Cyprus. [132] The second census, carried out in 2006, revealed the population of Northern Cyprus to be 265,100,[133] of which majority is composed of indigenous Turkish Cypriots (including refugees from Southern Cyprus) and settlers from Turkey. [28][29] Turkey claimed that under the 1960 Treaty of Guarantee, the coup was sufficient reason for military action to protect the Turkish Cypriot populace, and thus Turkey invaded Cyprus on 20 July. Currency in North Cyprus: Turkish Lira (Turk Lirasi). You can use ATMs, debit and credit cards as normal. Northern Cyprus is a semi-presidential, democratic republic with a cultural heritage incorporating various influences and an economy that is dominated by the services sector. North Cyprus Tour Guide, Kyrenia: See 10 reviews, articles, and 31 photos of North Cyprus Tour Guide, ranked No.13 on Tripadvisor among 30 attractions in Kyrenia. Report inappropriate content 11-20 of 37 replies There are 8 different coins: €1, €2, 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, 1c, 2c. Turkish Cypriot poetry is based on both the effects of Turkish literature and the culture of the island of Cyprus, along with some reflection of the British colonial history. [100] The growth continued through the 2010s, with real growth rates of 3.7%, 3.9%, 1.8% and 1.1% respectively in 2010–2013. [91], Northern Cyprus uses the Turkish Lira as its currency which links its economy to that of Turkey's. The Cyprus Supreme Court's ruling found that Makarios had violated the constitution by failing to fully implement its measures and that Turkish Cypriots had not been allowed to return to their positions in government without first accepting the proposed constitutional amendments. Within three years, tensions began to show between the Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots in administrative affairs. Currencies such as US Dollars, British Pounds or Euro are usually accepted in shops or restaurants in Kyrenia or other cities in North Cyprus. Date of experience: March 2017. On 2 August 1975, in the negotiations in Vienna, a population exchange agreement was signed between community leaders Rauf Denktaş and Glafcos Clerides under the auspices of United Nations. Industry (light manufacturing) contributes 22% of GDP and agriculture 9%. [135] These results were disputed by some political parties, labour unions and local newspapers. The official currency in Northern Cyprus is the Turkish Lira, which comprises of 100 new Kurus. [77], In addition, the mainland Turkish Armed Forces maintains the Cyprus Turkish Peace Force which consists of around 30,000–40,000 troops drawn from the 9th Turkish Army Corps and comprising two divisions, the 28th and 39th. For transactions exceeding the above amount, the rates will be provided by the Bank's branches on request. Sailing is especially found at Escape Beach Club, near Kyrenia. [175], The nationalism gave way to a notion of Cypriotness in the 1970s, with the influence of Yaşın, Türkay and Yalçın. What is the currency of Cyprus? It acts essentially as a gendarmerie charged with protection of the border of Northern Cyprus from Greek Cypriot incursions and maintaining internal security within Northern Cyprus. [191] Several of sport clubs participate in leagues in Turkey. [10] Northern Cyprus is an observer state of ECO and OIC under the title "Turkish Cypriot State", and of PACE under the title "Turkish Cypriot Community". North Cyprus Money & Currency. Executive power is exercised by the government. Currency in North Cyprus . The British Pound is traditionally strong against the Turkish Lira, which is why villa holidays in North Cyprus are great value for money at the moment. [36] The proposed settlement was opposed by both the president of Cyprus, Tassos Papadopoulos, and Turkish Cypriot president Rauf Denktaş; in the referendum, while 65% of Turkish Cypriots accepted the proposal, 76% of Greek Cypriots rejected it. In 2004, the Organisation of Islamic Co-operation upgraded the delegation of the Turkish Cypriot Muslim community from "observer community" (1979) to that of a constituent state with the designation "Turkish Cypriot State", making Northern Cyprus an observer member of the organisation. [85], The medoş tulip (Tulipa cypria) is a notable species that is endemic to Northern Cyprus; it is only found in the villages of Tepebaşı/Diorios and Avtepe/Ayios Simeon, and is celebrated with an annual festival. The small money are called kurush. Jutting out into the Mediterranean Sea’s easternmost reaches, the Karpaz Peninsula otherwise known as the “Panhandle” is a welcome diversion from the hustle and bustle of everyday life further inland. All UN member states other than Turkey respect the closure of those ports and airports. This has led to some experts characterising it as an effective puppet state of Turkey. Summer is followed by a short, turbulent autumn. However, the pro-settlement side and Mehmet Ali Talat lost momentum due to the ongoing embargo and isolation,[37] despite promises from the European Union that these would be eased. [51], The Greek Cypriot and Maronite communities, numbering 343 and 118 respectively as of 2014, are denied the right to vote in presidential, parliamentary and municipal elections or run for office. North Cyprus Currency. The official currency in North Cyprus is the Turkish Lira (TL), which is made up of 100 new Kurus (pronounced “Krush”). Five years of primary education is mandatory. They were first opened in the 1990s, and have since become very popular with visitors from Turkey and the rest of the island, where casinos are banned. [162] Girne American University, in the northern coastal city of Kyrenia, opened a campus in Canterbury, United