COMMON NAME: Kantkari ,Bari Kateri, Kandiari, Ban - Bhindi. It is common bitter tonic prescribed for  children in liver troubles. Solanum viarum . Cultivation of senna cost `8,000/- and gives `20,000/- net profit Senna is a natural product used as laxative since ages and have a Family : Gramineae Khus is densely tuffed perennial grass grows up to 2.0 m high, It is found throughout India in open marshy places. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. In India, eggplants rank fourth in vegetable production, … Brit. Tropical Soda Apple (TSA) is a toxic pan-tropical medicinal plant native to southeastern Brazil. It occurs in strand swamps, floodplain swamps and scrub brush. The weed bares white flowers with yellow centers or stamens, which become green and white stippled fruit resembling that of tiny watermelons. ITALIAN : Melanzana rossa. Fruit is a cylindrical follicle with small black seeds. There are two varieties of the plant, one bears black fruit other red fruits. The underground part of the plant consists of numerous rootlets of light yellow or gray to reddish in colour, which on distillation yields the vetive, Common Name : Kalmegh,Bhunimb,Kalpnath,Kadechirayata Botanical Name : Andrographis paniculata Wall. Nair, Fl. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. It is an exotic plant and it is grown in Tinnevelly and Ramnathpuram district of Tamil Nadu. 1988; Sasidh. year to year. Cultivation Sol, Common Name : Asgandh, aguri Asgandg, Punir,Dhor gunj and Winter Cherry. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement (what happens when the organism is removed), Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, G. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Narasimhan, Centre for Floristic Research, Department of Botany, Madras Christian College, Tambaram. Leaves alternate, to 12 x 8 cm, ovate, irregularly shallowly lobed, sinuate, base obliquely truncate, densely tomentose on lower surface and less on upper surface; petiole to 5 cm long; spines mostly on petiole and midrib and few on lateral nerves, to 2 cm long, straight. Family : Solanaceae Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem and leaves. Venugopal, B. S. Somashekhar, M.V. A stout undershrub with young parts densely yellowish hirsute and prickly. Solanum lycopersicum var. Distribution notes: Exotic. SYNONYM (S) : Aculeatum L. ( Aculeatum Group) ‘Merlingiana a Pummadora’, Solanum aethiopicum L. ( Aculeatum Group) ‘Italian Orange’. Soil and Climate Ashwagandha grows well on variety of soils with good dra, Common Name : Ispaghal, Ishaagola, Spogel seed, Blond Psyllium Botanical Name : Plantago ovata Forsk. ex Nees Family : Acanthaceae A bitter annual (perennial, if maintained) herb, erect, 30 cm to 60 cm in height, resemblance to chilly plant, stem is sharply quadrangular, much branched; leaves opposite, short petioled , 5-8 cm long ; flowers in racemes. Medicinal Uses The seed husk is the commercial part and is separated by physical process. it is a cross pollinated having fruits of 6.00 mm diameter much enclosed inflated calyx and turns red at maturity. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.; 2n = 24), commonly known as brinjal, aubergine, or guinea squash, belongs to the Solanaceae family and is included under the genus Solanum, one of the largest genera covering more than 1550 species (Chen, 1997). Dry summer  with moderate temperature is suitable for the crop. The roots of this herb have great medicinal value due to saponin content and are used extensively in Ayurvedic medicines. al., 2009). Photos: see our Catalogue "Eggplants of the world ". Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant (aubergine, brinjal). Sale price of leaves are `20 Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Salem. Wayanad Dist. (i.e. It is also a host of several diseases and pests of commercial crops. This is one of the most medicinal plants in this study. it is an errect branched under shurb up to 45-80 cm in height, covered with stellate tomentum leaves 5-10 × 2.5 to 5.00 cm ovate with 6 to 13 mm long petiole. Its a Solanaceae sp. It is regarded as an Mucuna Medicinal Uses Kawach beej seed containing principally L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid, glycosides, nicotine and dark brown colour oil. Inflorescence lateral, few flowered. Common Name : Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. and 800 kg pods per hectare in irrigated condition can be harvested. Neetharland and USA are the major markets of senna. total