Kingdom in 2009,[163] and was accredited by the British Accreditation Council in 2010. – Free Online Library", "Yakın Doğu Üniversitesi Duyuru Haber » Faculty of Engineering of Near East University (NEU) is continuing to make contributions to the world of science through supporting the CERN Laboratory", "Kültürel, Sanatsal ve Sosyal Yaşamı, El Sanatları, Gelenek, Görenek ve Adetler", "EPISODES OF TRADITIONAL TURKISH AND GREEK CYPRIOT WEDDINGS", "Efsanevi Kıbrıs Türk müzik grubu SILA 4 yepyeni bir CD ile büyük bir sürprize imza atmak üzere", Çağdaş Kıbrıs Türk Şiirinde Eğilimler/ Yönelimler, "KKTC'nin ilk uzun metrajlı filmi Anahtar, Altın Portakal'da gösterildi", "Yakın Doğu Üniversitesi'nin hazırladığı "Kod Adı Venüs" filmi Cannes Film Festivali'nde", "Haber: "Kayıp Otobüs" belgesel filmi haberi / Haber, Haberler, Haberi, Haberleri, Haber oku, Gazete, Gazetesi, Gazeteleri, Gazete oku", "Documentary on Turkish Cyprus bus in US festival", THE PRIMARY YEARS OF TURKISH CYPRIOT PLAY-WRITING AND "SAFA YAHUT NETİCE-İ İBTİLA, Kuzey Kıbrıs’ın Kültürel ve Sosyal Yaşamı, "North Cyprus – Food and Drink (Cuisine)", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Republican Assembly (Parliament) of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Presidency, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, ATCA News, Association of Turkish Cypriots Abroad, "Islamic Conference's Parliaments to Call TRNC 'Cyprus Turkish State'" JTW, International Expert Panel for a European Solution in Cyprus, UK All Party Parliamentary Group for Cyprus, Assembly of Turkish American Associations, Turkish Cypriots of Australia – Historical Book, EU task-force on Turkish Cypriot community, Representative Office to the United States, Turkish military forces in Northern Cyprus, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, International Organization of Turkic Culture, Turkish Resistance Legion for the Movement Legion. [70], Turkish Cypriots have been applying for decades for passports issued by Cyprus. [88] The beaches of Northern Cyprus also include sites where hundreds of loggerhead turtles and green turtles lay eggs, which hatch at the end of the summer, followed by observers.[86]. [27] The Greek Cypriot coupists proclaimed the establishment of the "Hellenic Republic of Cyprus". Response from Cemaliye M, Owner at North Cyprus Tour Guide. [89] These rains produce winter torrents that fill most of the rivers, which typically dry up as the year progresses. [20], Turkish Cypriot members of the government had by now withdrawn, creating an essentially Greek Cypriot administration in control of all institutions of the state. What is the official currency in North Cyprus? [103] The Northern Cyprus Water Supply Project, completed in 2015, is aimed at delivering water for drinking and irrigation from southern Turkey via a pipeline under the Mediterranean Sea.[104]. Discover the diversities of North Cyprus the way you desire History & Religion A solitary island in the Eastern Mediterranean, Cyprus has had a rich history of being visited by seafaring travellers from neighbouring countries and empires. [133][134], The third official census of Northern Cyprus was carried out in 2011, made under the auspices of UN observers. [112] In 2012, 62.7% of the visitors in Northern Cyprus stayed in the Girne District during their visit. This led ultimately to the pro-independence side winning the general elections in 2009 and its candidate, former Prime Minister Derviş Eroğlu, winning the presidential elections in 2010. [146] 162,000[147] Greek Cypriots were forcibly evicted from their homes in the North by the invading force of the Turkish army. [119] The Ercan airport saw an important renovation in the 2010s that greatly increased its passenger traffic, it was used by 1.76 million passengers in the first seven months of 2014 alone. [52][53], World Happiness Report 2016 of United Nations' Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) ranked Northern Cyprus 62nd among 157 countries. [41], Due to Northern Cyprus's isolation and heavy reliance on Turkish support, Turkey has a high level of influence over the country's politics. A leading theatre group named "İlk Sahne" (First Stage), founded in 1963, was renamed the Turkish Cypriot State Theatre in 1966, and has since performed more than 85 plays. The scene in North Cyprus has hit seriously dizzy heights over the last few years, welcoming a mix of holiday makers and serious players alike. The current Prime Minister is Ersan Saner. EUR, GBP and USD are also widely accepted. There are five stadiums in Northern Cyprus, with each holding a capacity ranging anywhere from 7,000 to 30,000. Before this date the Cyprus Pound (CYP) was the official currency of Cyprus. [35] The invasion led to the formation of the first sovereign administrative body of Northern Cyprus in August 1974, the Autonomous Turkish Cypriot Administration. The degree of the integration of mainland Turks to the Turkish Cypriot community varies; some identify as Turkish Cypriots and have culturally integrated, while some embrace a Turkish identity. v. Republic of Turkey et al. [111], Kyrenia is considered the capital of tourism in Northern Cyprus, with its numerous hotels, entertainment facilities, vibrant nightlife and shopping areas. Since the Republic of Cyprus joined the Euro zone and the movement of peoples between the north and south has become more free, the Euro is also in wide circulation. The currency is the Turkish Lira, with a constantly fluctuating exchange rate. [73][needs update], On 21 September 2011, Turkey and Northern Cyprus signed an EEZ border agreement in New York.[74][75]. 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