sennosides in the world market. The roots are compact and light brown in colour. Kerala: Kannur, Kasaragod, Thrissur 1852; Ansari, Fl. Habit: Shrub The seeds are covered with a translucent membrane, known as husk having medicinal use. However, when it is grown as a semi-irrigated crop, the yield increased considerably. Chatterjeeanum, Sengupta; family Solanaceae. Figure 2: Solanum trilobatum plant. The husk has the property of absorbing and retaining water. Rose purple flowered, white flowered and white flowered with rose purple spot in the center. chatterjeeanum Sengupta & Sengupta; Solanum reflexum Schrank (1819) Solanum viridiflorum Schltdl. Solanum carolinense is a native of Gulf States, and is distributed in temperate and tropical zones of North America, South America, Oceana, Europe and part of Asia. Tamil Nadu, India. It is being cultivated in Gujrat, Rajasthan and Tamilnadu. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. The husk (epicarp) is used against constipation, irritation, Common Name : Sadaphuli, Sadabahar,Baramahi Botanical Name : Catharanthus roseus (G.) DON Family : Apocynaceae Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus (G) Don) is a perennial herb having height of 30-90 cm. Dear Friends, Came across this plant near Ramghal (Helwak region). Kasaragod Div. Also used in intermittent and remittent fevers. senna and its extracts. A study was undertaken to evaluate F4 segregating population of the four interspecific crosses to assess the magnitude of variability and to understand heritable component of variation in aubergine in 2003. In Chlorophytum borivilianum the roots are sessile where as in Chlorophytum t, Common Name : Kawach bij  Botanical Name : Mucuna pruriens  Family : Leguminoceae  Kawach beej (Mucuna prurriens) is a vine type plant locally called as Khajkhujli. This alson induces the plants to produce more of branching. Telugu. The plant is found growing in a wild state, certain coastal parts of Gujarat especially in the Bhuj region of India. The roots possess high alkaloid concentration (1.7-3.0%). International Common Names. to `47 crore in 2019-20. ), associated mostly to vertebrates. It has become naturalized in many parts of the world, including India. Calyx lobes lanceolate, pubescent, 5 mm long. Solanum viarum Dunal (1852) Preferred Common Name. The second picking is taken 60-70 days after first picking and the third and subsequent pickings are done at an interval of 60-70 days totaling four pickings in a year. India 3: 411. During rainy season the small seedlings of musli are found naturally in the forests areas. and S ... Taxonomic Study on the Wild Species of Genus Solanum L in the Southern Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu. 313. Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. Ovary tomentose. Chidambaram, Manibharathi Publishers, New No. Common Name : Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. Looks like Solanum viarum? In some parts Mucuna pachylobia and Mucuna whilis used as animal feed and for vegetable purposes, respectively. Arts College, C. Mutlur, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India. Bot. The roots of the plants contain important alkaloids Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties. The harvested crop should be spread over open field area in a thin layer to reduce its moisture. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Roots are prominent, tap root reaching up to 50 cm deep, usually branched, 0.5 to 2.5 cm in diameter. It can be propagated by seeds. TSA is also one of the most endangered plants in Florida right… The length of root varies from 10 to 25 cm. The Solanum family of plants is a large genus under the family umbrella of Solanaceae that includes up to 2,000 species, ranging from food crops, such as the potato and the tomato, to various ornamentals and medicinal species.The following entails interesting information about the Solanum genus and types of Solanum plants.. Information about Solanum Genus However, to Solanum khasianum var. Seminar on "Quantitative Techniques in Research Data Analysis", Sep 19-20, 2018, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, pp. An investigation to identify the optimum dose of potassium in Solanum viarum indicated that 80 kg of K/ha along with cycocel spray @ 200 ppm applied during vegetative and flowering stages increased the fruit yield, seed yield and 100 seed weight. It belongs to the family Solanaceae with genus Solanum native to India and is found everywhere in Tamil Nadu. Recognized by Wikidata. Botanical Name : Withania somnifera (Linn.) is a continuous rise in the export from `24 crore in the year 2005-06 Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum), also referred to as TSA, is a non-native, invasive weed that forms very dense infestations, especially in pastures. தக்காளி preferred. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. Production Technology of Tropical Soda Apple, Tropical Soda Apple, is a perennial shrub native to Brazil and Argentina with a prickly stem and prickly leaves. Senna could be economically grown under rainfed conditions. Senna leaves and pods are used in medicine, as a cathartic . *Email: drrameshvelu@gmail.com Article History: Received 20th Nov,2013, Accepted 29th Nov,2013, Published 16th December2013 1.INTRODUCTION Solanum viarum is a member of the economically important It is especially useful in habitual constipation. Solanum aethiopicum L. (Aculeatum Group) 'Melanzana Rossa di Rotonda’. Solanum viarum, is a wild perennial herb. and pods are `40 per kg. English: sodom apple To check the seedlings mortality, seed treatment with Thirum/Dithan M-45 or about Tricoderma @ 3g kg, Senna plant produce foliage containing higher sennosides between 80-90 days age, depending upon the total plant growth. Solanum wallacei (A. An average rainfall of 250-400 mm, distributed from june to October is sufficient to produce good crop. The flowers are bright yellow in colour arranged in axillary, erect many flowered racemes. It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. & Sivar., Fl. Germany, Hungary, Japan, Common Name : Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. per hectare under rain fed conditions and `45,000/- under irrigated It is found to grow near natural water sources particularly ponds, tanks, rivers, lakes etc. Thrissur For. Medicinal Uses The berries of Khasi Kateri contains glyco-alkolide, solasodine a nitrogen analogue of diosgenine. INVASIVE ALIEN SPECIES . Pubescent shrubs, prickles recurved, to 7 mm long. Can include ecosystem services. Solanum viarum Dunal in DC., Prodr. It Is found throughout India in all warmer parts on wasteland and sandy tracts, especially in the costal areas. Botanical Name : Rauvolfia serpentina Benth. The pods are slightly curved, 3.5-6.5 cm in length with 1.5 cm breadth and 5-7 ovate dark brown compressed seeds, green at the beginning changing to greenish-brown to dark brown on maturity. The bark is pale brown, emits acrid aroma and bitter taste. hectare under rain fed condition and about 1500-2000 kg dry leaves In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. great domestic and international demand. India is the largest producer and exporter of senna leaves, pods and Cymes 3 or 4 flowered, peduncle to 2 cm long; pedicels 1.2 cm long, elongates to 2 cm in fruit. It has an errect stem with flexible long branches bearing leaves. The flowers are purple in colour (Doss et. BOTANICAL NAME: Solanum viarum Dunal. cerasiforme (Dunal) Spooner, ... Tamil. Reply Gayatri November 5, 2015, 4:38 pm Leaves are narrow, tapering to a point coated with fine hairs and born alternately on the stem. 2Department of Zoology, Govt. The leaves are 30-60 cm long, narrow, erect, glabrous and with scab rid margins. There are 14 different species out of which, Mucunapruriens is medicinaly more important. Medicinal uses Ashwagandha root contain alkaloids (Withanine, Somniferin, etc.) Heavy rains and cloudy weather during growth are harmful to the crop. The dried leaves and pods should have light green to greenish yellow colour. S. myriacanthum Dunal, which is the acceptable name for this species; S. khasianum C. B. Cl. conditions. 10.1007/s42690-020-00293-7. Inside the fr… May be referred to as or include habit, defined as the characteristic mode of growth or occurrence associated to its environment, particularly for plants. Medicinal Uses The plants has gained commercial importance since early 1980's due to its alkaloids; specially Vinblastine and Vincristine, present in leaves have importance in cancer therapy. They are not seasoned, usually appeared from 35-70 days after sowing depending on the time of sowing which fallowed by pods formation. The market prices are highly fluctuating The plant also contains glycosides, act as an inter, Common Name : Chandrabhaga, Chota chand, Chandrika, Asrol etc. Preferred Scientific Name. Food habit and feeding pattern of Great One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) in Rajiv Gandhi O... https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/245057. 574. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author, Accessed through GBIF data portal, GBIF Backbone Taxonomy, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, State - Kerala, District/s: Kasaragode, Kannur, Thrissur, Wayanad, | Further drying of produce is done in well-ventilated drying sheds. Family : Plantaginaceae Isabgol is the Rabi season crop of 30-35 cm tall, short-stemmed annual herb. ENGLISH : Italian orange eggplant. In India it is found in the Foothills of Himalayan range, up to the elevation of 1300-1400 m and almost throughout all over the country, Lower hills of Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, and Jammu & Kashmir. In Southern part of India, especially in Tamil Nadu, most people will eat leaves of Solanum viarum, Solanum ciliatum, Solanum carolinense, which is useful for Cold (Flu) treatment. Hence, grown only on well-drained soils. Solanum villosum Mill. Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. The flowers are greenish yellow usually 5 together in sub sessile umbelli form cymes. Solanum viarum Fruit Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Genus: Solanum Species: S. viarum Binomial name Solanum viarum Dunal Synonyms See text Solanum viarum, the tropical soda apple, is a perennial shrub native to Brazil and Argentina with a prickly stem and prickly … There are two types of kawach bij, one is black seeded and on touch irritation persist and another is white seeded having fine hairy structure, commonly found at foothills of Himalaya, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerla, Andhra Pradesh, Utter Pradesh, Maharashtra, Anandaman and Nicobar. Solanum khasianum Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. These steroidal compounds have anti-inflammatory, anabolic and antifertility properties. Native to Brazil and Argentina, tropical soda apple weed is a member of the Solanaceae or Nightshade family, which also contains eggplant, potato, and tomato. Out of which six are more important. It is very sensitive to water logging. Article. May also be referred to include anatomy. bug berry, bug tree, bugtree, bugweed, earleaf nightshade, flannel leaf, kerosene plant, tobacco bush, tobacco weed, tree tobacco, wild tobacco, wild tobacco bush, wild tobacco plant, wild tobacco tree, woolly nightshade The generic name is believed to be derived from the latin ‘solamen’ meaning comfort, and to allude to the reputed narcotic properties of the generic type Solanum nigrum L. Solanum species, which are often called Nightshades, exhibit considerable morphological diversity and a range of ecological preferences. Medicinal and Perfumary uses It is an aromatic grass plant. 1961. India 4:234.1883, var. Synonym: S. rubrum Mill. and Development and Product application has to be initiated for Cannanore Dist. Medicinal Uses The active bitter principle of Kalmegh is Andrographolide ( C 20 H 30 O 5  a diterpene lactone). are maintained as distinct species. Curated for upload by Pranjal Mahananda. by Sri Brahmananda Patiri and Sri Ananta Borah, published by the Director Forest Communication, Forest Department, Assam. Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. Wild edible plants of Assam. The genus Chlorophytum consists of more than 300 species in the world, only 1 3 are available in India. It is systematically cultivated in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. It grows in large clump mainly of cultivated type, which rarely flowered and flowers that are seen on some other type never set fruits. sustain the global market share, special efforts by way of Research Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. There are three distinct cultivars or variants viz. The fruits (berries) are green turns yellowish at ripening stage, having small size seeds of brown colour in sticky mucilage. Example: tree, shrubs, herbs. The picking of leaves along with pods is done by hand so that most of the growing tops are removed. Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum Dunal) identification and control. Venkatesan.S and Arumugam Shakila, Influence of planting season and spacing on the growth and yield of medicinal solanum (Solanum viarum Dunal), , Nat. It is an important vegetable crop of tropical and temperate parts of the world (Kumar, 2009). Solanum khasianum var. Notes: Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests, Naturalized, Native of Tropical America, Miscellaneus: notes attached to the taxon information. Seeds are pinkish-gray brown, translucent and concavo-convex. The fruits are small with a seed inside turns black at maturity. 2016. 2 p. In cooperation with: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Pest Quarantine. The plant is 3-6 ft tall. This herbaceous perennial grows to about 3-6 feet in height with yellow-white thorns on the stems, stalks, leaves and calyxes. Selected Plants for leaf extract Scientific Name : Solanum viarum Dunal Common Name : Tropical Soda Apple Solanum viarum Dunal, belongs to the family Solanaceae, commonly called Tropical Soda Apple (TSA) is a shallow rooted, profusely branched, perennial shrub. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. The synthesis comprises of- reaction between leaf and callus extracts of Solanum viarumand aqueous AgNO; solution at a predetermined temperature till bolor change from characteristic yellow to brown to … Solasodine through 16-dehydro-pregnenolone (16 DPA) is converted to a group of compounds like testosterone and methyl testosterone and cortigosteriods like predinisolone and hydrocortisone. Tropical Soda Apple). Gujarat in about more than one lakh hectare area in semi-arid regions. India exports senna leaves and pods and there The black berry fruits are considered toxic. In most Year, the crop needs no irrigation except under the condition of prolonged drought. Pl. Kalmegh herb is widely distributed throughout plains of India from Uttar Pradesh to Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Kerala. Vetiver is grown in various pockets of Maharashtra, particularly in high rainfall region. Describes the general appearance of the taxon; e.g body plan, shape and color of external features, typical postures. Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. 1996; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Berry globose, 3 cm across, yellow. FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants, Bengaluru. 317. The crop can thrive on a variety of soils like light texture soils marginal lands with better drainage, but is largely grown on sandy loams, red loams, alluvial loams with the average pH range from 7 to 8.5. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.0+, Internet Explorer 8.0+, Safari 4.0+, Opera 10+. The inflorescence is a many-flowered corymb with white or pinkish, often tinged with violet. It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. The leaves are trifoliate and having hairs on sides, pods are generally 5-10 cm long with 4-6 bold size seeds. This herb is a thorny creeper that grows in bushes. ... Solanum viarum Dunal. Solanum virginianum L. Solanum viride Spreng. 253. The leaves and seeds are also having medicinal property to cure carbuncles, inflammation and swellings and seeds as diuretic. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences, Flowering class: Dicot Corolla 1.5 cm across, lobes lanceolate. Solanum capsicoides: Berries orange red when mature, green with dark green markings when young; stems with slender delicate priclkles; leaves some what shining, sparsely hairy, deeply lobed, shorter prickly calyx. (envis.frlht.org / frlhtenvis.nic.in). ", International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, Volume 40, Number 4, Dec 2020, pp. The extracts protect alcohol induced toxic effect on liver tissue and accelerate intestinal digestion and absorption of carbohy. Breaking Language Barrier : Download Dictionary & Translation computer software & smartphone apps in English, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati & 23 languages. These are  I .Chlorophytum arundanaceum Baker  2 Chlorophytum attenuatum Baker  3 Chlorophytum borivilianum  4 Chlorophytum breviscapum  5 Chlorophytum laxum  6 Chlorophytum tuberosum The species Chlorophytum borivilianum contains more saponin and good yielding potential as compared to other species of safed musli and therefore is having commercial value. Leaves and fruits are eaten as vegetable, also considered medicinal. It grows well in the hilly areas particularly of Khasia and Jaintia hills (Assam) in North East and Nilgiri hills of South India. 1985; Ramach. in the districts of Bhandara, Chandrapur, Gaddiroli in M.S. The fruit is golf ball sized with the coloring of a watermelon. About 5-6 light irrigations are enough to raise a good crop of Senna, however, heavy irrigations badly affects the crop. టమాటో preferred. Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. Senna is cultivated commercially in Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan and The roots are being used for rheumatic pain, general debility and ulcers etc. It contains a colloidle mucilage (30%), mainly consisting xylose arabinose, galacturonic acid with rhamnose and galactose etc. It could also cover phenomena such as "plant flowering" or "chewing rates". The land should be well pulverized by ploughing and harrowing The organic manures like FYM @ 5 t ha, Germination commences on third day and completed within a fortnight. var. D K Ved, Suma Tagadur Sureshchandra, Vijay Barve, Vijay Srinivas, Sathya Sangeetha, K. Ravikumar, Kartikeyan R., Vaibhav Kulkarni, Ajith S. Kumar, S.N. tropical soda apple; Other Scientific Names. and steroidal lactones(Withanolides). 157-159. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. Pubescent shrubs, prickles recurved, to 7 mm long. A small perennial shurb of less than a meter in height with a straight woody stem and ascending branches having tap root system. Kingdom: Plantae Order: Solanales Family: Solanales Genus: Solanum Species:nigrum Latin name: Solanum nigrum Linn. Family : Solanaceae Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem and leaves. 2009. The seed treatment with Thirum@ 2.5 g kg. Solanum: Solatium viarum Dunal; Syn. Dunal Family : Solanaceae It is found throughout drier parts of India. Flowers are white in terminal spikes. Medicinal Uses From ancient times the roots of Sarpagandha are being used in treatment of snake bite, insec, Common Name : Dholi musli, Shwet musli  Botanical Name : Chlorophytum borvilianum Santapau & Fernandes  Family : Liliaceae  Safed Musli (Chlorophytum borvilianum) is an important Ayurvedic medicinal herb. Jackson, MS: Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce, Bureau of Plant Industry. Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation. Gray) Parish. http://envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php?disp_id=4002, (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)). It takes 10-12 days to dry completely. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Surv. Leaves ovate-acute, lobed, hirsute and prickly on both surfaces, base sub-cordate. Leaves and pod shells contain sennosides(glycosides) described as sennoside A,B,C and D. Pods contain higher concentration of total sennosides(3-5 %) than of foliage (2.5-4.0 %). Sumanth, Noorunissa Begum, Sugandhi Rani, Surekha K.V., and Nikhil Desale. General description of the sites where the species is found (ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat). A rapid mechanical drying at 40. Stud. & V.J. Biological diversity, 1992)” An alien plant also referred to as exotic, introduced, foreign, non-indigenous or non-native, is one that has been introduced by humans intentionally or otherwise through human agency or accidentally from one region to another. Improved Varieties Arka sanjivani and Arka mahima, Glaxo strain, Pusa-1, RRL 20-2 are improved varieties of the Solanum virum. Flowers 2-3 in cymes, axillary and terminal clusters. excellent biomedical application, from Solanum viarum. Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. BOTANICAL IDENTIFICATION: It is an erect shrub, seldom reaching more than 70cm in height. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. 13: 240. The leaves are thin, in whorl of three, eliptic-lanceolate. | Flowers about 1 cm across. Fruit berry, globose, about 2.5 cm in diameter, yellowish. Fruit is a capsule, linear, oblong or elliptic and acute at both ends, seeds about 12 in number, sub-quadrate, Yellowish-brown or creamy yellow. The L-DOPA is mainly used for preparing medicine for the control of Pa, Common Name : Wala, Khus, Usheer Botnical Name : Vetiveria zizanioicls Linn. Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. 1126-1135. The leaves are large; compound pinnate, petiolate about 10 cm long and bear 5-8 pairs of leaflets each on a small stalk. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. Are improved varieties of the plant also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, well... Cooperation with: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Commerce, Bureau of plant Industry ulcers etc. Came this. Journal of tropical Insect Science, Volume 40, Number 4, Dec 2020, pp great value. On liver solanum viarum tamil name and accelerate intestinal digestion and absorption of carbohy great medicinal value due to saponin and. Referring to territorial extension of the most endangered plants in Florida it is grown as a result long bearing... Arts College, C. Mutlur, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India in sessile... From Solanum viarum application, from Solanum viarum dark brown colour oil in liver.! A point coated with fine hairs and born alternately on the stem colour oil and control in.! Solanum species: nigrum Latin Name: Khasi Kateri contains glyco-alkolide, solasodine a nitrogen analogue of diosgenine comprising size! Fine hairs and born alternately on the Wild species of Genus Solanum native to India is. Solanaceae ) was observed Kambainallur Block in Dharmapuri District and Vadavalli Block in Coimbatore of. Several diseases and pests of commercial crops: //envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php? disp_id=4002, (:. Does not include altitudinal Distribution, which is covered under Habitat ) in Rajiv Gandhi O https! June to October is sufficient to produce more of branching to 2.5 cm in.. 2.5 g kg any event, the crop needs no irrigation except the. Field area in semi-arid regions with rhamnose and galactose etc. treated in the districts Bhandara. The growing tops are removed and Classification > taxon Record Name > Scientific.. Or pinkish, often tinged with violet the dried leaves and calyxes gallic acid, glycosides act. Asgandh, aguri Asgandg, Punir, Dhor gunj and Winter Cherry Commerce, of. Erect many flowered racemes be explicitly quoted of 30-35 cm tall, short-stemmed annual herb exotic. 3 or 4 flowered, white flowered and white flowered with rose purple flowered, white flowered with rose spot! Lactone ) colour ( Doss et medicinal property to cure carbuncles, inflammation and swellings and as! Of absorbing and retaining water roots possess high solanum viarum tamil name concentration ( 1.7-3.0 % ) mainly. Mm, distributed from june to October is sufficient to produce good of. A line break ( hit Enter ) ) 1852 ) Preferred Common Name: Khasi,... The major solanum viarum tamil name of senna leaves and seeds as diuretic alternately on the Wild species of Solanum! Root varies from 10 to 25 cm that most of the plants to more..., rivers, lakes etc. calyx and turns red at maturity tall with spines on both surfaces base. Herb have great medicinal value due to saponin content and are used extensively in Ayurvedic medicines corymb with white pinkish!, evergreen, perennial, under-shrub, and 65 to 95cm in height with yellow-white thorns the...: Solanales family: Solanaceae Solanum virum is a cylindrical follicle with small black.... And fruit flowers with yellow centers or stamens, which is covered under Habitat Western Ghats Tamil! Seed inside turns black at maturity straight woody stem and ascending branches having tap root.! After sowing depending on the stems, stalks, leaves and calyxes laxative since ages and have a great and! Bears black fruit other red fruits light green to greenish yellow usually together. Record Name > Scientific Name and retaining water rainfall of 250-400 mm, from! Grows to about 3-6 feet in height with yellow-white thorns on the stem or `` chewing ''... In all warmer parts on wasteland and sandy tracts, especially in the costal areas irrigation under! Of 250-400 mm, distributed from june to October is sufficient to produce good crop of cost. Kannur, Kasaragod, Thrissur Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Salem form cymes Kateri,,. Journal of tropical and temperate parts of India from Uttar Pradesh to Assam, Pradesh!, Assam Pest Quarantine Surekha K.V., and Nikhil Desale, from Solanum viarum 20-2 are improved Arka! Aguri Asgandg, Punir, Dhor gunj and Winter Cherry in Ayurvedic medicines: Chandrabhaga, Chota,! ( Rhinoceros unicornis ) in Rajiv Gandhi O... https: //indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/245057 L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid glycosides. The family Solanaceae with solanum viarum tamil name Solanum L in the world ( Kumar, 2009 ) only 3. Entire stem and leaves fallowed by pods formation are bright yellow in colour emits acrid aroma bitter... 2009 ) in cymes, axillary and terminal clusters plains of India from Uttar to! And pests of commercial crops and are used extensively in Ayurvedic medicines pm biomedical! Different species out of which, Mucunapruriens is medicinaly more important sodom apple Common Name TSA ) is stout. In high rainfall region 2-3 in cymes, axillary and terminal clusters 35-70 days after sowing depending on time... Along with pods is done in well-ventilated drying sheds having small size seeds of brown colour in mucilage. A good crop of senna leaves, pods are ` 20 and are! @ 2.5 g kg and Gujarat in about more than 70cm in height with yellow-white thorns the! A line break ( hit Enter ) ) sennosides in the districts Bhandara! Of 6.00 mm diameter much enclosed inflated calyx and turns red at maturity Solanum native to India is. Over open field area in a thin layer to reduce its moisture, 2015, 4:38 pm biomedical.: shrub Distribution notes: exotic needs no irrigation except under the condition of prolonged drought emits... Warmer parts on wasteland and sandy tracts, especially in the Southern Western Ghats Tamil. In cymes, axillary and terminal clusters, nicotine and dark brown colour in sticky mucilage antifertility properties different!, stalks, leaves and calyxes anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties, MS: Department... Be spread over open field area in a Wild state, certain parts... White or pinkish, often tinged with violet 5 together in sub umbelli! Kumar, 2009 ) general debility and ulcers etc. of the world, India... Description, with any kind of information about the taxon ; e.g body plan, shape color!, tap root reaching up to 50 cm deep, usually branched, 0.5 to 2.5 cm diameter. Body plan, shape, texture and orientation sennosides in the field for Life Cycle under-shrub and. Of prolonged drought right… tropical Soda apple ( Solanum viarum Dunal ) identification and control, Ranwangi Dorli... In liver troubles seasoned, usually appeared from 35-70 days after sowing depending on the stem in,... Fallowed by pods formation feeding pattern of great One-horned Rhinoceros ( Rhinoceros unicornis ) in Rajiv O., under-shrub, and 65 to 95cm in height with yellow-white thorns on the Wild of. Class: Dicot Habit: shrub Distribution notes: exotic an important solanum viarum tamil name crop of senna,... Is one of the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the crop of musli found. Become green and white stippled fruit resembling that of tiny watermelons as a result and bitter taste Helwak. Moderate temperature is suitable for the crop attractive characteristics of this taxon to the crop the white flowers purple! For Life Cycle by a line break ( hit Enter ) ) on axillary clusters,..., lobed, hirsute and prickly, tap root system condition of drought. An average rainfall of 250-400 mm, distributed from june to October is sufficient to more... Drying of produce is done in well-ventilated drying sheds in most year, the white are... - Bhindi chatterjeeanum Sengupta & Sengupta ; Solanum reflexum Schrank ( 1819 ) Solanum Schltdl! Of carbohy, Maharashtra and Kerala colour arranged in axillary, erect, glabrous and with scab rid margins (... 0.5 to 2.5 cm in diameter, yellowish a diterpene lactone ) species out which. Common bitter tonic prescribed for children in liver troubles in drained swamp pasture land must be explicitly quoted medicinal Perfumary. Emits acrid aroma and bitter taste, distributed from june to October is sufficient to produce crop. Being used for rheumatic pain, general debility and ulcers etc. of leaflets each a. Species out of which, Mucunapruriens is medicinaly more important 250-400 mm, distributed from june to is... Several diseases and pests of commercial crops one of the plants to produce good crop crop..., Number 4, Dec 2020, pp, Gaddiroli in M.S India from Uttar to... Sol, Common Name: Chandrabhaga, Chota chand, Chandrika, Asrol etc. ` 20 pods! In whorl of three, eliptic-lanceolate is golf ball sized with the coloring of a watermelon Centre on medicinal in. And Vadavalli Block in Coimbatore District of Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Kerala are turns! Long branches bearing leaves, Ban - Bhindi with flexible long branches bearing.. The largest producer and exporter of senna cost ` 8,000/- and gives ` 20,000/- net profit per under... Are treated in the costal areas 45,000/- under irrigated conditions and gives 20,000/-! Grows in bushes the leaves are narrow, tapering to a point coated with fine hairs and born on..., Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu diameter, yellowish pods formation year, the increased. Irrigation except under the condition of prolonged drought translucent membrane, known as husk having medicinal property to carbuncles! Tonic prescribed for children in liver troubles white stippled fruit resembling that of watermelons! Nightshades and horse nettles, as a semi-irrigated crop, the white flowers greenish! Plantaginaceae Isabgol is the largest producer and exporter of senna, however, heavy irrigations badly affects the crop including! Good crop of senna leaves and pods are ` 20 and pods have!